Everett Scott

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Everett Scott
Everett Scott 1922.jpg
Scott in 1922
Shortstop
Born: (1892-11-19)November 19, 1892
Bluffton, Indiana
Died: November 2, 1960(1960-11-02) (aged 67)
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 14, 1914, for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
July 27, 1926, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Batting average .249
Home runs 20
Runs batted in 551
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Lewis Everett Scott (November 19, 1892 – November 2, 1960), nicknamed "Deacon", was an American professional baseball player. A shortstop, Scott played in Major League Baseball for 12 seasons as a member of the Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox and Cincinnati Reds, from 1914 through 1926. Scott batted and threw right-handed.

Scott served as captain of both the Red Sox and Yankees, who have become fierce rivals. He compiled a lifetime batting average of .249, hitting 20 home runs with 551 runs batted in in 1,654 games. He led American League shortstops in fielding percentage seven straight seasons (1916–22) and appeared in 1,307 consecutive games from June 20, 1916, through May 6, 1925, setting a record later broken by Lou Gehrig. As of 2015, it is still the third-longest streak in history.

After retiring from baseball, Scott became a successful professional bowler. He died in Fort Wayne, Indiana, at the age of 67. He was posthumously inducted into the Indiana Sports Hall of Fame and Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame.

Early life[edit]

Scott was born in Bluffton, Indiana. He had two brothers and a sister. His father, Lewis, had moved to Bluffton from Warren, Indiana, shortly before Everett's birth. Lewis' brother, Frame, had been a baseball player when he was younger.[1]

Scott attended Bluffton High School, where he played for the school's baseball and basketball teams.[2][3] He graduated in 1909.[2] Scott married his high school sweetheart, Gladys Watt, in 1912.[2][4]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

After graduating from Bluffton, Scott made his professional baseball debut in Minor League Baseball with the Kokomo Wild Cats of the Class D Northern State of Indiana League in 1909. He moved to the Fairmont Champions of the Class D Pennsylvania–West Virginia League for the remainder of the 1909 season. He began the 1910 season with Fairmont, and completed the season with Kokomo.[2] He joined the Youngstown Steelmen of the Class C Ohio–Pennsylvania League in 1911, and remained with them in 1912, when they played in the Class B Central League.[2]

Jimmy McAleer, a native of Youngstown and minority owner of the Boston Red Sox of the American League (AL), noticed Scott playing for the Steelmen.[2] On McAleer's suggestion, the Red Sox purchased Scott from Youngstown after the 1912 season,[5] and optioned him to the St. Paul Saints of the Class AA American Association.[6] Towards the end of the 1913 season, the Red Sox recalled Scott.[7]

Bill Phillips, manager of the Indianapolis Hoosiers of the outlaw Federal League, attempted to convince Scott to jump from the AL after the 1913 season by offering Scott a $4,000 contract. Scott remained with the Red Sox, signing a contract for $2,500 for the 1914 season.[2][8]

Boston Red Sox[edit]

Scott made his major league debut on April 14, 1914 for the Red Sox, and had a .239 batting average with strong fielding as a rookie. His batting average dropped to .201 in the 1915 season. The Red Sox won the AL pennant, and defeated the Philadelphia Phillies in the 1915 World Series. Scott had one hit in 18 at bats during the series.[2]

On June 20, 1916, Scott began a consecutive games played streak.[9] Scott batted .232 in the 1916 season and led all AL shortstops in fielding percentage.[2][10] In the 1916 World Series, the Red Sox defeated the Brooklyn Robins. Scott had two hits in 16 at bats, and Wilbert Robinson of the Robins nicknamed Scott "Trolley Wire" due to his accurate throws.[2]

After a contract dispute, when Scott refused a pay cut from the Red Sox,[11] Scott signed a contract for the 1918 season. He batted .241 in 1917,[2] while leading AL shortstops in fielding percentage and defensive games played,[12] but the Red Sox did not win the pennant. Scott batted .221 in the 1918 season,[2] while leading AL shortstops in fielding percentage for the third consecutive season,[13] as the Red Sox won the 1918 World Series. In April 1919, Scott signed a three-year contract with the Red Sox.[2] Scott led AL shortstops in fielding percentage for the fourth consecutive season in 1919,[14] and batted .278, the highest average of his career.[2]

Scott broke George Pinkney's MLB consecutive games played streak of 577 on April 26, 1920.[15] He again led AL shortstops in fielding percentage.[16] The Red Sox named Scott team captain for the 1921 season, after the previous captain, Harry Hooper, was traded to the Chicago White Sox.[17]

New York Yankees[edit]

After the 1921 season, the Red Sox traded Scott with Bullet Joe Bush and Sad Sam Jones to the New York Yankees for Rip Collins, Roger Peckinpaugh, Bill Piercy, Jack Quinn and $100,000 ($1,326,679 in current dollar terms). Del Pratt succeeded Scott as captain of the Red Sox.[18]

With Peckinpaugh, the captain of the Yankees traded, Babe Ruth was named the new team captain. Ruth was suspended in May 1922 and Scott was named captain in Ruth's place.[19] Scott remained the Yankees' captain through 1925.[20]

Scott played with the Yankees in the 1922 and 1923 World Series, winning in 1923. On May 2, 1923, he was presented with a gold medal by Secretary of the Navy Edwin C. Denby in honor of his 1,000th consecutive game.[15][21] Scott broke Perry Lipe's professional baseball record for consecutive games played of 1,127 on September 14, 1923.[22][23] By the following offseason, manager Miller Huggins began to consider ending Scott's streak.[24] Huggins benched Scott on May 6, 1925 in favor of Pee Wee Wanninger, ending his record consecutive games played streak at 1,307.[9][25]

Later career[edit]

The Washington Senators selected Scott off waivers from the New York Yankees in June 1925, paying the Yankees the waiver price of $4,000.[26] With the Senators, Scott served as Peckinpaugh's backup.[27] The Senators reached the 1925 World Series, but lost.

