April 21, 1912
|Died||January 4, 2012 (aged 99)|
|Spouse(s)||Arnold Arnold (divorced)|
1 son, Frank
Eve Arnold, OBE, Hon. FRPS (née Cohen; April 21, 1912 – January 4, 2012) was an American photojournalist. She joined Magnum Photos agency in 1951, and became a full member in 1957. She was the first woman to join the agency.
Early life and career
Eve Arnold was born Eve Cohen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the middle of nine children born to immigrant Russian-Jewish parents, William Cohen (born Velvel Sklarski), a rabbi, and his wife, Bessie (Bosya Laschiner). Her interest in photography began in 1946 while working for Kodak in their Fair Lawn NJ photo-finishing plant. Over six weeks in 1948, she learned photographic skills from Harper's Bazaar art director Alexey Brodovitch at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan. She married Arnold Schmitz (later Arnold Arnold) in 1941.
Eve Arnold photographed many of the iconic figures who shaped the second half of the twentieth century, yet she was equally comfortable documenting the lives of the poor and dispossessed, “migrant workers, civil-rights protestors of apartheid in South Africa, disabled Vietnam war veterans and Mongolian herdsmen.” Her joyful picture of a Cuban couple with their child was selected in 1955 for the world-touring Museum of Modern Art exhibition The Family of Man and seen by 9 million visitors. For Arnold, there was no dichotomy: “"I don't see anybody as either ordinary or extraordinary," she said in a 1990 BBC interview, "I see them simply as people in front of my lens.” Arnold was particularly noted for her work using available light, concentrating on the image in the lens and eschewing extensive use of photographic lighting and flash. Of this she said "By the time you set up lights the image is gone" in a Guardian interview in 2000.
Arnold's images of Marilyn Monroe on the set of The Misfits (1961) were perhaps her most memorable, but she had taken many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards. Her previously unseen photos of Monroe were shown at a Halcyon Gallery exhibition in London during May 2005. She also photographed Queen Elizabeth II, Malcolm X, Marlene Dietrich, and Joan Crawford, and traveled around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa and Afghanistan. Arnold left the United States and moved permanently to England in the early 1970s with her son, Francis Arnold. While working for the London Sunday Times, she began to make serious use of color photography.
In 1980, she had her first solo exhibition, which featured her photographic work done in China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City. In the same year, she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In 1993, she was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society, and elected Master Photographer by New York's International Center of Photography.
She did a series of portraits of American First Ladies. In 1997, she was appointed a member of the Advisory Committee of the National Media Museum (formerly the Museum of Photography, Film & Television) in Bradford, West Yorkshire. She was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2003.
She lived in Mayfair for many years until her last illness, when she moved to a nursing home in St George's Square, Pimlico. When Anjelica Huston asked if she was still doing photography, Arnold replied: "That's over. I can't hold a camera any more." She said she spent most of her time reading such writers as Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Thomas Mann and Leo Tolstoy.
Arnold died in London on January 4, 2012, aged 99.
- Marilyn Monroe, 1960.
- Jacqueline Kennedy arranging flowers with daughter Caroline, 1961.
- Horse Training for the Militia in Inner Mongolia, 1979.
- The Unretouched Woman, 1976.
- Flashback: The 50s, Knopf, 1978.
- In China, Knopf, 1980.
- In America, Knopf, 1983.
- Marilyn Monroe: An Appreciation, Knopf, 1987.
- All in a Day's Work, Bantam, 1989.
- The Great British, Knopf, 1991.
- In Retrospect, Knopf, 1995.
- Film Journal, Bloomsbury, 2002.
- Handbook, 2005
- Marilyn Monroe 2005
- Eve Arnold's People 2010
- All About Eve, teNeues, 2012
- Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1997.
- Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters, Staffordshire University.
- Doctor of Humanities, Richmond, the American International University in London.
- Master Photographer, International Center of Photography, NYC.
- Honorary Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by the British Government.
- Lifetime Achievement Award, the Sony World Photography Awards, 2010.
- Amanda Hopkinson Obituary: Eve Arnold, The Guardian, January 5, 2012
- "Eve Arnold – photojournalist". Art Fine. Archived from the original on July 1, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2010.
- Waters, Florence (January 5, 2012). "American photographer Eve Arnold dies aged 99". Telegraph. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Hopkinson, Amanda (2012-01-05). "Eve Arnold obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- Tim Troy "Arnold, Eve" in Robin Lenman (ed.) The Oxford Companion to the Photograph, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, p.47
- "Remembering Eve Arnold, The Unretouched Woman". The Economist. January 10, 2012.
- Steichen, Edward; Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973, (organizer.); Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967, (writer of foreword.); Norman, Dorothy, 1905-1997, (writer of added text.); Lionni, Leo, 1910-1999, (book designer.); Mason, Jerry, (editor.); Stoller, Ezra, (photographer.); Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) (1955). The family of man : the photographic exhibition. Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Simon and Schuster in collaboration with the Maco Magazine Corporation.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Photojournalist Eve Arnold Dies At 99". NPR. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Arnold, Eve (October 31, 2010). "Moments of truth". The Guardian.
- Liz Jobey, "What Eve Arnold saw", FT Magazine, 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012
- "Royal Photographic Society website". Archived from the original on 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- Maria Lokke, "First Ladies", The New Yorker Photo Booth, January 11, 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Profile of Eve Arnold Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Eve Arnold's People, edited by Brigitte Lardinois with texts by Huston and Isabella Rossellini, London: Thames & Hudson, 2009
- "Photojournalist Eve Arnold dies aged 99". BBC News. January 5, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- "Aesthetica Magazine - Eve Arnold to receive Lifetime Achievement Award at Sony World Photography Awards 2010". Aesthetica Magazine. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- Gerhard Bissell, Arnold, Eve, in: Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon (Artists of the World), Suppl. I, Saur, Munich 2005, from p. 458 (in German).
- Emily Meyer Pomper, Arnold, Eve, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish Women.
- NY Times obituary, "Eve Arnold, a Photographer of Bold and Illuminating Images, Dies at 99".
- Sarah Archer (June 2012). "Who was Eve Arnold? The woman behind some iconic photographs". The Washington Post..
- Eve Arnold photosite.
- Eve Arnold Biography and Marilyn Monroe Pictures.
- Filmed interview with Eve Arnold, talking about the Magnum Photographic Agency.