Excel Saga

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Excel Saga
Excel Saga, Volume 1.jpg
Cover of the first manga volume featuring Excel (center) and Il Palazzo (left).
(Ekuseru Sāga)
GenreParody,[1] science fiction, [2] surreal comedy[3]
Written byKōshi Rikudō
Published byShōnen Gahosha
English publisher
MagazineYoung King OURs
Original run1996July 30, 2011
Volumes27 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed byShinichi Watanabe
Produced byShigeru Kitayama
Michihisa Abe
Yuji Matsukura
Written byJigoku Gumi
Music byToshio Masuda
Licensed by
Original networkTV Tokyo
English network
Original run October 7, 1999 March 30, 2000
Episodes26 (List of episodes)
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and manga portal

Excel Saga (Japanese: エクセル♥サーガ, Hepburn: Ekuseru Sāga) is a manga series written and illustrated by Kōshi Rikudō. It was serialized in Young King OURs from 1996 to 2011, and its individual chapters were collected and published in tankōbon volumes by Shōnen Gahōsha. The series follows the attempts of Across, a "secret ideological organization", to conquer the city of Fukuoka as a first step towards world domination. The title character of the series, Excel, is a key member of the group who is working towards completing this goal, while the city is being defended by a shadowy government agency led by Dr. Kabapu.

The manga was adapted into an anime television series by Victor Entertainment, which was taglined Quack Experimental Animation (へっぽこ実験アニメーション, Heppoko Jikken Animēshon). Directed by Shinichi Watanabe and featuring animation from J.C.Staff, the series premiered on TV Tokyo in 1999. TV Tokyo only aired twenty-five of the series' twenty-six episodes, with the finale having been intentionally made too violent, obscene and long for broadcast on Japanese TV. As such, it was only included in the DVD release of the series, although it has since been broadcast in other markets.

The series has enjoyed some critical success coupled with respectable sales.


Believing the World to be corrupt, the secret organization Across plans to conquer the world. The first step in the plan for world domination is to begin by focusing on one city in order to minimize setbacks. Across consists of the leader of the organization, Il Palazzo, and his young adult officers: the enthusiastic and energetically devoted Excel and the soft-spoken and prone to spitting out lots of blood and fainting Hyatt. Excel and Hyatt live in an apartment building in the city, along with their pet dog Menchi, who they have deemed their emergency food supply. Excel and Hyatt are later joined by a snobbish but equally clueless rival officer of Across named Elgala.

Living in the neighboring apartment are three guys: Iwata, Sumiyoshi and Watanabe, who along with apartment neighbor and co-worker Matsuya, work for the Department of City Security. The Department's leader, Dr. Kabapu, also has a grandiose plan on stopping Across; he has the City Security workers dress in Super Sentai-like uniforms and sends them on different missions. Supporting Kabapu is an inventor Gojo Shiouji who likes little girls, and his gynoid Ropponmatsu, who later is deployed as two models.

The series follows the daily interactions among the two groups. Il Palazzo would send the girls on their missions but the results are usually a failure with some explosive or catastrophic damage to the city. Kabapu would send the City Security workers on some equally ridiculous assignment which would also go wrong. Eventually Il Palazzo and Kabapu become aware of each other's manipulations and escalate their plans. Excel finds herself being replaced by an impersonator who heads the ILL Corporation. Massive amounts of money is spent on elections and politics. Eventually the members of Across begin making appeals directly to the City's citizens before Il Palazzo publicly declares the existence of Across and its intentions to the public. Hyatt is captured and Excel and Elgala are later held in an immigrant detention center before being rescued by Il Palazzo, who begins the new phase of his plans.

The anime adaptation introduces some original characters: immigrant worker turned wandering spirit Pedro; alien mascot-like creatures called Puchuu; and The Great Will of the Macrocosm, the last of whom occasionally resets the storyline. The anime director Shinichi Watanabe cameos as an afro-wearing guy named Nabeshin, and a caricature of the manga artist also makes appearances.


