Executive actions of the CIA

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Executive actions of the CIA are directives issued to the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States.

History[edit]

The CIA was established in September 1947.[1] Richard Bissell was in charge of Directorate for plans to contain Communism around the world. These operations were called "Black Operations", later known as Executive Actions. It refers to assassination operations.[2] Executive Actions get their power from Article II of the Constitution.[3] Here are different edicts giving power to the president; presidential proclamations to presidential directives. The main ones are executive orders and presidential memoranda. Executive orders have the most power. "It's a document that orders the executive branch officials to do something"[4] A memorandum is a "proposal to persuade", and the president uses these for a more general scope of policy.[5] Executive orders must by law must be published in the Federal Register.

Assassination Orders[edit]

Political leaders disposed because of executive actions include:

In March I960, President Dwight Eisenhower of the United States approved a CIA plan to overthrow Fidel Castro who had established a socialist government in Cuba.[6]

The CIA started to use drone strikes for targeted killing under President George W. Bush in 2001, during the War on Terror.[7] It lost authority to do so by order of President Barack Obama, but regained it again under President Donald Trump.[8]

Executive Order 11905[edit]

The Ford administration forbade assassination in 1976 with Executive Order 11905. A Washington Post article,[citation needed] c. 1989 may have reported that a "secret" ruling of the U.S. Department of State's Office of Legal Advisor had interpreted that Ford's Executive Order only banned intentional killings of foreign leaders, thus clearing the way for "accidental" killings of foreign leaders; for example, during the confusion of a coup or invasion. Since this ruling was one of at least four preceding the U.S. invasion of Panama, some who saw the ruling as giving a green light for Manuel Noriega to be killed "accidentally". Noriega survived the invasion and surrendered to US forces.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CIA: Executive Action". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  2. ^ Escalante Font, Fabián. Executive Action: 634 Ways to Kill Fidel Castro. Melbourne: Ocean Press, 2006.
  3. ^ January 26, Tim Perry CBS News; 2017; Pm, 4:42. "What are executive actions?". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2020-05-26.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ January 26, Tim Perry CBS News; 2017; Pm, 4:42. "What are executive actions?". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2020-05-26.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ January 26, Tim Perry CBS News; 2017; Pm, 4:42. "What are executive actions?". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2020-05-26.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "CIA: Executive Action". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  7. ^ The Story of America's Very First Drone Strike
  8. ^ Trump Restores CIA Power To Launch Drone Strikes