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Evdokia Alexeyevna Petrova (Russian: Евдоки́я Алексе́евна Петро́ва; September 15, 1915 – July 19, 2002) was a Russian spy in Australia in the 1950s. She married Vladimir Petrov, and came to prominence with him during the Petrov Affair.
Raised in the Soviet Union, Petrova worked as a bureaucrat in the state-run forced labor camps or gulags. In 1951, she was posted with her husband as a diplomat to Australia, though her real work was as a spy, in the rank of captain, against the Australian government. In this capacity she provided clerical, cypher, and operational assistance to the Soviet embassy in Canberra.
With her husband she defected to Australia in 1954. This happened at Darwin Airport, at the height of the Petrov Affair. The Petrovs' memoirs of the episode were contained in their book "Empire of Fear", which was ghost-written by Michael Thwaites.
To help protect their identities in Australia, the Petrovs took the names Sven and Anna Allyson. Although the press agreed not to identify them, they did not always observe this voluntary protection order. She became an Australian citizen in 1956. She found work as a typist for William Adams Tractors. Vladimir Petrov died in 1991, but she was not able to attend his funeral due to media attention.
Evdokia Petrov's life has inspired a number of fictional works.
- The Red Shoe, a novel by Ursula Dubosarsky which won the New South Wales Premier's Literary Award and the Queensland Premier's Literary Award in 2006.
- Mrs Petrov's Shoe, a play by Noelle Janaczewska which won the Queensland Premier's Literary Award for drama in 2006.
- The Safe House, an animation by Lee Whitmore, narrated by Noni Hazelhurst, which won Best Animation at the Sydney Film Festival 2006.
- Document Z, a novel by Andrew Croome, which won the Australian/Vogel Literary Award in 2008.
- The Petrov Affair, a 1987 television mini-series.
- "Previous winners | About Queensland and its government | Queensland Government". Qld.gov.au. 2011-11-30. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- "Lee Whitmore". Lee Whitmore. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- "Fully formed: 30 years of The Australian/Vogel Literary Award". Theaustralian.com.au. 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- The Petrov Affair (TV mini-series 1987) - IMDb
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