Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baring in 1926

Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, KG, GCMG, KCVO (29 September 1903 – 10 March 1973, aged 69), was Governor of Southern Rhodesia from 1942 to 1944, High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1944 to 1951, and Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959. Baring played an integral role in the suppression of the Mau Mau rebellion.[1] Together with Colonial Secretary Alan Lennox-Boyd, Baring played a significant role in the government's efforts to deal with the rebellion, and see Kenya through to independence. Baring was aware of abuses against Mau Mau detainees. He was elevated to being the 1st Baron Howick of Glendale in 1960.

Education and early career[edit]

Baring followed in the footsteps of his father, the famed "Maker of Modern Egypt"–– Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer. Baring went to Winchester College and then to New College, Oxford, graduating from Oxford University with First Class Honours in Modern History before serving in the Indian Civil Service. He then joined Britain's Foreign Office, where he was sent first to Southern Rhodesia before being posted in South Africa as High Commissioner.[2]

Seretse Khama[edit]

In 1949, while serving as High Commissioner for Southern Africa, Baring played a key role in preventing Seretse Khama, the heir to the throne of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, from assuming the throne; doing so on the ground that Khama's marriage to a white woman, Ruth Williams, was opposed by the white-minority government of South Africa, a neighbouring state which had recently implemented a system of racial segregation known as apartheid.[3]

Working in close collaboration with Percivale Liesching, who was serving as Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs at the time, Baring was able to persuade government ministers to prevent Khama from assuming the throne of Bechuanaland, instead mandating him to stay in a government-imposed exile in London, which lasted until 1956.[3]

Governorship in Kenya[edit]

As Governor of Kenya, Baring declared a State of Emergency on 20 October 1952 before launching Operation Jock Scott, which targeted alleged Mau Mau leaders, especially Jomo Kenyatta.[4]

In June 1957, Baring passed on to Alan Lennox-Boyd a secret memorandum[5] written by Sir Eric Griffiths-Jones, the Attorney General of Kenya, which described the abuse of Mau Mau detainees. The paper alleges that Baring supplied a covering letter that asserted that inflicting "violent shock" was the only way of suppressing the Mau Mau rebellion.[5]

Career after Kenya[edit]

Baring left Kenya in 1959. He was elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as the 1st Baron Howick of Glendale in 1960. He retired to his family estate of Howick Hall, which was inherited by his wife Lady Mary Cecil Grey, daughter of the 5th Earl Grey. He was known to enjoy birdwatching. Lord Howick of Glendale later accepted a post with the government's Colonial Development Corporation.[6]

Marriage and children[edit]

Baring married Lady Mary Cecil Grey, daughter of the 5th Earl Grey and Lady Mabel Laura Georgiana Palmer (daughter of the 2nd Earl of Selborne), on 24 April 1935. They had three children:[7]

Lord Howick of Glendale died on 10 March 1973 at the age of 69 and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Charles.



Coat of arms of Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale
Coronet of a Baron
A Mullet Erminois, two of the points resting on the pinions of a pair of Wings conjoined and elevated Argent.
Azure, on a Fess Or, an Eastern Crown Azure, in chief a Bear's Head proper, muzzled Or.
Dexter: A Tiger guardant proper, gorged with an Eastern Crown Or.
Sinister: a Lion guardant Purpure, crowned with a Ducal Coronet Or, and gorged with an Eastern Crown Or.
(To serve the King with goodwill)
Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 23 April 1977)

Family tree[edit]

Family tree: Descendants of Johann Baring (1697–1748)
Johann (John) Baring
John Baring
Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet
Charles Baring
Sir Thomas Baring, 2nd Baronet
Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton
Henry Baring
William Baring
William Baring-Gould
Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook
Thomas Baring
Charles Baring
Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton
Francis Baring, 3rd Baron Ashburton
Henry Bingham Baring
Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke
Thomas Baring
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer
William Henry Baring
Edward Baring-Gould
Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook
Francis Henry Baring
Thomas Baring
Alexander Baring, 4th Baron Ashburton
Charles Baring
John Baring, 2nd Baron Revelstoke
Cecil Baring, 3rd Baron Revelstoke
Everard Baring
Maurice Baring
Rowland Baring, 2nd Earl of Cromer
Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale
Rosa Frederica Baring
Sabine Baring-Gould
Francis Baring, 2nd Earl of Northbrook
Francis Arthur Baring, 4th Baron Northbrook
Francis Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton
Guy Baring
Sir Godfrey Baring, 1st Baronet
Rupert Baring, 4th Baron Revelstoke
Rowland Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer
Charles Baring, 2nd Baron Howick of Glendale
(born 1937)
William Drake Baring-Gould
Francis John Baring, 5th Baron Northbrook
Alexander Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton
Giles Baring
Sir Charles Christian Baring, 2nd Baronet
Helen Azalea Baring
Raymond Alexander Baring
John Baring, 5th Baron Revelstoke
James Baring, 6th Baron Revelstoke
Evelyn Rowland Esmond Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer
(born 1946)
William S. Baring-Gould
Francis Baring, 6th Baron Northbrook
(born 1954)
John Baring, 7th Baron Ashburton
(born 1928)
Sir John Francis Baring, 3rd Baronet
(born 1947)
Alexander Rupert Baring, 7th Baron Revelstoke
(born 1970)


  1. ^ Elkins, Caroline (2005). Britain's Gulag: The Brutal End of Empire in Kenya. London: Pimlico. p. 35. ISBN 9781847922946.
  2. ^ Douglas-Home, Charles (1978). Evelyn Baring, The Last Proconsul. Collins`. ISBN 9780002164573.
  3. ^ a b Williams, Susan (2006). Colour Bar: the Triumph of Seretse Khama and his Nation. London: Allen Lane.
  4. ^ Leander (7 November 2013). "The longest state of emergency in Kenya ends". South African History Online. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Cobain, Ian; Walker, Peter (11 April 2011). "Secret memo gave guidelines on abuse of Mau Mau in 1950s". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
  6. ^ Elkins, Caroline (2005). Britain's Gulag: The Brutal End of Empire in Kenya. London: Pimlico. p. 364.
  7. ^ a b The Peerage.com, entry for 1st Lord Howick of Glendale

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by Governor of Southern Rhodesia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Kenya
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by British High Commissioner to
South Africa

Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Howick of Glendale
Succeeded by