Though it was reported that Scott would retire to manage his business in Fort Wayne, Indiana,[28] the Chicago White Sox signed Scott in February 1926,[29] and the Cincinnati Reds selected him in July 1926. His final MLB appearance came with the Reds on July 27, 1926.

Scott signed with the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for the 1927 season,[30] receiving his unconditionally release on August 4.[2] He signed with the Toledo Mud Hens of the American Association in August,[31] and played in 33 games for them.[2] Scott played with the Reading Keystones of the International League in 1928, batting .315. Scott returned to the Keystones in 1929, but received his release in July 1929 after 62 games,[2] due to the team's disappointing play.[32][33]

Later life[edit]

Scott was an avid bowler, and he competed in ten-pin bowling events sanctioned by the American Bowling Congress.[34][35][36] He bowled against professional Hank Marino after his retirement from baseball.[37][38] Scott also owned bowling alleys in Fort Wayne.[39][40]

Lou Gehrig, a former teammate of Scott's on the Yankees, surpassed Scott's record of consecutive games played in August 1933 in a game against the St. Louis Browns.[40] Gehrig's streak began in 1925, the same season Scott's streak ended.[41] Scott attended the game as a special guest of the Browns.[42]

Scott died in Parkview Hospital in Fort Wayne, Indiana at age 67. He was posthumously inducted into the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame in 1986[43] and the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2008.[44] The News-Sentinel named Scott the fourth-best athlete from Northeastern Indiana of the 20th century.[45][46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "One of Base Balls Great Men; Is Everette Scott Whose Father Lived Here 30 Years Ago". The Warren Tribune. May 27, 1921. p. 1. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Birch, Ray. "Everett Scott". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Bluffton Lost to Ossian". Bluffton Chronicle. October 30, 1907. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Popular Everett Scott And His Charming Bride". The Youngstown Vindicator. August 22, 1912. p. 20. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bluffton Chronicle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Youngstown Vindicator - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Youngstown Vindicator - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Shortstop Everett Scott Is Benched – Consecutive Game Record Ends at 1,307". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  10. ^ "1916 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Spokane Daily Chronicle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  12. ^ "1917 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  13. ^ "1918 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  14. ^ "1919 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b The Miami News – Google News Archive Search[dead link]
  16. ^ "1920 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  17. ^ Wood, Allan (2000). Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox. iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-14826-3. 
  18. ^ "PRATT TO LEAD RED SOX. – Succeeds Everett Scott as Captain of Boston Americans". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Ruth Regrets Action; Resents Fans' Stand; Declares New York Rooters Have Not Given Him 'Square Deal' Since Return" (PDF). The New York Times. May 27, 1922. Retrieved November 19, 2009. 
  20. ^ Marcus, Steve (December 1, 1988). "Will Yanks Chase Captain Guidry?". Newsday. p. 150. Retrieved November 25, 2011.  (subscription required)
  21. ^ "Aurora Daily Star - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  22. ^ "News Article". Google News. December 30, 1925. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Painesville Telegraph - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  24. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Edmonton Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  26. ^ "Everett Scott Sold For $4,000". Hartford Courant. June 18, 1925. Retrieved July 26, 2012.  (subscription required)
  27. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Everett Scott Decides To Quit The Diamond". Boston Daily Globe. January 2, 1926. Retrieved July 26, 2012.  (subscription required)
  29. ^ "Everett Scott Signed By Chicago White Sox". Boston Daily Globe. February 17, 1926. Retrieved July 26, 2012.  (subscription required)
  30. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  31. ^ "The Milwaukee Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  32. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1946&dat=19290801&id=0HAtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=PowFAAAAIBAJ&pg=6749,128540&hl=en
  33. ^ "Everett Scott Signed To Play For Reading". The Baltimore Sun. January 19, 1928. p. 12. Retrieved July 26, 2012.  (subscription required)
  34. ^ "Reading Eagle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Reading Eagle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  36. ^ "The Telegraph-Herald - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  37. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  38. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  39. ^ "The Portsmouth Times - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  40. ^ a b "The Southeast Missourian - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  41. ^ "The Tuscaloosa News - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  42. ^ "The Southeast Missourian - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  43. ^ Sebring, Blake. "Before Lou Gehrig came along, Everett Scott became the first major-leaguer to play in 1,000 consecutive games". The News-Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 17, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  44. ^ du Moulin, Peter (November 22, 2008). "Lee stands out at Sox Hall ceremony". The Times Argus. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  (subscription required)
  45. ^ "News-Sentinel.com". Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  46. ^ "News-Sentinel.com". Retrieved January 17, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Babe Ruth
New York Yankees team captain
1922 to 1925
Succeeded by
Lou Gehrig