Exacum affine

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Exacum affine
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Exacum
Species: E. affine
Binomial name
Exacum affine
Balf.f. ex Regel

Exacum affine (syn. Exacum socotranum, Exacum gracilipes)[2] known commercially as the Persian violet, is a species of plant in the family Gentianaceae. It is endemic to Socotra, part of Yemen, though its popularity and cultivation around the world have made it an occasional greenhouse weed. Its natural habitat is rocky areas. A small herbaceous biennial plant with dark green, ovate leaves. The small purple flowers have a yellow centre with fragrance.


  1. ^ Knees, S.G., Patzelt, A. & Miller, A. 2013. Exacum affine. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Downloaded on 24 September 2015.
  2. ^ Exacum affine. The Plant List. Accessed on 04 October 2014.