Even-Shoshan Dictionary

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The Hebrew dictionary by Avraham Even-Shoshan, commonly known as the Even-Shoshan Dictionary, was first published (1948–1952) as "מִלּוֹן חָדָשׁ‎ (milon ḥadash, A New Dictionary), later (1966–1970) as הַמִּלּוֹן הֶחָדָשׁ‎ (hamilon heḥadash, The New Dictionary), and finally (2003, well after his death) as מִלּוֹן אֶבֶן־שׁוֹשָׁן‎ (milon even-shoshan, Even-Shoshan Dictionary).


The Even-Shoshan Dictionary is written fully vowelized, and not just in ktiv maleh, because ktiv maleh may change the meaning slightly. For example, in the word "להניח" ('lehaniach'), if the ה ('heh') has a patach under it, it means "to cause rest;" while if it has a kamatz under it, it means "to place."[1]

The dictionary contains over 70,000 words and includes etymological information, displaying roots and Aramaic, Akkadian, Arabic or Ugaritic cognates.

Online editions[edit]

An online edition is available with the application Babylon,[2] and freely through the default Dictionary applications on Apple devices. Google also displays Even-Shoshan's dictionary entries when using the "define:" operator: definition of the word עברית.


  1. ^ Orach Chaim 25:7.
  2. ^ "The Unabridged Even-Shoshan Dictionary". store.babylon-software.com. Retrieved 2020-07-08.[permanent dead link]