The series was created by Rikdo Koshi and based on a dojinshi he had previously created while in high school named Municipal Force Daitenzin (市立戦隊ダイテンジン, Shiritsu Sentai Daitenjin). Excel Saga was created as an evolution of Daitenzin in order to develop the character of Excel, as well as to laugh off the vision of a depressed and pessimistic view of the world.[4][5] Excel Saga is set in Fukuoka City and the names of characters and organisations are derived from local locations and buildings.[6]

Victor Entertainment contacted Shōnen Gahōsha about adapting Excel Saga into an anime, and the two companies approached Rikdo. Shinichi Watanabe was chosen as director. Watanabe added his own alter ego, Nabeshin, and expanded several elements. He says that the Great Will in the manga was "conveyed just as words", and he himself developed its appearance, eventually settling on the "swirling, talking cosmos". He also increased Pedro's role in the story from a single frame in the manga. Watanabe says he was pleased with that aspect of his work, noting that "Pedro's situation was considered unsuitable for broadcast in Japan".[7] The anime production staff was given the freedom to do anything they wanted as long as they kept the theme of the series intact, and Rikdo requested they created a separate timeline. Rikdo would later become influenced by the anime series due to its quick broadcast in comparison to the monthly schedule of the manga.[4] The anime makes frequent use of parody and in-jokes as comedic devices, with each episode having a genre-based theme. This extends to the animation, with several characters designed in the style of other works, such as those by Leiji Matsumoto.[8] Kotono Mitsuishi was chosen to play the role of Excel, and Watanabe was impressed with Mitsuishi's rapid delivery of her lines, saying that "she really pushed herself to the limit and beyond". He also says, "at times she was too fast, and there was plenty of time left to match the lip-synch". In such cases, either he would add new material or Mitsuishi would ad-lib.[7] At first Rikdo felt stunned and uncomfortable at hearing Excel speak, but he called the casting "amazing" and was pleased to hear his favourite voice actors read lines from his work.[4]



The series began serialisation in Japan in 1996 in the monthly anthology Young King OURs and finished in August 2011.[9] The individual chapters began being collected and published in tankōbon format by Shōnen Gahōsha in April 1997 and volume 27 was released on October 29, 2011.[10][11]

Viz Media licensed Excel Saga for an English-language release in North America and the first volume was released on August 13, 2003.[12] Initially the series was published on an approximately bimonthly schedule, however the series had caught up with the Japanese release and the publishing schedule for volume 12 onwards was changed as a result.[13] Volume 27 was released on January 14, 2014.[14] The Viz edition includes a section called Oubliette, which consists of a sound effects guide and production and cultural notes.[6] The series is also licensed for regional language releases in France by Kabuto and in Italy by Dynit.[15][16]


Shinichi Watanabe dressed in the style of his 'Nabeshin' character.

An anime adaption was produced by J.C.Staff and directed by Shinichi Watanabe. Twenty five episodes were broadcast on TV Tokyo between October 7, 1999 and March 30, 2000.[17] At the publisher's request, the anime series follows a different storyline from the manga, however Rikdo was pleased with the adaptation.[18] Victor Entertainment produced the music of the series, which was composed and arranged by Toshio Masuda and directed by Keiichi Nozaki. Director Shinichi Watanabe wrote the lyrics for the opening and closing themes,. The opening theme which were performed by Yumiko Kobayashi and Mikako Takahashi who were credited as The Excel♥Girls . The lyrics for the opening theme Love (Loyalty) (「愛(忠誠心)」, Ai (Chūseishin)) were written "on the train, five minutes before the deadline".[7] The closing theme was Menchi's Bolero of Sorrow (「メンチの哀愁のボレロ」, Menchi no Aishū no Borero) The two themes were released together as a CD single on November 3, 1999.[19]

A twenty-sixth episode, Going Too Far, was deliberately created to be too violent and obscene for broadcast in Japan and was instead included as a DVD bonus. Watanabe commented that it "felt good to go past the limits of a TV series", although he thinks it "is not something that you should do too often".[18] In Japan the series was released on 12 DVDs between March 1, 2000 and January 24, 2001.[20][21]

The series was licensed for an English language release in North America and the United Kingdom by ADV Films and in Australia and New Zealand by Madman Entertainment. The English adaptation initially starred Jessica Calvello, with Larissa Wolcott taking over the role after episode thirteen after Calvello had damaged her voice during production.[22] In North America, ADV released the series on six DVDs between June 11, 2002 and April 8, 2003.[23][24] A complete collection of the series was released on July 6, 2004 as Excel Saga - The Imperfect collection and re-released in different packaging on August 1, 2006 as Excel Saga - Complete Collection.[25][26] In the UK, the series was first released between May 19, 2003 and March 15, 2004.[27][28] A complete box set was later released as Excel Saga - Complete Box Set on July 2, 2007.[29] The UK license for the series expired in January 2008.[30] The series was broadcast on UK TV channel Rapture TV from January 2, 2007.[31]

On October 30, 2010, Excel Saga was re-licensed in North America by Funimation Entertainment, who re-released the complete series to DVD on May 17, 2011.[32]


