Evans Head, New South Wales

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Evans Head
New South Wales
Storm On The Horizon.jpg
Storm on the horizon, Evans Head, 2017
Evans Head is located in New South Wales
Evans Head
Evans Head
Coordinates29°07′S 153°26′E / 29.117°S 153.433°E / -29.117; 153.433Coordinates: 29°07′S 153°26′E / 29.117°S 153.433°E / -29.117; 153.433
Population2,843 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2473
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Richmond Valley Council
CountyRichmond
State electorate(s)Clarence
Federal Division(s)Page

Evans Head is a town in Richmond Valley Council of the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2016 census, Evans Head had a population of 2,843 people.[1] It is 726 kilometres north of Sydney, and 11 kilometres east off the Pacific Highway from Woodburn.

History[edit]

Evans Head is situated on the traditional lands of the Widje clan of the Bundjalung people.[2]

Evans Head is named after a marine surveyor, Lt Evans, RN who carried out the first marine survey of the coastline in the area.[3]

The Evans Head Air Weapons Range is located near the town. It has been used by the Royal Australian Air Force since 13 July 1949.[4]

Heritage listings[edit]

Evans Head has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Native title[edit]

In late April 2021, the Federal Court of Australia convened at Evans Head, where a native title determination was made over 7.2 square kilometres (2.8 sq mi) of land, consisting of 52 separate areas of land. The application had been launched in 1996, and the first determination made in 2013. Included in the land is a bora ring of great cultural significance near Coraki.[6]

Population[edit]

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 2,843 people in Evans Head.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 4.5% of the population.
  • 85.0% of people were born in Australia and 90.7% of people spoke only English at home.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 29.0%, Anglican 21.9% and Catholic 20.9%.[1]

Attractions[edit]

It is a coastal town and a holiday resort, playing host to one of the largest holiday parks in NSW. It is sandwiched between Bundjalung National Park and Broadwater National Park. There is a wide curved beach that is popular for fishing, surfing and swimming.

Evans Head is home to the Illawong Hotel, an RSL club and one of the largest holiday parks in NSW, parts of which are pet-friendly. The Evans Head Holiday Park (formerly known as 'Silver Sands Caravan Park' ) has almost 600 sites and is located within walking distance of all the town amenities. The town has two supermarkets, two butchers, a number of clothing stores, cafes and other eateries that cater for the tourist population. Whilst the population is less than 3,000 people that number swells in school holidays.

The 1874 wreck of a timber schooner, Pilot, is visible on the beach north of the town in times of high erosion.[7] The aerodrome hosts one of the few retired F-111 aircraft in Australia and a museum with a number of authentic aircraft on display.

Transport[edit]

Fairey Battle aircraft, 1941

The town's airport, the Evans Head Memorial Aerodrome, formerly a RAAF base is heritage listed.

Northern Rivers Buslines operates two routes from Lismore, the 690 and 695, where the 695 also continues to Grafton from Evans Head. Ballina Buslines operates one route to Ballina via Woodburn, the 660.

NSW Trainlink operates a daily coach between Grafton and Byron Bay via Evans Head.

Sport[edit]

The town has a bowling club and surf club. Evans Head Bombers rugby league club was established in 1999 and draws players from Broadwater, Woodburn and Coraki. The club fields junior and senior teams in the Northern Rivers Regional Rugby League competition. Golf is played at the Woodburn-Evans Head course with 11 holes and 18 tees.

Industry[edit]

The main industry today is tourism with sugar cane growing just inland from the town. The town has a small industrial estate near the airport.

The town was traditionally a fishing village, with snapper fishing and prawning forming the basis of the town's local economy.

