Executive Order 13770
|Executive Order on the Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees|
|Executive Order number||13770|
|Signed by||Donald Trump on January 28, 2017|
|Federal Register details|
|Federal Register document number||2017-02450|
|Publication date||February 3, 2017|
|Directs executive branch employees on a ban on lobbying any government official for two years and the agency they worked in for five years. It also prevents them from ever lobbying the US on behalf of a foreign government or foreign political parties.|
Executive Order 13770, entitled "Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees," is an executive order issued by US President Donald Trump on January 28, 2017, that directs executive branch employees on a ban from becoming a lobbyist for five years.
Ethics Pledge. Every appointee in every executive agency appointed on or after January 20, 2017, shall sign, and upon signing shall be contractually committed to, the following pledge upon becoming an appointee:
As a condition, and in consideration, of my employment in the United States Government in an appointee position invested with the public trust, I commit myself to the following obligations, which I understand are binding on me and are enforceable under law:
1. I will not, within 5 years after the termination of my employment as an appointee in any executive agency in which I am appointed to serve, engage in lobbying activities with respect to that agency.
2. If, upon my departure from the Government, I am covered by the post-employment restrictions on communicating with employees of my former executive agency set forth in section 207(c) of title 18, United States Code, I agree that I will abide by those restrictions.
3. In addition to abiding by the limitations of paragraphs 1 and 2, I also agree, upon leaving Government service, not to engage in lobbying activities with respect to any covered executive branch official or non-career Senior Executive Service appointee for the remainder of the Administration.
4. I will not, at any time after the termination of my employment in the United States Government, engage in any activity on behalf of any foreign government or foreign political party which, were it undertaken on January 20, 2017, would require me to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended.
5. I will not accept gifts from registered lobbyists or lobbying organizations for the duration of my service as an appointee.
6. I will not for a period of 2 years from the date of my appointment participate in any particular matter involving specific parties that is directly and substantially related to my former employer or former clients, including regulations and contracts.
7. If I was a registered lobbyist within the 2 years before the date of my appointment, in addition to abiding by the limitations of paragraph 6, I will not for a period of 2 years after the date of my appointment participate in any particular matter on which I lobbied within the 2 years before the date of my appointment or participate in the specific issue area in which that particular matter falls.
8. I agree that any hiring or other employment decisions I make will be based on the candidate's qualifications, competence, and experience.
9. I acknowledge that the Executive Order entitled 'Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees,' issued by the President on January 28, 2017, which I have read before signing this document, defines certain terms applicable to the foregoing obligations and sets forth the methods for enforcing them. I expressly accept the provisions of that Executive Order as a part of this agreement and as binding on me. I understand that the obligations of this pledge are in addition to any statutory or other legal restrictions applicable to me by virtue of Government service.
Review of order
The executive order directs executive branch employees on a ban on lobbying any government official for two years and the agency they worked in for five years. It also prevents them from ever lobbying the US on behalf of a foreign government or foreign political parties. If someone is found guilty of not complying with the order, they could be barred for another five years on top of the order's five years for a total of ten years. Section 3 provides that the president may grant a waiver to any person of any restriction contained in the pledge. The order does not explain on what grounds a waiver may be granted. The order has a lifetime ban on lobbying for foreign governments.
NPR's Tamara Keith states, "As Trump's team drafted his order on ethics, they appear to have borrowed heavily from the language used in orders signed by both Clinton and President Obama. Obama also pulled from Clinton, in parts and the ethics directive signed by President George W. Bush is nearly identical to the one signed by his father twelve years earlier. But that's less surprising given those were presidents using the language of their predecessor from the same party. Perhaps more importantly, Trump not only seems to be lifting from Democratic presidents' language, but they are presidents he has condemned, including for not draining the swamp." "The story here is not the copying per se, it is the claim Trump has been making that he is doing something really different, new, and righteous when, apparently, in many respects he is actually copying Democrats he so thoroughly condemned as corrupt," said John Woolley, a professor at UC Santa Barbara and co-director of the Presidency Project.
- Office of the Press Secretary (January 28, 2017). "Executive Order: Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved May 18, 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Executive Order 13770 of January 28, 2017 Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees" (PDF). Federal Register. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. January 28, 2017. Archived from the original on February 3, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Trump imposes lifetime ban on foreign govt lobbying for appointees". RT. Moscow: ANO "TV-Novosti". January 29, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Poplin, Cody M. (January 28, 2017). "Executive Order on "Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees"". Lawfare Blog. United States: Blogger. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Executive Order Adds Ethics Commitments for Executive Branch Appointees". Perkins Coie. Seattle: Perkins Coie LLP. January 30, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Executive Order 13770, Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees, Replaces an Obama Executive Order and Imposes New Restrictions". Sidley Austin. Chicago: Sidley Austin LLP. February 14, 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
- Straus, Jacob R. (September 29, 2017). Ethics Pledges and Other Executive Branch Appointee Restrictions Since 1993: Historical Perspective, Current Practices, and Options for Change (PDF). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- Brandon, Alex (January 28, 2017). "Trump's Executive Order On Ethics Pulls Word For Word From Obama, Clinton". NPR. Washington, D.C.: National Public Radio, Inc. Associated Press. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Full text of Executive Order 13770 on WikiSource