Several albums were released featuring music from the anime. (Excel Saga - Original Soundtrack Experiment 1 (エクセル・サーガ ― 大いなるサウンドトラック実験1)) was released on January 1, 2000.[33] The album was later released in North America on August 9, 2005.[34] This was followed in Japan by (Excel Saga - Original Soundtrack Experiment 2 (エクセル・サーガ ― 大いなるサウンドトラック実験2 おまけ 寸止め海峡)) on March 23, 2000.[35] A North American release followed on November 1, 2005.[34]


Since its August 2003 release in North America, the manga has been among the 50 top-selling graphic novels on three occasions.[36][37][38]

The English-language reviews of the Excel Saga anime were broadly positive and enthusiastic. Mike Crandol of Anime News Network puts it in the same class as Airplane!, National Lampoon, Tex Avery, and Monty Python, adding that the "combination of character-based humor, outrageous slapstick farce, and a plot that is engaging if only for how weird it is make for a thoroughly enjoyable comedic experience".[8] A contrary opinion is expressed by Joel Pearce from DVD Verdict, who says the series is "occasionally clever and funny," but that "much of it is gratingly obnoxious".[39] Many reviewers express displeasure with middle and later episodes, saying they were "more of the same," that they had stale humor, that they were tiresome, or even painfully unfunny.[39][40][41] Episodes fourteen through sixteen, starring the Ropponmatsus, bear the brunt of this criticism, but several reviewers consider episode seventeen, Animation USA, to be one of the best.[39][41][42][43]

Reviewers also agree that the series suffers from too much filler in its later episodes, with Crandol describing the show as spinning its wheels.[44] Yegulalp reserves his harshest words for the unaired Going Too Far, calling it "pure, idiotic, wretched excess." He goes on to say that the episode has "the feeling of trying to deliberately enrage the audience by resorting to the only tactics left: genuinely offensive subject matter." Joel Cunningham at Digitally Obsessed disagrees, saying that the episode succeeds just in time, "with one of the series' funnier sight gags".[45]

The series generally receives high marks for technical aspects. Cunningham feels the animation is flat-out gorgeous, but Crandol considers it merely above average. In the latter's opinion, its quality wanes as the series progresses and increasingly relies on super-deforming the characters for comedic effect.[41][46] ADV's release earned praise for the quality of the video transfer and the DVD extras (particularly the Vid-Notes).[8][45] Reviewers especially appreciated the English voice acting: Crandol calls it brilliant, and several note that Calvello and Wolcott were each able to capture Mitsuishi's Excel.[8][41][43] Pearce, in contrast, found the English cast to be pretty bad and its Excel to be "dental drill shrill".[39]

Akadot's reviewer of the manga writes that "some of the strange events go on a little too long and do not have the impact that they do animated," but that Rikdo's Excel Saga is "graced with fantastic visuals and a hilarious story," and that the English edition is "a masterpiece of the translator's skill."[47] Barb Lien-Cooper from Comic World News concurs that the manga cannot keep pace with the anime, but she finds Excel herself to be wittier in the manga and that the manga's plots make more sense than the anime's.[48] A reviewer of the French edition also praises Rikdo's work, noting that it is an "...easy read without problems of clarity".[49]


