Evergreen International Aviation
|Fate||Chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidation|
|Founded||1960 as Evergreen Helicopters|
|Headquarters||McMinnville, Oregon, United States|
|Delford M. Smith|
Evergreen International Aviation, Inc. was a global aviation services company based in McMinnville, Oregon, United States. Founded in 1960, Evergreen was primarily known for commercial helicopter operations in agricultural and forestry applications. The airline division, Evergreen International Airlines, operated all-cargo Boeing 747 freighters. Evergreen ceased all aviation-related operations in 2013 due to financial challenges.
Delford M. Smith founded the company as Evergreen Helicopters in 1960. Smith was involved in the development of the commercial use of helicopters, and his company was one of the first to use helicopters for spraying fertilizer and herbicides, spreading seeds and fighting forest fires. Smith helped develop a helicopter spray system called the "PaceSpreader" which permitted accurate, fast delivery of granular agents over large areas. The PaceSpreader allowed the helicopter to operate at relatively high speeds while still delivering the product evenly and with measured precision. In 1972 the company expanded into the use of heavy lift helicopters, acquiring a number of Sikorsky S-61. In March 1973 the massive Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane was added to the fleet, with a lift capacity of 20,000 pounds.
In 1974 Smith became aware that the Johnson Flying Service was looking to sell its assets. The business was a small supplemental carrier that had two 94-passenger Lockheed L-188 Electra four-engine turbo-prop passenger aircraft. More importantly, it held a supplemental air carrier operating certificate which allowed it to operate as an airline. After significant deliberation, the Civil Aeronautics Board approved the transfer in 1975. Evergreen International Airlines was officially formed and incorporated on 16 April 1975 as a subsidiary of Evergreen Helicopters, Inc. The business subsequently continued to expand and split into a number of subsidiary divisions. The main subsidiary was Evergreen International Airlines which operated the Boeing 747 as a cargo or tanker aircraft to destinations around the world. The 747-200 "Evergreen Supertanker" can deliver 20,000 gallons of water on a fire, nearly ten times what can be delivered by a conventional forest service tanker such as the Lockheed P-3 Orion.
Scheduled passenger airline operations
The airline division conducted some scheduled passenger operations with Douglas DC-8 jet and Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop aircraft and also operated a commuter airline operation in southern California as Evergreen Airspur with de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter STOL turboprops.
U.S. government work
Evergreen was part of the US Civil Reserve Air Fleet and the International Peace Operations Association. It was known to do work for the United States federal government, including fire suppression for the U.S. Forest Service, troop transportation in the Gulf War of 1991, as well as helicopter transportation for oil rig firefighters at the end of hostilities. The company provided aviation services for the Central Intelligence Agency as well, including transporting the Shah of Iran from Panama to the United States in 1980.
Sale of Evergreen Helicopters
Evergreen Helicopters was sold to Erickson Air-Crane in March 2013 for $250 million. The sale provided Evergreen International Aviation with the liquidity needed to continue operations. Smith said: "The sale of EHI provides us with needed capital to repay existing debt and gives us the liquidity to support our airline and remaining businesses." The deal was contingent upon Erickson Air-Crane obtaining the necessary financing.
On November 8, 2013 Evergreen International Airlines, a subsidiary of Evergreen International Aviation, announced via a voicemail to their employees that all operations would cease effective November 29, 2013.
Current fleet at the time of the end of aviation operations in 2013
|Boeing 747-100F||1||10||1 Converted to Evergreen Supertanker|
- Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum
- Intermountain Airlines
- Pinal Airpark
- List of defunct airlines of the United States
- William Yardley (13 November 2014). "Delford Smith, Founder of Aviation Company, Dies at 84". The New York Times.
- Yenne, Bill (2008). The Evergreen Story. AGS Bookworks Inc. p. 66. ISBN 0-9776374-1-7.
- "Evergreen International Airlines, Inc.: Private Company Information - Businessweek". investing.businessweek.com. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Bates, David (21 December 1999). "Airline With an Attitude: A Special Report on Evergreen Aviation". Yamhill Valley News-Register. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011.
- Copenhaver, Larry (28 October 2006). "Giant Jet Unlikely to Attack California Fire". Tucson Citizen.
- http://www.airliners.net, photo of Evergreen Airspur DHC-6 Twin Otter at LAX
- Evergreen Aviation (19 March 2013). "Press Release". Archived from the original on 11 May 2013.
- Siemers, Erik (19 March 2013). "Erickson Air-Crane to acquire Evergreen Helicopters in $250M deal". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Evergreen International Airlines, McMinnville-based air freight company, will reportedly close Nov. 29". The Oregonian. 7 November 2013.
- "Evergreen International Airlines files voluntary Chapter 7 petition on New Year's Eve". OregonLive.com. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Evergreen International Airlines Chapter 7 Petition" (PDF). PacerMonitor. PacerMonitor. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Giegerich, Andy (20 August 2014). "Report: Evergreen's McMinnville campus draws interest from three buyers". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 21 August 2014.