Ewha Womans University

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Ewha Womans University
Ehwa badge.png
Motto 진(眞)·선(善)·미(美)
Motto in English
Type Private
Established 1886
President Choi, Kyunghee Ph.D.
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Students 19,503[1]
Undergraduates 16,166
Postgraduates 6,102
Location South KoreaSeodaemun, Seoul, South Korea
Campus Urban
Colors Green     
Nickname Idae (이대·梨大)
Website www.ewha.ac.kr
Ewha Womans University
Revised Romanization Ihwa Yeoja Daehakgyo
McCune–Reischauer Ihwa Yŏja Taehakkyo
Main entrance
Ewha campus complex

Coordinates: 37°33′42.72″N 126°56′48.60″E / 37.5618667°N 126.9468333°E / 37.5618667; 126.9468333

Street near Ewha

Ewha Womans University (Hangul이화여자대학교; hanja梨花女子大學校) is a private women's university in Seoul, South Korea founded in 1886 by the American Methodist Episcopal Church. It is the world's largest female educational institute and is one of the most prestigious universities in South Korea.

While the lack of an apostrophe in "Womans University" is unconventional, the use of "Woman's" rather than "Women's" was normal in the past.[2]

Τhe use of "Womans" carries special meaning. The early founders of the college thought that every woman is to be respected; to promote this idea, they chose the word "woman" to avoid lumping students together under the word "women."[3][unreliable source?]


Ewha Womans University traces its roots back to Mary F. Scranton's Ehwa Haktang (Hangul이화학당; hanja梨花學堂) mission school for girls, which opened with one student on May 31, 1886 (Lee, 2001).[4] The name Ewha, which means “Pear Blossoms”, was bestowed by the Emperor Gojong the following year. The campus was covered with them, and historians speculate that a grove of pear trees near Scranton home's inspired the name. The image of the pear blossom is incorporated in the school's logo.

The school began providing college courses in 1910, and professional courses for women in 1925. Immediately following liberation of Korea on August 15, 1945, the college received government permission to become a university. It was the first South Korean university to be officially organized.


  • 1886: First modern educational institute for Korean women, American missionary Mary F. Scranton began classes for women at her home in Jeong-dong, Seoul.
  • 1887: Boguyeogwan offers medical service for women. As Korea’s first hospital exclusively for women, it laid the groundwork for Ewha’s Colleges of Nursing and Medicine, which became the current Ewha Womans University Medical Center.
  • 1910: College courses launched in September The college opened at Ewha Haktang with 15 students; its inaugural class graduated in 1914.
  • 1925: Founding of Ewha College. The college was elevated to Ewha College, making it the first institute of higher education for Korean women.
  • 1935: Campus moves to Sinchon
  • 1946: First Korean university to receive government accreditation. Ewha was accredited by the Ministry of Education, becoming the first accredited four-year university in Korea.
  • 1951: Temporary wartime campus in Busan. Following the outbreak of the Korean War, Ewha opened an evacuee campus in the southern city of Busan on Sept. 1, 1951, with 30 temporary wooden structures and tents.
  • 1977: Korea’s first women’s studies course and established the Korean Women’s Institute to seek development in the discipline.
  • 1986: Ewha’s 100th anniversary of its foundation.
  • 1995: Top marks in national accreditation, named top-ranked school in Comprehensive University Accreditation System conducted by Korean Council for University Education.
  • 1996: Established the world's first engineering college for women
  • 2001: Korea’s first International Studies Division opened, offering all courses in English.
  • 2006: Ewha Global Partnership program
    • Korea’s first degree program for women from developing countries was established.
  • 2007: Ewha-KOICA program started, an MA program for female researchers and public servants from developing countries.
  • 2007: Scranton College self-designed major (undergraduate program) started.
  • 2008: Construction of ECC, Korea’s largest environmentally friendly underground campus facility.
  • 2011: Established an Ewha-Solvay collaboration with multinational chemical corporation Solvay, to build the global headquarters of its R&D center at Ewha.
  • 2012: Center of women’s global education by launching the Ewha Global Empowerment Program to foster female leaders in public and non-government sectors in developing countries.
  • Selected to receive KRW 100 billion over the next 10 years from the Institute for Basic Research.
  • 2016: Center of women’s


The university collaborates with around 830 partners in 64 countries including Australian National University, Cornell University, Freie University of Berlin, Ghent University, Harvard University, Indiana University, King’s College London, Nanyang Technological University, Peking University, University of California, Irvine, University of British Columbia, University of Edinburgh, University of Hong Kong, Uppsala University, and Waseda University.



Graduate schools[edit]


  • Among the women lawmakers appointed to the 19th National Assembly (2012-2016), 27.6% are Ewha alumnae.
  • The only Korean university participating as a partner in the Harvard College in Asia Program (HCAP) and Ewha-Harvard Summer School Program.
  • Produced the 6th highest number of successful candidates in National Judicial Exam and the 7th highest number in Civil Service Exam in 2013(ranked 5th in 2012).
  • First among all private Korean universities in the number of citations per research paper in the 2012 Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities.


  • First in the 2013 Leiden Ranking, a qualitative assessment of faculty research in the world’s top 500 universities.
  • Fifth among all Korean universities in the Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities.
  • First in the nation in Education, Engineering, English Language & Literature, Environmental Engineering, History, Law, Mathematics, Nutritional Science & Food Management, Physics and Sociology.

Distinguished Honorary Ewha Fellows[edit]

Distinguished Fellows of the Ewha Academy for Advanced Studies[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Affiliated facilities[edit]

  • Ewha Womans University Museum
  • Ewha Womans University Natural History Museum
  • Ewha Womans University Medical Center
  • Ewha Institute For Leadership Development
  • Ewha Advanced IT Education Center
  • Ewha School Of Continuing Education
  • Ewha Language Center
  • Ewha Archives
  • Ewha Elementary School
  • Ewha Kindergarten
  • Ewha Kumnan High School
  • Ewha Kumnan Middle School
  • Youngran Information Industry High School
  • Youngran Girl's Middle School


Public transportation[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ewha Information". Ewha Womans University Official Website. 
  2. ^ Compare Texas Woman's University, named in 1957, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, named in 1893, as well as Mississippi Woman's College and Woman's College of the University of North Carolina which have since changed their names.
  3. ^ http://inews.ewha.ac.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=14558
  4. ^ Lee Jeong-kyu. (2001). The establishment of modern universities in Korea and their implications for Korean education policies. In Education Policy Analysis Archives 9 (27)
  5. ^ http://mouonekorea.wordpress.com/2012/04/20/in-the-news-north-korean-defectors-emerge-from-periphery/

External links[edit]