Ewan Birney

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Ewan Birney
Dr Ewan Birney FRS.jpg
Ewan Birney in 2014, portrait via the Royal Society
Born Ewan John Frederick William Birney[1][2][3]
1972 (age 42–43)[4][5]
Paddington, London[4]
Alma mater
Thesis Sequence alignment in bioinformatics (2000)
Doctoral advisor Richard Durbin[7]
Doctoral students
Other notable students Mikhail Spivakov (postdoc)[21][22][23]
Known for
Notable awards
Spouse Barley Birney (née Laycock) (m. 2003)[4][38]
Children Two[4]

Ewan John Frederick William Birney (born 1972)[4][5] FRS[35] FMedSci[37] is joint Director with Rolf Apweiler of the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI),[39][40][41][42] part of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Hinxton, Cambridgeshire. He is also an Associate Faculty member at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute[43] and an Honorary Professor of Bioinformatics at the University of Cambridge.[44]


Birney was educated at Eton College where he studied A-levels in Maths, Biology, Chemistry and Art.[4][45] Before going to university, Birney completed a gap year internship at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory supervised by James Watson[5][31] and Adrian Krainer.[31][46][47] He acted as a bookmaker to the genomics community, taking bets on estimates of the total number of genes (and so-called "junk DNA"[48]) in the human genome.[31][49][50]

Birney completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in Biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford in 1996[4][5][51] followed by a PhD at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, supervised by Richard Durbin[7] as postgraduate student of St John's College, Cambridge.[52][53] During his study he completed an internship in financial services in the City of London for the Swiss Bank Corporation.[31][45]


Birney is one of the founders of the Ensembl genome browser and other databases, and has played a key role in many large-scale genomics projects, notably the sequencing of the Human Genome in 2000 and the analysis of genome function in the ENCODE project.[50][54] He has played a role in annotating the genome sequences of the human,[55] mouse,[56] chicken[57] and several other organisms. His research group focuses on genomic algorithms and inter-individual differences in human and other animal species.[38][39][42][48][58][59][60][61][62][63]

Birney is known for his role in the ENCODE consortium.[6][50][64][65][66][67][68][69] Prior to the ENCODE project, Birney has been involved in the creation of a number of widely used bioinformatics and computational biology tools, either directly (PairWise,[25] GeneWise,[26] GenomeWise,[27]), or in collaboration with students and postdocs, e.g. Exonerate[28] (with Guy Slater), Enredo (Javier Herrero[70]), Pecan (Benedict Paten[15]), the Velvet assembler (Daniel Zerbino[71]) and CRAM (Markus Hsi-Yang Fritz,[10] Rasko Leinonen[72] and Vadim Zalunin). Birney has also contributed to several other projects including the Pfam[73] database, InterPro,[74] BioPerl,[75][76] and HMMER[77] and Ensembl[78] toolkits.

Birney's research group currently[when?] focuses on genomic algorithms and studying inter individual differences, in both human and other species. He has supervised several PhD students and postdocs that have worked in his laboratory.[8][10][11][13][15][16][17][20][79] This research has been funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Medical Research Council (MRC)[80] the Wellcome Trust and the European Union.[81] Birney is also a consultant to Oxford Nanopore Technologies[82] and on the scientific advisory board of The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) in Norwich.[83][84]

Awards and honours[edit]

Birney has won several awards: In 2003, he gave the inaugural Francis Crick Lecture at the Royal Society:

In 2005, Birney was awarded the Overton Prize by the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB):

In 2005 Birney was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Award in Bioinformatics:

Birney was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2014.[2] His certificate of election and candidature reads

In 2015, Birney was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci). His citation on election reads:

In 2014, Birney was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science degree from Brunel University London in recognition of his service to science.[86] In 2002, Birney was named as one of the MIT Technology Review TR100 top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35:[87] Birney is an elected member of the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO).[34]

Personal life[edit]

Birney is married to Barley Birney (née Laycock)[38] with two children.[4] He appeared on a special Christmas edition of University Challenge in 2014 representing Balliol College, Oxford with Charlotte Higgins and Alan Beith.[88]