  1. ^ Thordsen, Sean (February 23, 2013). "The Law of Anime Part III: Defending Yourself". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  2. ^ "The Official Website for Excel Saga". Viz Media. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  3. ^ Oppliger, John. "Ask John: What are the Best Anime Comedies of the Past 20 Years?". AnimeNation. Archived from the original on October 12, 2006. Retrieved January 6, 2020. 1999's Excel Saga is a masterpiece of non-stop parody and surreal gags.
  4. ^ a b c "Interview with Rikdo Koshi". Excel Saga DVD Volume 5. ADV Films.
  5. ^ Tei, Andrew (July 4, 2003). "Anime Expo - Press Panel with Koushi Rikudo". Mania.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-11.
  6. ^ a b Koshi, Rikdo (2003). Excel Saga vol.2. Viz media. p. 202. ISBN 1-56931-989-8.
  7. ^ a b c Unattributed (November 2002). "Interview with Excel Saga director Shinichi Watanabe". Newtype USA. 1 (1): 84–8.
  8. ^ a b c d Crandol, Mike (June 17, 2002). "Review - Excel Saga DVD 1". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
  9. ^ "Excel Saga Approaches its Finale After 15 Years".
  10. ^ "エクセル・サーガ 1 (ヤングキングコミックス) (コミック)". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  11. ^ "エクセル・サーガ 27 (ヤングキングコミックス) (コミック)".
  12. ^ "Viz LLC 2003 Press Releases". Archived from the original on July 9, 2003.
  13. ^ Carl Gustav horn. Excel Saga. 11. Viz Media. p. 213. ISBN 1-59116-722-1.
  14. ^ "North American Anime Manga Releases January 12–18".
  15. ^ "Excel Saga" (in French). Kabuto. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  16. ^ "Excel Saga" (in Italian). Dynit. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  17. ^ "「エクセル・サーガ」でのドラマデータベース検索結果". Tvdrama-db.com. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  18. ^ a b Shinichi Watanabe. Excel Saga Volume 3 - Interview with Shinichi Watanabe (DVD). ADV Films.
  19. ^ "愛(忠誠心) [Single]". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  20. ^ "へっぽこ実験アニメーション エクセル・サーガ その1 [DVD]". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  21. ^ "へっぽこ実験アニメーション エクセル・サーガ への12 [DVD]". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  22. ^ "Nan Desu Kan 6". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  23. ^ Beveridge, Chris (May 27, 2002). "Excel Saga Vol. #1". Mania.com. Archived from the original on 2015-04-12. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  24. ^ Beveridge, Chris (April 12, 2003). "Excel Saga Vol. #6". Mania.com. Archived from the original on 2015-04-12.
  25. ^ "Excel Saga - The Imperfect Collection". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  26. ^ "Excel Saga -Complete Collection". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  27. ^ "Excel Saga - Vol. 1 - Episodes 1-5". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  28. ^ "Excel Saga Vol. #6 (Uk)". Mania.com. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  29. ^ "Excel Saga - Complete Box Set". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  30. ^ "ADV Films UK Switches from US-Run Office to UK Partner". Anime News Network. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  31. ^ ADV Films (December 18, 2006). "Excel & Hyatt Crash Rapture Tv in January 2007!" (Press release). London. Archived from the original on 2015-04-12. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  32. ^ "Funimation Adds Excel Saga, Noir, Bubblegum Crisis". Anime News Network. November 3, 2010.
  33. ^ "エクセル・サーガ ― 大いなるサウンドトラック実験 1". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  34. ^ a b "Excel Saga, Vol. 1 [SOUNDTRACK]". Amazon.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  35. ^ "エクセル・サーガ ― 大いなるサウンドトラック実験 2・おまけ 寸止め海峡 [Soundtrack]". Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  36. ^ "Top 50 Graphic Novels Actual--October 2003". ICv2.com. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  37. ^ "Top 50 Graphic Novels Actual--December 2003". ICv2.com. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  38. ^ "Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual--February 2004". ICv2.com. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  39. ^ a b c d Pearce, Joel (September 9, 2004). "Review - Excel Saga: Imperfect Collection". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on October 10, 2006. Retrieved June 20, 2006.
  40. ^ Cunningham, Joel (February 24, 2003). "Excel Saga #5: Secrets and Lies (2000)". Digitally Obsessed. Retrieved June 3, 2006.
  41. ^ a b c d Crandol, Mike (January 14, 2001). "Review - Excel Saga DVD 4". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 1, 2006.
  42. ^ Arnold, Adam (February 2003). "Animefringe Reviews: Excel Saga Vol.4: Doing Whatever It Takes". Animefringe. Retrieved June 12, 2006.
  43. ^ a b Cunningham, Joel (January 13, 2001). "Excel Saga #4: Doing Whatever It Takes (2000)". Digitally Obsessed. Retrieved June 12, 2006.
  44. ^ Crandol, Mike (March 10, 2003). "Review - Excel Saga DVD 5". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 1, 2006.
  45. ^ a b Cunningham, Joel (April 8, 2003). "Excel Saga #6: Going Way Too Far (2000)". Digitally Obsessed. Retrieved June 3, 2006.
  46. ^ Cunningham, Joel (January 14, 2001). "Excel Saga #1: The Weirdness Begins (1999)". Digitally Obsessed. Retrieved June 6, 2003.
  47. ^ "Excel Saga". Akadot. September 16, 2003. Archived from the original on April 4, 2004. Retrieved June 3, 2006.
  48. ^ Lien-Cooper, Barb. "Excel Saga Volume 3". Comic World News. Retrieved June 29, 2003.
  49. ^ Full quotation (in French): "En ce qui concerne la mise en page, celle-ci est particulièrement dynamique avec un enchaînement impressionnant de cases les unes sur les autres et qui laissent, malgré le nombre, une lecture facile et sans problèm de clarté." "Critique de Excel Saga". SciFi-Universe. Retrieved June 8, 2006.

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