Evolvulus alsinoides

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Evolvulus alsinoides
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Evolvulus
E. alsinoides
Binomial name
Evolvulus alsinoides
(L,) L.
  • E. a. var. alsinoides
  • E. a. var. decumbens
  • E. a. var. rotundifolia

Evolvulus alsinoides, commonly known as dwarf morning-glory and slender dwarf morning-glory, is flowering plant from the family Convolvulaceae. It has a natural pantropical distribution encompassing tropical and warm-temperate regions of Australasia, Indomalaya, Polynesia, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas.[1]

It was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus as Convolvulus alsinoides.[2][3] In 1762, he transferred it to the new genus, Evolvulus.[2][4]


Flower detail

It is a herbaceous plant, annual or perennial with numerous prostrate or ascending stems, slender, with appressed and spreading hairs. The leaves, petiolate or subsessile, are 0.7 to 2.5 cm long and 5 to 10 mm long.

The flowers are isolated or grouped in pauciflorous cymes, borne by filiform peduncles, 2.5 to 3.5 cm long. The calyx is formed by villous, lanceolate sepals 3 to 4 mm long. The rounded corolla, with pentameric symmetry, blue in color, rarely white, is 7 to 10 mm in diameter. The stamens, with filiform filaments, are united at the base of the corolla tube. The ovary, glabrous, is surmounted by two free styles. The fruit is a globular capsule, with four valves, generally containing four seeds that are black and smooth.


The species inhabits a wide range of habitats, from marshland and wet forests to deserts. A number of varieties and subspecies are recognised. It may become a weed in some situations. It is one of the plants included in Dasapushpam, the ten sacred flowers of Kerala.[citation needed]


This herb used in traditional medicine of East Asia for its purported psychotropic and nootropic properties.[5] although such claims are not medically verified.

Chemical compounds isolated from E. alsinoides include scopoletin, umbelliferone, scopolin and 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-butanetetrol.[6]


  1. ^ "Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L." Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Evolvolus alsinoides". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  3. ^ Linnaeus, C. (1 May 1753). "Petnandria Monogynia". Species Plantarum. 1: 157.
  4. ^ Linnaeus, C. (1762), Species Plantarum Edn. 2, 1: 392
  5. ^ Amritpal Singh (2008). "Review of Ethnomedicinal Uses and Pharmacology of Evolvulus alsinoides Linn". Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 12: 734–740.
  6. ^ Cervenka F, Koleckar V, Rehakova Z, Jahodar L, Kunes J, Opletal L, Hyspler R, Jun D, Kuca K (2008). "Evaluation of natural substances from Evolvulus alsinoides L. with the purpose of determining their antioxidant potency". J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 23 (4): 574–578. doi:10.1080/14756360701674421. PMID 18666003.

External links[edit]