  1. ^ "Ewan John Frederick William Birney". Oxford University Gazette (Oxford University Press) 124 (4305). 1993-11-04. Archived from the original on 2015-06-16. 
  2. ^ a b "Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015". Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-07-15. 
  3. ^ Entry at ORCID
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h BIRNEY, Dr Ewan. Who's Who 2015 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  5. ^ a b c d Hopkin, Karen (June 2005). "Bring Me Your Genomes: The Ewan Birney Story". The Scientist 19 (11): 60. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  6. ^ a b Ewan Birney's publications indexed by Google Scholar, a service provided by Google
  7. ^ a b Birney, Ewan (2000). Sequence alignment in bioinformatics (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 894597337. 
  8. ^ a b Ettwiller, Laurence (2004). Computational Investigations into cis-Regulation in Eukaryotes (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  9. ^ Ettwiller, L. M.; Rung, J.; Birney, E. (2003). "Discovering Novel cis-Regulatory Motifs Using Functional Networks". Genome Research 13 (5): 883–895. doi:10.1101/gr.866403. PMC 430934. PMID 12727907. 
  10. ^ a b c Fritz, Markus (2011). Exploiting high throughput DNA sequencing data for genomic analysis (PDF) (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  11. ^ a b Hoffman, Michael (2008). Quantifying evolution and natural selection in vertebrate noncoding sequence (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  12. ^ Hoffman, M. M.; Birney, E. (2006). "Estimating the Neutral Rate of Nucleotide Substitution Using Introns". Molecular Biology and Evolution 24 (2): 522–531. doi:10.1093/molbev/msl179. PMID 17122369. 
  13. ^ a b Meynert, Alison (2009). Function and evolution of regulatory elements in vertebrates (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  14. ^ Meynert, A.; Birney, E. (2006). "Picking Pyknons out of the Human Genome". Cell 125 (5): 836–838. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.05.019. PMID 16751093. 
  15. ^ a b c Paten, Ben (2006). Large-scale multiple alignment and transcriptionally associated pattern discovery in vertebrate genomes (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  16. ^ a b Ruklisa, Dace (2015). Large Scale Genomic Association Studies in Fruit Fly and Human (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  17. ^ a b Timmer, Sander Willem (2015). Understanding the epigenome using system genetics (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge.  open access publication - free to read
  18. ^ "Sander Timmer – PhD candidate in Biological Sciences". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. 
  19. ^ Ding, Z.; Ni, Y.; Timmer, S. W.; Lee, B. K.; Battenhouse, A.; Louzada, S.; Yang, F.; Dunham, I.; Crawford, G. E.; Lieb, J. D.; Durbin, R.; Iyer, V. R.; Birney, E. (2014). "Quantitative Genetics of CTCF Binding Reveal Local Sequence Effects and Different Modes of X-Chromosome Association". PLoS Genetics 10 (11): e1004798. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004798. 
  20. ^ a b Zerbino, Daniel (2009). Genome assembly and comparison (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. 
  21. ^ Spivakov, M.; Akhtar, J.; Kheradpour, P.; Beal, K.; Girardot, C.; Koscielny, G.; Herrero, J.; Kellis, M.; Furlong, E. E.; Birney, E. (2012). "Analysis of variation at transcription factor binding sites in Drosophila and humans". Genome Biology 13 (9): R49. doi:10.1186/gb-2012-13-9-r49. PMC 3491393. PMID 22950968. 
  22. ^ "Ewan's Blog; bioinformatician at large: ENCODE: My own thoughts". Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. 
