Evgeny Morozov (Russian: Евгений Морозов, Belarusian: Яўгені Марозаў, born in 1984 in Soligorsk, Belarus) is a writer and researcher of Belarusian origin who studies political and social implications of technology.
Life and career
Morozov has been a visiting scholar at Stanford University, a fellow at the New America Foundation, and a contributing editor of and blogger for Foreign Policy magazine, for which he wrote the blog Net Effect. He has previously been a Yahoo! fellow at Georgetown University's Walsh School of Foreign Service, a fellow at the Open Society Institute, director of new media at the NGO Transitions Online, and a columnist for the Russian newspaper Akzia. In 2009, he was chosen as a TED Fellow where he spoke about how the Web influences civic engagement and regime stability in authoritarian, closed societies or in countries "in transition".
Morozov's writings have appeared in various newspapers and magazines around the world, including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, The Economist, The Guardian, The New Yorker, New Scientist, The New Republic, Corriere Della Sera, Times Literary Supplement, Newsweek International, International Herald Tribune, Boston Review, Slate, San Francisco Chronicle, Folha de S.Paulo, and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
Morozov expresses skepticism about the popular view that the Internet is helping to democratize authoritarian regimes, arguing that it could also be a powerful tool for engaging in mass surveillance, political repression, and spreading nationalist and extremist propaganda. He has also criticized what he calls "The Internet Freedom Agenda" of the US government, finding it naïve and even counterproductive to the very goal of promoting democracy through the Web.
The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom
In January 2011, Morozov published his first book The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom (ISBN 978-1-58648874-1). In addition to exploring the impact of the Internet on authoritarian states, the book investigates the intellectual sources of the growing excitement about the liberating potential of the Internet, linking it to the triumphalism that followed the end of the Cold War. Morozov also argues against the ideas of what he calls cyber-utopianism (the inability to see the Internet's "darker" side, that is, the capabilities for information control and manipulation of new media space) and Internet-centrism (the growing propensity to view all political and social change through the prism of the Internet).
To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism
In March 2013, Morozov published a second book, To Save Everything, Click Here (ISBN 1-61039138-1). Morozov criticizes what he calls "technology solutionism", the idea that, as Tim Wu put it, "a little magic dust can fix any problem". However, Wu, whose own work is severely criticized by Morozov, dismisses Morozov's book as "rife with such bullying and unfair attacks that seem mainly designed to build Morozov's particular brand of trollism", and "a missed opportunity" to discuss the issues. Morozov believes that technology should be debated alongside debates about politics, economics, history, and culture.
About Internet libertarians, Morozov told The New Yorker:
They want to be "open", they want to be "disruptive", they want to "innovate". The open agenda is, in many ways, the opposite of equality and justice. They think anything that helps you to bypass institutions is, by default, empowering or liberating. You might not be able to pay for health care or your insurance, but if you have an app on your phone that alerts you to the fact that you need to exercise more, or you aren't eating healthily enough, they think they are solving the problem.
- Pilkington, Ed (13 January 2013). "Evgeny Morozov: How Democracy Slipped through the Net". The Guardian.
- "Evgeny Morozov". FSI Stanford (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University ).
- "Profile". TED. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- "Profile on Open Society Foundation". Soros. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- "Morozov, o 'cibercético', estreia coluna na Folha.com" [Morozov, the 'cyberskeptic', debuts column at Folha.com]. Folha (in Portuguese). UOL. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
- "Privatheit wird Diebstahl". FAZ (in German). Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- Cohen, Noam (August 15, 2013). "The Internet's Verbal Contrarian". The New York Times.
- Morozov, Evgeny (January 2011). "Freedom.gov". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- Kane, Pat (7 January 2011). "Review of The Net Delusion: How Not To Liberate The World by Evgeny Morozov". The Independent.
- Chatfield, Tom (8 January 2011). "Review of The Net Delusion: How Not To Liberate The World, by Evgeny Morozov". The Observer.
- Morozov. To Save Everything. pp. 58–61.
- Wu, Tim (April 12, 2013). "Book Review: To Save Everything, Click Here by Evgeny Morozov". The Washington Post.
- "Michael Meyer, "Evgeny vs. the Internet".". CJR. Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
- George Packer, "Change the World". The New Yorker, May 27, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Evgeny Morozov.|
- Personal website
- Net.Effect, Morozov's blog at Foreign Policy magazine
- netdelusion.com, the Net Delusion book site (includes excerpts and additional information about the book)
- Video (with mp3 available) of discussion about cyber-war and social media with Morozov and Ethan Zuckerman on Bloggingheads.tv
- "The Digital Dictatorship" in The Wall Street Journal, 2010-2-20.
- "Texting Toward Utopia: Does the internet spread democracy?" in Boston Review (March/April 2009)
- "Cyber-Scare: The exaggerated fears over digital warfare" in Boston Review (July/Aug 2009)
- "Edit This Page: Is it the End of Wikipedia?" in Boston Review (Nov/Dec 2009)
- "The Internet in Society: Empowering and Censoring Citizen?", an animated talk presented by the RSA
- "TED Talks: How the Net aids dictatorships", Morozov's TED talk
- "Twitter Can't Save You", review of The Net Delusion in The New York Times
- "Caught in the net", review of The Net Delusion in The Economist
- "Political Repression 2.0", Morozov's oped in The New York Times
- "Form and Fortune: Steve Jobs's pursuit of perfection—and the consequences", Morozov's essay in The New Republic
- Evgeny Morozov curbs Web enthusiasm: Evgeny Morozov, in warning of 'iPod liberalism' at a TED conference and taking on tech giants in the New Republic and elsewhere, is a leading cyberskeptic. By James Rainey, Los Angeles Times. June 21, 2012