Eveite

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Eveite
General
Category Arsenate minerals
Formula
(repeating unit)
Mn22+AsO4OH
Strunz classification 8.BB.30
Crystal system Orthorhombic
Crystal class Dipyramidal (mmm)
H-M symbol: (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Space group Pnnm
Unit cell a = 8.57(1), b = 8.77(1)
c = 6.27(1) [Å]; Z = 4
Identification
Formula mass 265.80 g/mol
Color Apple green, pale yellow
Crystal habit Tabular or sheaf-like
Cleavage Fair on {101}
Mohs scale hardness 3½ - 4
Luster Vitreous
Streak White
Diaphaneity Semitransparent
Specific gravity 3.76
Optical properties Biaxial
Refractive index nα = 1.700(5), nβ = 1.715(5), nγ = 1.732(10)
Birefringence β = .032
Pleochroism Visible: X = Z = green Y = Yellow
2V angle Measured: 65°
Solubility completely soluble in cold 1:1 HCl
References [1][2][3]

Eveite is a manganese arsenate mineral in the olivenite group. Its chemical formula is Mn2AsO4OH. It is found only in Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden and at the Sterling Mine in New Jersey, United States. It is a dimorph of sarkinite and is isostructural with adamite. The name, for the biblical "Eve", comes from its structural similarities to adamite and is also a reference to its apple-green color.[3] It can also be pale yellow. Eveite is an orthorhombic mineral, which means it has three crystallographic axes of unequal lengths which are at 90° to one another.

Eveite is anisotropic, which means that its physical and optical properties differ with respect to direction. It has high relief, which is the apparent topography exhibited by minerals in thin section as a consequence of refractive index. It is biaxial, so it has two optic axes and three indices of refraction n depending on the crystallographic direction. The refractive index is the ratio of the velocity of light in a vacuum to that in the mineral. The difference between the highest and lowest indices of refraction is called the birefringence, so the birefringence of eveite is β = .032.

Eveite is significant because it was the first mineral to show Mn2+ atoms in five-fold coordination, which is otherwise undocumented in mineral structures. It's an important addition to the olivenite group, and isostructural with andalusite. Because it shows up in very small quantities and in only two locations, it has no commercial use. It is relatively low-density and is associated with high hydrate and low density arsenates in open cavities, which contributes to its rarity.

References[edit]

  • Pabst, A. (1970) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist, 55, 319-320.
  • Moore, P. and Smyth, J. (1968) Crystal Chemistry of the Basic Manganese Arsenates: III. The Crystal Structure of Eveite. American Mineralogist, 53, 1841-1845.
  • Moore, P. (1968) Eveite, Mn22+AsO4OH, a new mineral from Långban. Arkiv För Mineralogi Och Geologi, 4.26, 473-476.