  23. ^ Junion, G.; Spivakov, M.; Girardot, C.; Braun, M.; Gustafson, E.  H.; Birney, E.; Furlong, E. E. M. (2012). "A Transcription Factor Collective Defines Cardiac Cell Fate and Reflects Lineage History". Cell 148 (3): 473–486. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.01.030. PMID 22304916. 
  24. ^ Hubbard, T.; Barker, D.; Birney, E.; Cameron, G.; Chen, Y.; Clark, L.; Cox, T.; Cuff, J.; Curwen, V.; Down, T.; Durbin, R.; Eyras, E.; Gilbert, J.; Hammond, M.; Huminiecki, L.; Kasprzyk, A.; Lehvaslaiho, H.; Lijnzaad, P.; Melsopp, C.; Mongin, E.; Pettett, R.; Pocock, M.; Potter, S.; Rust, A.; Schmidt, E.; Searle, S.; Slater, G.; Smith, J.; Spooner, W.; Stabenau, A. (2002). "The Ensembl genome database project". Nucleic Acids Research 30 (1): 38–41. doi:10.1093/nar/30.1.38. PMC 99161. PMID 11752248. 
  25. ^ a b Birney, E.; Thompson, J.; Gibson, T. (1996). "PairWise and SearchWise: Finding the optimal alignment in a simultaneous comparison of a protein profile against all DNA translation frames". Nucleic Acids Research 24 (14): 2730–2739. doi:10.1093/nar/24.14.2730. PMC 145991. PMID 8759004. 
  26. ^ a b Birney, E.; Durbin, R. (2000). "Using GeneWise in the Drosophila annotation experiment". Genome Research 10 (4): 547–548. doi:10.1101/gr.10.4.547. PMC 310858. PMID 10779496. 
  27. ^ a b Birney, E.; Clamp, M.; Durbin, R. (2004). "GeneWise and Genomewise". Genome Research 14 (5): 988–995. doi:10.1101/gr.1865504. PMC 479130. PMID 15123596. 
  28. ^ a b Slater, G.; Birney, E. (2005). "Automated generation of heuristics for biological sequence comparison". BMC Bioinformatics 6: 31. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-6-31. PMC 553969. PMID 15713233. 
  29. ^ ENCODE Project Consortium, Birney E, Stamatoyannopoulos JA, Dutta A, Guigó R, Gingeras TR, Margulies EH, Weng Z, Snyder M, Dermitzakis ET; et al. (2007). "Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project". Nature 447 (7146): 799–816. Bibcode:2007Natur.447..799B. doi:10.1038/nature05874. PMC 2212820. PMID 17571346. 
  30. ^ a b Birney, Ewan (2014). "Ewan Birney's homepage". European Bioinformatics Institute. Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "The Life Scientific, Ewan Birney interviewed by Jim Al-Khalili". 2013-06-11. , BBC Radio 4
  32. ^ a b http://royalsociety.org/Content.aspx?id=3479 Royal Society article Recent Crick lectures[dead link]
  33. ^ a b "ISCB Newsletter 8-2 Dr. Ewan Birney Named as the 2005 Overton Prize Winner!". Archived from the original on 28 February 2012. 
  34. ^ a b "The EMBO Pocket Directory" (PDF). European Molecular Biology Organization. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. 
  35. ^ a b c "Dr Ewan Birney FRS". 
  36. ^ https://www.ebi.ac.uk/about/news/press-releases/ewan-birney-FRS
  37. ^ a b c "Dr Ewan Birney FRS FMedSci". London: Academy of Medical Sciences. Archived from the original on 2015-07-06.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "fmedsci" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  38. ^ a b c Pennisi, Elizabeth (2012). "Profile of Ewan Birney: Genomics' Big Talker". Science 337 (6099): 1167–1169. doi:10.1126/science.337.6099.1167. PMID 22955814. 
  39. ^ a b Ewan Birney publications from Europe PubMed Central
  40. ^ Ewan Birney on Twitter
  41. ^ Parkhill, J; Birney, E; Kersey, P (2010). "Genomic information infrastructure after the deluge". Genome Biology 11 (7): 402. doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-7-402. PMC 2926780. PMID 20670392. 
  42. ^ a b Kellis, M; Wold, B; Snyder, M. P.; Bernstein, B. E.; Kundaje, A; Marinov, G. K.; Ward, L. D.; Birney, E; Crawford, G. E.; Dekker, J; Dunham, I; Elnitski, L. L.; Farnham, P. J.; Feingold, E. A.; Gerstein, M; Giddings, M. C.; Gilbert, D. M.; Gingeras, T. R.; Green, E. D.; Guigo, R; Hubbard, T; Kent, J; Lieb, J. D.; Myers, R. M.; Pazin, M. J.; Ren, B; Stamatoyannopoulos, J. A.; Weng, Z; White, K. P.; Hardison, R. C. (2014). "Defining functional DNA elements in the human genome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (17): 6131–6138. Bibcode:2014PNAS..111.6131K. doi:10.1073/pnas.1318948111. PMC 4035993. PMID 24753594. 
