Exeter Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Exeter Township,
Luzerne County,
Pennsylvania
Harding Church of Christ
Harding Church of Christ
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Exeter Township
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Exeter Township
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Luzerne County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Luzerne County
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLuzerne
RegionGreater Pittston
Government
 • TypeSecond Class Township
 • ChairmanDonald Hoffman
Area
 • Total13.47 sq mi (34.90 km2)
 • Land12.99 sq mi (33.66 km2)
 • Water0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
Population
 • Total2,378
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
2,349
 • Density180.76/sq mi (69.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-079-24400

Exeter Township is a township within the Greater Pittston area of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,378 at the 2010 census.[3] Upper Exeter and Harding are two villages in the township.

History[edit]

An old map of Exeter Township, Luzerne County

Early History[edit]

Exeter Township was established in the late 18th century; it’s one of the original townships of Luzerne County. It is believed to be named after Exeter, Rhode Island; the name Exeter derives from the town of Exeter in Devon, England. Exeter Township was later downsized when sections of the community were divided into several newer townships and boroughs (e.g., West Pittston Borough and Exeter Borough).[4]

Revolutionary War[edit]

During the Revolutionary War, the Hardings—a group of settlers—were murdered by a group of Native Americans and British troops on July 1, 1778. The field where these men were at work when they were ambushed and murdered is still part of Exeter Township. Two days later, on July 3, the Wyoming Massacre occurred in what is now Exeter Borough. Hundreds of American settlers were slaughtered by the British and Native Americans.[5] The following year (1779), a scorched earth campaign was conducted by the Americans (who were commanded by Major General John Sullivan). They methodically destroyed many Native American villages (who were loyal to the British); this was partially the result of the Wyoming Massacre. Pennsylvania Route 92, which is the main road in Exeter Township, is roughly the trail of Sullivan's March.

After the war[edit]

In the following decades (after the Revolutionary War), American settlers poured into Exeter. Farming and logging were the primary professions in the township. Sawmills and gristmills were constructed along creeks throughout the community.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.5 square miles (34.9 km2), of which 13.0 square miles (33.7 km2) is land and 0.46 square miles (1.2 km2), or 3.56%, is water. The township lies on the western bank of the Susquehanna River. It is made up of forests and farms. The township contains two major villages: Harding (in the south) and Upper Exeter (in the north). Both villages are located along the only major highway in the township—PA 92 (which runs north to south along the Susquehanna River).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20002,557
20102,378−7.0%
Est. 20162,349[2]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,557 people, 943 households, and 729 families residing in the township. The population density was 198.5 people per square mile (76.7/km2). There were 1,038 housing units at an average density of 80.6/sq mi (31.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 99.30% White, 0.08% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.35% of the population.

There were 943 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the township the population was spread out, with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.0 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $43,600, and the median income for a family was $49,722. Males had a median income of $33,547 versus $25,428 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,134. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Exeter Township is part of Wyoming Area School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Exeter township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/exetertwp.htm
  5. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/exetertwp.htm
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Coordinates: 41°22′00″N 75°49′59″W / 41.36667°N 75.83306°W / 41.36667; -75.83306