Evelynton

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Evelynton
EVELYN.jpg
Evelynton, January 2013
Evelynton is located in Virginia
Evelynton
Evelynton is located in the US
Evelynton
Location VA 5 E of VA 609, Charles City, Virginia
Coordinates 37°19′48″N 77°09′16″W / 37.33000°N 77.15444°W / 37.33000; -77.15444Coordinates: 37°19′48″N 77°09′16″W / 37.33000°N 77.15444°W / 37.33000; -77.15444
Area 48 acres (19 ha)
Built 1937 (1937)
Architect Lee, W. Duncan
Architectural style Colonial Revival
NRHP Reference # 89000486[1]
VLR # 018-0064
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 17, 1989
Designated VLR June 21, 1988[2]

Evelynton is a historic home near Charles City, Charles City County, in the U.S. state of Virginia. It was built in 1937, and is a two-story, seven bay, brick dwelling in the Colonial Revival style. It has a gable roof with dormers, and flanking dependencies connected to the main house by hyphens. Also on the property is a contributing frame servants' quarters. It was designed and built under the supervision of the prominent architect W. Duncan Lee (1884–1952).[3]

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.[1]

History[edit]

Originally part of William Byrd II's expansive Westover Plantation and named for Byrd's daughter, Evelyn, Evelynton has been home to the Ruffin family since 1847.

The family patriarch, Edmund Ruffin, is often credited with firing the first shot of the Civil War at Fort Sumter. His earlier agricultural contributions, from scientific soil testing to the publication of The Farmer's Register helped rescue l9th-century Virginia from a declining agricultural economy, and earned him the title "father of American agronomy."

Evelynton was the site of fierce Civil War skirmishes in 1862, when General George McClellan waged his destructive Peninsula Campaign; J.E.B. Stuart, Stonewall Jackson and John Pelham bravely led the Southern offensive in the Battle of Evelynton Heights.

The original house and out-buildings were burned during that conflict, and the current residence was erected two generations later by Edmund Ruffin's great grandson, John Augustine Ruffin, Jr. and his wife Mary Ball Saunders.

Architect W. Duncan Lee, who completed a brilliant restoration of Carters Grove in Williamsburg, designed the Georgian Revival manor house in 1937. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Today, the 2,500-acre farm is still family owned and operated.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ -Nancy Carter Crump (August 1988). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Evelynton" (PDF).  and Accompanying photo
  4. ^ http://www.jamesriverplantations.org/Evelynton.html