A 35-year-old woman with excess abdominal skin and sagging breasts due to weight loss.
The same woman six months after undergoing an abdominoplasty and breast lift.
Excess skin is an effect of surplus skin and fat after expansion during pregnancy or adipositas and following loss of weight. Further reasons can be aging effects, genetic disorders or an intentional expansion for skin reconstruction.
Trude Staalesen: Assessment of Excess Skin and Outcome of Body Contouring Surgery in Post Bariatric Patients. Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 2014 (pdf)