  43. ^ "Sanger Faculty". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. 
  44. ^ "Honorary Professors". Cambridge University Reporter (University of Cambridge) CXLV (5). 2014-12-12. Archived from the original on 2015-03-15. 
  45. ^ a b "Dr Ewan Birney FRS". thescientific23.com. Archived from the original on 2015-07-06. 
  46. ^ Birney, E.; Kumar, S.; Krainer, A. (1992). "A putative homolog of U2AF65 in S. Cerevisiae". Nucleic Acids Research 20 (17): 4663. doi:10.1093/nar/20.17.4663. PMC 334203. PMID 1408772. 
  47. ^ "Ewan Birney: 'There is a mistaken view that scientists are unemotional people | Science | The Observer 10th February 2013". The Guardian (London). 2013-02-10. 
  48. ^ a b Hall, Stephen S. (2012). "Journey to the genetic interior. What was once known as junk DNA turns out to hold hidden treasures, says computational biologist Ewan Birney". Scientific American 307 (4): 80–82, 84. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1012-80. PMID 23029896. 
  49. ^ Pertea, M.; Salzberg, S. L. (2010). "Between a chicken and a grape: Estimating the number of human genes". Genome Biology 11 (5): 206. doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-5-206. PMC 2898077. PMID 20441615. 
  50. ^ a b c Graur, D.; Zheng, Y.; Price, N.; Azevedo, R. B. R.; Zufall, R. A.; Elhaik, E. (2013). "On the Immortality of Television Sets: "Function" in the Human Genome According to the Evolution-Free Gospel of ENCODE". Genome Biology and Evolution 5 (3): 578–590. doi:10.1093/gbe/evt028. PMC 3622293. PMID 23431001. 
  51. ^ "The age of the genome, Ewan Birney in Floreat Domus". Archived from the original on 28 February 2012. Balliol College newspaper
  52. ^ "EBI's Ewan Birney: Quest for the Genomic Dragons".  Science Watch Newsletter Interview
  53. ^ Smaglik, Paul (2012). "Turning point: Ewan Birney". Nature 482 (7383): 123–728. doi:10.1038/nj7383-123a. 
  54. ^ "ENCODE: Encyclopedia of DNA Elements" on YouTube
  55. ^ Lander, E. S.; Linton, M.; Birren, B.; Nusbaum, C.; Zody, C.; Baldwin, J.; Devon, K.; Dewar, K.; Doyle, M.; Fitzhugh, W.; Funke, R.; Gage, D.; Harris, K.; Heaford, A.; Howland, J.; Kann, L.; Lehoczky, J.; Levine, R.; McEwan, P.; McKernan, K.; Meldrim, J.; Mesirov, J. P.; Miranda, C.; Morris, W.; Naylor, J.; Raymond, C.; Rosetti, M.; Santos, R.; Sheridan, A.; et al. (Feb 2001). "Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome". Nature 409 (6822): 860–921. Bibcode:2001Natur.409..860L. doi:10.1038/35057062. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 11237011. 
  56. ^ Chinwalla, A. T.; Waterston, L. L.; Lindblad-Toh, K. D.; Birney, G. A.; Rogers, L. A.; Abril, R. S.; Agarwal, T. A.; Agarwala, L. W.; Ainscough, E. R.; Alexandersson, J. D.; An, T. L.; Antonarakis, W. E.; Attwood, J. O.; Baertsch, M. N.; Bailey, K. H.; Barlow, C. S.; Beck, T. C.; Berry, B.; Birren, J.; Bloom, E.; Bork, R. H.; Botcherby, M. C.; Bray, R. K.; Brent, S. P.; Brown, P.; Brown, E.; Bult, B.; Burton, T.; Butler, D. G.; Campbell, J. (2002). "Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome". Nature 420 (6915): 520–562. Bibcode:2002Natur.420..520W. doi:10.1038/nature01262. PMID 12466850. 
  57. ^ Eyras, E.; Reymond, A.; Castelo, R.; Bye, J. M.; Camara, F.; Flicek, P.; Huckle, E. J.; Parra, G.; Shteynberg, D. D.; Wyss, C.; Rogers, J.; Antonarakis, S. E.; Birney, E.; Guigo, R.; Brent, M. R. (2005). "Gene finding in the chicken genome". BMC Bioinformatics 6: 131. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-6-131. PMC 1174864. PMID 15924626. 
  58. ^ "Churchill College: Biographies: Ewan Birney". Archived from the original on 28 February 2012. 