The voyage of the Friendship R[edit]

The Friendship-R, the first fishing trawler to circumnavigate Australia

From the 1950s Evans Head has been distinguished as the first dedicated base of the oftentimes perilous prawn trawling industry in Australia. There was a prawn fishing fleet permanently moored in the estuary. Messenger recalls that many fisherman lost their lives. One instance in the 1960s was the trawler Wyowna was lost at sea with all hands on board.[8]:39[9]

At ca. March 1963 the Fisherman’s Cooperative of Evans Head was the base starting point of the journey of the Friendship-R, the first fishing trawler to circumnavigate Australia. It was built in nearby Ballina by K.F. Barlow for Rex Montford, an experienced seaman and fisherman. With crewman Ken Messenger, a grandson of Dally Messenger, the rugby league superstar of the early 20th century, Montford set out on his epic journey.[8]:11 & 7

Ken Messenger 1990 - crewman on the Friendship R - the first fishing trawler to circumnavigate Australia

The Friendship R was originally contracted by the CSIRO to teach the fishermen at Shark Bay near Carnarvon WA , the art of trawling for prawns.[8]:9

Leaving Evans Head the trawler journeyed south, stopping at Coffs Harbour, Broken Bay, Sydney, Eden and on to Port Fairy in Victoria. They then headed West to Port Lincoln and then across the Great Australian Bight to Western Australia aided only with a compass and a book of charts. They negotiated extremely hazardous reefs on their way into Fremantle.[8]:11 & 12

As it turned out the fishermen at Shark Bay had already had been mentored by Jack Drinan, a skilled Queensland prawner who was in charge of six trawlers all named Nor but numbered one to six. This was the same Jack Drinan who was shipwrecked on 26 April 1963 and declared lost, but was sensationally found seventeen days later, in the open sea, clinging to the trawler’s refrigerator door. Montford and Messenger were part of the search party.[8]:12ff[10] In the company of Drinan and his surviving boats the Friendship R saw out the rest of the fishing and prawning season, while domiciled at the Shark Bay whaling station.[8]:17

The Evans Head oftentimes dangerous Breakwater

In October 1963 Montford and Messenger decided to leave Carnarvon and return to Evans Head by the top end of the Australian continent.

In the company of two other boats, the Toowoon Bay and the Rambler, they proceeded along the coastline north to Exmouth Gulf and then east to Darwin. On this leg of the trip, a crisis occurred when, in a calm sea, their engine failed. The sails, gifted by Sydney yachtsman Englebert “Boy” Messenger, were not helpful as there was no wind. Fortunately, Reg Massey, skipper of the Rambler sensed something was wrong, doubled back, found the Friendship R and towed it into the port of Darwin.

When all was repaired and overhauled in Darwin the Friendship R set out across the unpredictable Gulf of Carpentaria. They stopped at Elcho Island where they received enthusiastic hospitality from the locals.

They were similarly welcomed at Thursday Island. They then proceeded back to Evans Head via Cairns and Tin Can Bay.[8]:12–30 The Friendship R was the first fishing trawler or similar vessel to circumnavigate Australia. It is considered a pioneer voyage in Australia's history. Messenger left for other pursuits and Rex Montford lived out his life in Evans Head, honoured and respected by the local population. He is buried in the local cemetery.[8]:32

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Evans Head (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 January 2019. Edit this at WikidataCC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^ Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Badjalang (QLD)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. p. 191.
  3. ^ "Evans Head". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 September 2009. Edit this at Wikidata
  4. ^ "Evans Head Air Weapons Range". Defence Aircraft Noise. Department of Defence. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Evans Head Memorial Aerodrome". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01649. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  6. ^ Ross, Hannah (30 April 2021). "NSW Bandjalang people victorious after 25-year native title fight". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Shipwrecks exposed". Mid Coast Observer. Rural Press. 5 August 2009. p. 6.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Messenger, Ken; Friendship R, Publisher Ken Messenger, Box 282 Hornsby NSW, 2020>
  9. ^ Search for Lost Boat Extended, The Canberra Times, 2 Jan 1964
  10. ^ "Lost at Sea in an Esky". maritimemuseumsaustralia.com. The Maritime Museum. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  • Sturt, Charles,'Two Expeditions into the Interior of Southern Australia during the years 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831 with Observations on the Soil, Climate and general Resources of the Colony of New South Wales,' Vol 1 London, Smith Elder and Co, 1833, map facing LXXX Map is titled: Map of the Discoveries in Australia copied from the latest M. S. Surveys in the Colonial Office, 16 Feb 1832, London, J. Arrowsmith.

External links[edit]

Media related to Evans Head, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons