California Climate Executive Orders

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The California Climate Change Executive Orders are a series of Executive Orders of the State of California signed by the Governor of California between 2004 and 2018 by Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger and Jerry Brown relating to efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in California.

Summary[edit]

California Climate Change Executive Orders[1]
Date Exec. Order Summary Ref.
April 20, 2004 S-07-04 Hydrogen Transportation: designates the 21 interstate freeways in California as the "California Hydrogen Highway Network" and directs state agencies to plan and build a network of hydrogen fueling stations along these routes by 2010 [2]
December 14, 2004 S-20-04 Green Buildings: state agencies shall reduce energy use in state-owned buildings by 20% in 2015 and increase energy efficiency. [3]
June 1, 2005 S-03-05 Establishes targets for greenhouse gas emission reduction [4]
April 25, 2006 S-06-06 Establishes targets for biofuel production within California and biomass energy production [5]
October 18, 2006 S-20-06 Directs state departments to implement a cap-and-trade program [6]
January 18, 2007 S-01-07 Low Carbon Fuel Standard established [7]
November 14, 2008 S-13-08 Directs state agencies to complete analysis of the effects of sea level rise on California [8]
November 17, 2008 S-14-08 Establishes renewable energy generation share for retail sellers of electricity in California [9]
September 15, 2009 S-21-09 Renewable Energy: coordinates efforts between CARB, PUC, and ISO [10]
March 23, 2012 B-16-12 Directs state agencies to encourage the commercialization of zero emission vehicles, sets goal of 1 million ZEVs by 2020 [11]
April 25, 2012 B-18-12 Efficiency standards for new and remodeled state-owned buildings [12]
April 29, 2015 B-30-15 Sets interim target of greenhouse gas emissions 40% less than 1990 levels by 2030 [13]
July 17, 2015 B-32-15 Sets goals for ZEVs in freight transportation [14]

Individual orders[edit]

S-03-05[edit]

California Executive Order S-3-05[4][15] (June 2005, signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger) sets greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets for the State of California and laid out responsibilities among the state agencies for implementing the Executive Order and for reporting on progress toward the targets.

Specifically, the Executive Order established these targets:

  • By 2010, reduce GHG emissions to 2000 levels
  • By 2020, reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels
  • By 2050, reduce GHG emissions to 80 percent below 1990 levels

The first and second goals were enshrined into law by the legislation known as AB 32, or the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006,[16] which gave the California Air Resources Board broad authority to implement a market-based system (also known as cap-and-trade) to achieve these goals.

B-30-15[edit]

California Executive Order B-30-15[13] (April 2015, signed by Governor Jerry Brown) added the intermediate target of:

  • By 2030, reduce GHG emissions to 40 percent below 1990 levels.

This intermediate target was codified into law by SB 32, which was signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown on September 8, 2016.[17][18] On July 17, 2017, the legislature passed AB 398, which authorized the Air Resources Board to operate a cap and trade system to achieve these emissions reductions.[19][20]

B-55-18[edit]

California Executive Order B-55-18[21] (Sept 2018, signed by Governor Jerry Brown) took the further step of:

  • By 2045, achieve statewide carbon neutrality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Climate Change Executive Orders". State of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  2. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (April 20, 2004). "Executive Order S-07-04". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 22 September 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  3. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (December 14, 2004). "Executive Order S-20-04" (PDF). Governor of California. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2005. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b Schwarzenegger, Arnold (June 1, 2005). "Executive Order S-3-05" (PDF). Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  5. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (April 25, 2006). "Executive Order S-06-06" (PDF). Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  6. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (October 18, 2006). "Executive Order S-20-06". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 13 September 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  7. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (January 18, 2007). "Executive Order S-01-07". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  8. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (November 14, 2008). "Executive Order S-13-08". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 24 November 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  9. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (November 17, 2008). "Executive Order S-14-08". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 24 November 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  10. ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold (September 15, 2009). "Executive Order S-21-09". Governor of California. Archived from the original on 23 November 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  11. ^ Brown, Jerry (23 March 2012). "Executive Order B-16-12". Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  12. ^ Brown, Jerry (25 April 2012). "Executive Order B-18-12" (PDF). Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b Brown, Jerry (29 April 2015). "Executive Order B-30-15". Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  14. ^ Brown, Jerry (17 July 2015). "Executive Order B-32-15". Governor of California. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  15. ^ "California Executive Order S-3-05". State of California, Office of the Governor. June 1, 2005. Archived from the original on 22 September 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  16. ^ California State Assembly. "An act to add Division 25.5 (commencing with Section 38500) to the Health and Safety Code, relating to air pollution". Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 488 p. 3419. direct URL
  17. ^ California State Assembly. "An act to add Section 38566 to the Health and Safety Code, relating to greenhouse gases". Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 249. direct URL
  18. ^ Megreian, Chris; Dillon, Liam (8 September 2016). "Gov. Brown signs sweeping legislation to combat climate change". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  19. ^ California State Assembly. "An act to amend, repeal, and add Sections 38501, 38562, and 38594 of, and to add and repeal Sections 38505.5, 38590.1, 38591.1, 38591.2, 38591.3, 38592.5, and 38592.6 of, the Health and Safety Code, to add Section 4213.05 to, to add Article 3 (commencing with Section 4229) to Chapter 1.5 of Part 2 of Division 4 of, and to repeal Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 4210) of Part 2 of Division 4 of, the Public Resources Code, and to amend Section 6377.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, relating to public resources, and declaring the urgency thereof, to take effect immediately". Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 135. direct URL
  20. ^ Megerian, Chris; Mason, Melanie (17 July 2017). "California Legislature extends state's cap-and-trade program in rare bipartisan effort to address climate change". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  21. ^ "California Executive Order B-55-18" (PDF). State of California. September 10, 2018.

External links[edit]