Evangelicals and Catholics Together
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Evangelicals and Catholics Together is a 1994 ecumenical document signed by leading Evangelical and Roman Catholic scholars in the United States. The co-signers of the document were Charles Colson and Richard John Neuhaus, representing each side of the discussions. It was part of a larger ecumenical rapprochement in the United States that had begun in the 1970s with Catholic-Evangelical collaboration during the Gerald R. Ford Administration and in later para-church organizations such as Moral Majority founded by Rev. Jerry Fawell at the urging of Francis Schaeffer and his son Frank Schaeffer during the Jimmy Carter administration.
The statement is written as a testimony that spells out the need for Protestants and Catholics to deliver a common witness to the modern world at the eve of the third millennium. It draws heavily from the theology of the New Testament and the Trinitarian doctrine of the Nicean creed. It does not mention any specific points of theology, and instead seeks to encourage what is known as spiritual ecumenism and day-to-day ecumenism. The document was signed at a time when Protestants and Catholics were still fighting each other in Northern Ireland, long after the ecumenical movement had begun.[not in citation given]
- Charles Colson, Prison Fellowship and Southern Baptist Convention affiliated
- Dr. Kent Hill Eastern Nazarene College
- Dr. Richard Land, Christian Life Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention
- Dr. Larry Lewis, Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention
- Dr. Jesse Mirand, Assemblies of God
- Mr. Brian O'Connell, World Evangelical Fellowship
- Mr. Herbert Schlossberg, Director of the Fieldstead Foundation and co-author of Turning Point: A Christian Worldview Declaration' with Marvin Olasky
- Dr. John White, Geneva College and the National Association of Evangelicals.
- J. I. Packer, a British-born Canadian Christian theologian in the low church Anglican and Reformed traditions.
Roman Catholic signatories
- Fr. Juan Diaz-Vilar, Society of Jesus and Catholic Hispanic Ministries
- Fr. Avery Dulles, Society of Jesus and Fordham University
- Bishop Francis George, Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, Diocese of Yakima (Washington)
- Msgr. William Murphy, Chancellor of the Archdiocese of Boston
- Fr. Richard John Neuhaus, former Lutheran minister and Institute on Religion and Democracy
- Archbishop Francis Stafford, Archdiocese of Denver
- George Weigel, Ethics and Public Policy Center
- Dr. William Abraham, Perkins School of Theology
- Dr. Elizabeth Achtemeier Union Theological Seminary (Virginia)
- Mr. William Bentley Ball, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
- Bill Bright, Campus Crusade for Christ
- Bishop William Frey, Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry
- Os Guinness, Trinity Forum
- Richard Mouw, Fuller Theological Seminary
- Mark Noll, Wheaton College
- Dr. Thomas C. Oden, Drew University
- Dr. James J. I. Packer, Regent College (British Columbia)
- Pat Robertson, Regent University and The 700 Club
- Dr. John Rodgers, Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry
- Professor Robert Destro, Catholic University of America
- Fr. Augustine DiNoia, Dominican Order and Dominican House of Studies
- Fr. Joseph P. Fitzpatrick, Society of Jesus and Fordham University
- Mr. Keith Fournier, American Center for Law and Justice (founded by Pat Robertson)
- Mary Ann Glendon, professor at Harvard Law School
- Dr. James Hitchcock, St. Louis University
- Peter Kreeft, professor at Boston College
- Fr. Matthew Lamb, Boston College
- Ralph Martin, Renewal Ministries
- Michael Novak, Institute on Religion and Democracy and Resident Scholar of the American Enterprise Institute for Social Policy Research
- Cardinal John O'Connor, Archdiocese of New York
- Bishop Carlos A. Sevilla, Society of Jesus and prelate, Archiocese of San Francisco
The agreement was reached a few years before the 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (between Lutherans and Catholics), which in substance says many of the same things as ECT in that it emphasizes Sola gratia over Sola fide.
Many evangelicals, while appreciating the goal of social agreement in the ECT document, are still opposed to the theological wording of the document. Theologians such as doctors John Ankerberg, D. James Kennedy, John F. MacArthur, and R. C. Sproul, have published concern about it being "a step in exactly the wrong direction" and "going too far" in claiming theological agreement. They emphasize that sola fide is a fundamental distinctive of evangelical theology, which fundamentally divides evangelicals and Catholics theologically, as Rome condemned sola fide at the Council of Trent and has never lifted that condemnation (anathema). Further they argue that it 'attacks the very foundation of absolute truth' by concessions to relativism and post-modernism, belying its profession of joint commitment to the Gospel, thus rendering that Gospel moot. They claim, 'It falls lock-step into line with our culture’s minimalist approach to truth issues'.
- "Evangelicals & Catholics Together: The Christian Mission in the Third Millennium", First Things, May 1994.
- Blumenthal 2009, pp. 24–27.
- Commentary, Founders.
- White, James, A Review of and Response to "Evangelicals and Catholics Together: The Christian Mission in the Third Millennium”, Alpha & Omega Ministries.
- Catholic-Evangelical cooperation, Religious tolerance.
- The Transformation of the Church, Pair.
- Blumenthal 2009, p. 40.
- "Evangelicals and Catholics Together: A New Initiative", Christianity today, Dec 8, 1997.
- Ankerberg; Kennedy; MacArthur; Sproul (1995). "Irreconcilable Differences: Catholics, Evangelicals, and the New Quest for Unity". Archived from the original on 2016-06-12. Retrieved Sep 3, 2011.