Executive Yuan

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Executive Yuan
行政院
Xíngzhèng Yuàn (Mandarin)
Hàng-chṳn Yen (Hakka)
ROC Executive Yuan Logo.svg
Executive Yuan logo
Agency overview
Formed25 October 1928 (in mainland China)
10 March 1950 (in Taipei)
Preceding agency
Dissolved1 October 1949 (mainland China)
Superseding agency
JurisdictionGovernment of the Republic of China
HeadquartersNo. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
Employees407
Agency executives
Websiteey.gov.tw
Executive Yuan
Chinese行政院
Literal meaningExecutive Court

The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Its leader is the Premier, who is appointed by the President of the Republic of China, and no longer requires confirmation by the Legislative Yuan.[3] The Premier may be removed by a vote of no-confidence by a majority of the Legislative Yuan, after which the President may either remove the Premier or dissolve the Legislative Yuan and initiate a new election for legislators.[4][5] Like many semi-presidential systems, the head of the Executive Branch is not the President. The Premier is the head of government while the President is the head of state. The President may remove the Premier.[3]

Organization and structure[edit]

Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is headed by the Premier (or President of the Executive Yuan) and includes its Vice Premier, twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio. The Vice Premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the Premier.[6]

Its formation, as one of five branches ("Yuans") of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.

Leaders[edit]

Name Leader
English Name Chinese
Premier 院長 Su Tseng-chang 蘇貞昌院長.jpg
Vice Premier 副院長 Shen Jong-chin Shen Jong-chin 20170919.jpg
Secretary-General 秘書長 Li Meng-yen 李孟諺之肖像.jpg

Ministries[edit]

Name Minister
English Name Chinese
Interior 內政部 Hsu Kuo-yung Hsu Kuo-Yung-02 - by Zil Chang (cropped).jpg
Foreign Affairs 外交部 Joseph Wu 吳釗燮外交部長.jpg
National Defense 國防部 Yen Teh-fa Yen Teh-fa 嚴德發 (20170525 總統端節慰勉憲兵 211、332 營 00:01:36).jpg
Finance 財政部 Su Jain-rong Jain-Rong,Su (cropped).jpg
Education 教育部 Pan Wen-chung 教育部長潘文忠舉行上任後的第一次記者會 05.jpg
Justice 法務部 Tsai Ching-hsiang Tsai Ching-hsiang, Minister of Justice.jpg
Economic Affairs 經濟部 Wang Mei-hua Wang Mei-hua.jpg
Transportation and Communications 交通部 Lin Chia-lung 林佳龍交通部部長.jpg
Labor 勞動部 Hsu Ming-chun Hsu Ming-chun.jpg
Health and Welfare 衛生福利部 Chen Shih-chung Chen Shih-chung (cropped).jpg
Culture 文化部 Lee Yung-te Li Yong-de 2016 (cropped).jpg
Science and Technology 科技部 Wu Tsung-tsong Wu Cheng-Chung (cropped).jpg

Councils and Commissions[edit]

Empowered by various laws or the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs
Name Chair
English Name Chinese

Council of Agriculture

農業委員會 Chen Chi-chung Chen Ji-zhong.jpg
National Development Council 國家發展委員會 Kung Ming-hsin Kung Ming-hsin 20171018.jpg
Mainland Affairs Council 大陸委員會 Chen Ming-tong Chen Ming-tong.jpg
Financial Supervisory Commission 金融監督管理委員會 Huang Tien-mu
Ocean Affairs Council 海洋委員會 Lee Chung-wei 海巡署「南援一號操演」 05 (cropped).jpg
Overseas Community Affairs Council 僑務委員會 Wu Hsin-hsing Wu Hsin-hsing 吳新興 (Voice of America (VOA) Image 美國之音圖像 ED1D80CC-53FD-487C-A718-F81A79C2C0EF w650 r0 s).jpg
Veterans Affairs Council 國軍退除役官兵輔導委員會 Feng Shih-kuan Feng Shih-kuan 馮世寬 (20170308 國家中山科學研究院研發展示館開幕 201703081521581).jpg
Council of Indigenous Peoples 原住民族委員會 Icyang Parod Icyang Parod 2018 (cropped).jpg
Hakka Affairs Council 客家委員會 Lee Yung-te Li Yong-de 2016 (cropped).jpg

Public Construction Commission

公共工程委員會 Wu Tze-cheng Picture of (Wu Ze-cheng, sometimes Wu Tze-cheng) from the website of the Yilan County Government.jpg

Atomic Energy Council

原子能委員會 Hsieh Shou-shing 原能會主委謝曉星.jpg

Independent Commissions[edit]

There are independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. Members of these commissions have to be confirmed by the Legislative Yuan.

Name Chair
English Name Chinese
Central Election Commission 中央選舉委員會 Lee Chin-yung Lee Chin Yung.jpg
Fair Trade Commission 公平交易委員會 Huang Mei-ying
National Communications Commission 國家通訊傳播委員會 Chen Yaw-shyang (acting)

Other organs[edit]

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs
Name Leader
English Name Chinese

Environmental Protection Administration

環境保護署 Chang Tzi-chin Chang Tzi-Chin official portrait EPA.jpg
Central Bank 中央銀行 Yang Chin-long 央行總裁楊金龍.jpg
National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 Wu Mi-cha Wu Mi-cha 2016.jpg
Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics 主計總處 Chu Tzer-ming
Directorate-General of Personnel Administration 人事行政總處 Jay N. Shih

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan[edit]

Former site of Executive Yuan in Presidential Palace Complex (1928-1937)
Former site of Executive Yuan in Gulou District, Nanjing (1946-1949)

Due to government restructuring, some agencies may be dissolved or merged with other agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer agencies under the Executive Yuan:[7]

Dissolved or cease to function[edit]

Ministers without portfolio[edit]

In the Executive Yuan Council, the current ministers without portfolio are:[9]

Executive Yuan Council[edit]

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.

Relationship with the Legislative Yuan[edit]

The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.

Access[edit]

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance east of Taipei Railway Station or west of Shandao Temple Station of the MRT.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mao Chi-kuo named as premier (update)". focustaiwan.tw.
  2. ^ "Taiwan retains most Cabinet members in reshuffle". focustaiwan.tw.
  3. ^ a b 葉耀元 (21 February 2015). "總統制、半總統制、內閣制?台灣到底需要什麼樣的憲政框架?". 菜市場政治學. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  4. ^ Second Amendment of the Constitution of The Republic of China (2005)
  5. ^ Third Amendment of the Constitution of The Republic of China (2005)
  6. ^ a b "Executive Yuan, R.O.C.)-Structure & Functions". Ey.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  7. ^ "Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)-Ministries and Agencies". Ey.gov.tw. 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-24. Retrieved 2014-04-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Premier-designate finalizes his Cabinet lineup - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  10. ^ "Former economics minister to oversee trade negotiations: Cabinet - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".

External links[edit]