  59. ^ Goldman, N.; Bertone, P.; Chen, S.; Dessimoz, C.; Leproust, E. M.; Sipos, B.; Birney, E. (2013). "Towards practical, high-capacity, low-maintenance information storage in synthesized DNA". Nature 494 (7435): 77–80. Bibcode:2013Natur.494...77G. doi:10.1038/nature11875. PMC 3672958. PMID 23354052. 
  60. ^ An Interview with Ewan Birney: Keynote Speaker at O'Reilly's Bioinformatics Technology Conference, O'Reilly Media
  61. ^ Ewan Birney's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier.
  62. ^ Jupp, S; Malone, J; Bolleman, J; Brandizi, M; Davies, M; Garcia, L; Gaulton, A; Gehant, S; Laibe, C; Redaschi, N; Wimalaratne, S. M.; Martin, M; Le Novère, N; Parkinson, H; Birney, E; Jenkinson, A. M. (2014). "The EBI RDF platform: Linked open data for the life sciences". Bioinformatics 30 (9): 1338–9. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btt765. PMC 3998127. PMID 24413672. 
  63. ^ Marti-Solano, M; Birney, E; Bril, A; Della Pasqua, O; Kitano, H; Mons, B; Xenarios, I; Sanz, F (2014). "Integrative knowledge management to enhance pharmaceutical R&D". Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 13 (4): 239–40. doi:10.1038/nrd4290. PMID 24687050. 
  64. ^ Kellis, M; Wold, B; Snyder, M. P.; Bernstein, B. E.; Kundaje, A; Marinov, G. K.; Ward, L. D.; Birney, E; Crawford, G. E.; Dekker, J; Dunham, I; Elnitski, L. L.; Farnham, P. J.; Feingold, E. A.; Gerstein, M; Giddings, M. C.; Gilbert, D. M.; Gingeras, T. R.; Green, E. D.; Guigo, R; Hubbard, T; Kent, J; Lieb, J. D.; Myers, R. M.; Pazin, M. J.; Ren, B; Stamatoyannopoulos, J; Weng, Z; White, K. P.; Hardison, R. C. (2014). "Reply to Brunet and Doolittle: Both selected effect and causal role elements can influence human biology and disease". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111 (33): E3366. Bibcode:2014PNAS..111E3366K. doi:10.1073/pnas.1410434111. PMC 4143047. PMID 25275169. 
  65. ^ Birney, E. (2012). "The making of ENCODE: Lessons for big-data projects". Nature 489 (7414): 49–51. Bibcode:2012Natur.489...49B. doi:10.1038/489049a. PMID 22955613. 
  66. ^ Dunham, I.; Bernstein, A.; Birney, S. F.; Dunham, P. J.; Green, C. A.; Gunter, F.; Snyder, C. B.; Frietze, S.; Harrow, J.; Kaul, R.; Khatun, J.; Lajoie, B. R.; Landt, S. G.; Lee, B. K.; Pauli, F.; Rosenbloom, K. R.; Sabo, P.; Safi, A.; Sanyal, A.; Shoresh, N.; Simon, J. M.; Song, L.; Trinklein, N. D.; Altshuler, R. C.; Birney, E.; Brown, J. B.; Cheng, C.; Djebali, S.; Dong, X.; Dunham, I. (2012). "An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome". Nature 489 (7414): 57–74. Bibcode:2012Natur.489...57T. doi:10.1038/nature11247. PMC 3439153. PMID 22955616. 
  67. ^ ENCODE Project Consortium (2011). Becker PB, ed. "A User's Guide to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE)". PLOS Biology 9 (4): e1001046. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001046. PMC 3079585. PMID 21526222.  open access publication - free to read
  68. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  69. ^ Ewan Birney's publications indexed by the DBLP Bibliography Server at the University of Trier
  70. ^ Paten, B.; Herrero, J.; Beal, K.; Fitzgerald, S.; Birney, E. (2008). "Enredo and Pecan: Genome-wide mammalian consistency-based multiple alignment with paralogs". Genome Research 18 (11): 1814–1828. doi:10.1101/gr.076554.108. PMC 2577869. PMID 18849524.  open access publication - free to read
  71. ^ Zerbino, D. R.; Birney, E. (2008). "Velvet: Algorithms for de novo short read assembly using de Bruijn graphs". Genome Research 18 (5): 821–829. doi:10.1101/gr.074492.107. PMC 2336801. PMID 18349386. 
  72. ^ Leinonen, R.; Akhtar, R.; Birney, E.; Bonfield, J.; Bower, L.; Corbett, M.; Cheng, Y.; Demiralp, F.; Faruque, N.; Goodgame, N.; Gibson, R.; Hoad, G.; Hunter, C.; Jang, M.; Leonard, S.; Lin, Q.; Lopez, R.; Maguire, M.; McWilliam, H.; Plaister, S.; Radhakrishnan, R.; Sobhany, S.; Slater, G.; Ten Hoopen, P.; Valentin, F.; Vaughan, R.; Zalunin, V.; Zerbino, D.; Cochrane, G. (2009). "Improvements to services at the European Nucleotide Archive". Nucleic Acids Research 38 (Database issue): D39–D45. doi:10.1093/nar/gkp998. PMC 2808951. PMID 19906712. 
  73. ^ Bateman, A.; Birney, E.; Cerruti, L.; Durbin, R.; Etwiller, L.; Eddy, S.; Griffiths-Jones, S.; Howe, K.; Marshall, M.; Sonnhammer, E. L. (2002). "The Pfam protein families database". Nucleic Acids Research 30 (1): 276–280. doi:10.1093/nar/30.1.276. PMC 99071. PMID 11752314. 
  74. ^ Apweiler, R.; Attwood, T. K.; Bairoch, A.; Bateman, A.; Birney, E.; Biswas, M.; Bucher, P.; Cerutti, L.; Corpet, F.; Croning, M. D.; Durbin, R.; Falquet, L.; Fleischmann, W.; Gouzy, J.; Hermjakob, H.; Hulo, N.; Jonassen, I.; Kahn, D.; Kanapin, A.; Karavidopoulou, Y.; Lopez, R.; Marx, B.; Mulder, N. J.; Oinn, T. M.; Pagni, M.; Servant, F.; Sigrist, C. J.; Zdobnov, E. M. (2001). "The InterPro database, an integrated documentation resource for protein families, domains and functional sites". Nucleic Acids Research 29 (1): 37–40. doi:10.1093/nar/29.1.37. PMC 29841. PMID 11125043. 
  75. ^ Stajich, J. E.; Block, D.; Boulez, K.; Brenner, S.; Chervitz, S.; Dagdigian, C.; Fuellen, G.; Gilbert, J.; Korf, I.; Lapp, H.; Lehväslaiho, H.; Matsalla, C.; Mungall, C. J.; Osborne, B. I.; Pocock, M. R.; Schattner, P.; Senger, M.; Stein, L. D.; Stupka, E.; Wilkinson, M. D.; Birney, E. (2002). "The BioPerl Toolkit: Perl Modules for the Life Sciences". Genome Research 12 (10): 1611–1618. doi:10.1101/gr.361602. PMC 187536. PMID 12368254. 
  76. ^ "Ewan Birney - BioPerl". Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. 
  77. ^ Bateman, A.; Birney, E.; Durbin, R.; Eddy, S.; Finn, R.; Sonnhammer, E. (1999). "Pfam 3.1: 1313 multiple alignments and profile HMMs match the majority of proteins". Nucleic Acids Research 27 (1): 260–262. doi:10.1093/nar/27.1.260. PMC 148151. PMID 9847196. 
  78. ^ Flicek, P.; Ahmed, I.; Amode, M. R.; Barrell, D.; Beal, K.; Brent, S.; Carvalho-Silva, D.; Clapham, P.; Coates, G.; Fairley, S.; Fitzgerald, S.; Gil, L.; Garcia-Giron, C.; Gordon, L.; Hourlier, T.; Hunt, S.; Juettemann, T.; Kahari, A. K.; Keenan, S.; Komorowska, M.; Kulesha, E.; Longden, I.; Maurel, T.; McLaren, W. M.; Muffato, M.; Nag, R.; Overduin, B.; Pignatelli, M.; Pritchard, B.; Pritchard, E. (2012). "Ensembl 2013". Nucleic Acids Research 41 (D1): D48–D55. doi:10.1093/nar/gks1236. PMC 3531136. PMID 23203987. 
  79. ^ "EMBL International PhD Programme - completed theses | EBI Training". Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. 
  80. ^ UK Government Research grants awarded to Ewan Birney, via Research Councils UK
  81. ^ "Google Tech Talk 2012-07-12: Human Genetics and Genomics: The Science for the 21st Century by Ewan Birney" on YouTube
  82. ^ Cookson, Clive (2012-02-17). "Oxford Nanopore unveils mini-DNA reader". Financial Times (London). Retrieved 2014-10-20. 
  83. ^ "TGAC new Scientific Advisory Board: a multidisciplinary set of key experts". TGAC Norwich UK. 
  84. ^ Big Data of Pharma – Ewan Birney, Big Data in Biomedicine conference, Stanford University School of Medicine
  85. ^ Bioinformatics Press release Ewan Birney wins the 2005 Benjamin Franklin Award in Bioinformatics
  86. ^ In recognition of his outstanding service to science, Dr Ewan Birney is awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Science , Brunel University London
  87. ^ "2002 Young Innovators Under 35: Ewan Birney, 29". Technology Review. 2002. Archived from the original on 2012-02-28. 
  88. ^ Anonymous (2014). "University Challenge, Christmas 2014 Episode 5 of 10". BBC. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
Janet Thornton
Director of the European Bioinformatics Institute