Exline, Iowa

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Exline, Iowa
City
Location of Exline, Iowa
Location of Exline, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°39′0″N 92°50′24″W / 40.65000°N 92.84000°W / 40.65000; -92.84000Coordinates: 40°39′0″N 92°50′24″W / 40.65000°N 92.84000°W / 40.65000; -92.84000
Country USA
State  Iowa
County Appanoose
Incorporated June 20, 1904[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Land 0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,020 ft (311 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 160
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 157
 • Density 162/sq mi (62.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52555
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-26310
GNIS feature ID 0456457

Exline is a city in Appanoose County, Iowa, United States. The population was 160 in the 2010 census, a decline from 191 in 2000.[5]

History[edit]

Exline was surveyed by J.J. Hall in 1873 for David Exline, who settled there and established a successful dry-goods business, and it was incorporated in 1904. Initially, the town was known as Caldwell City or Bob Town. The opening of a post office in 1877 forced the town to settle on an official name.[6][7]

Exline grew considerably with the coal boom. United Mine Workers local 812 was organized in Exline in 1899; by 1907, it had 200 members.[8] In 1912, Local 812 had 180 members.[9] In 1906, Exline was home to the Exline Coal Company, with two mine shafts west of town, the Iowa Block Coal Company also had an Exline mine, the White Oak Coal Company had a mine north of town, and the inactive Royal Mine was to the east.[10]

Geography[edit]

Exline's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 40.649922, −92.840059.[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.99 square miles (2.56 km2), all land.[2]

Geologists have named the Exline cyclothem after the town. This rock group extends from Iowa into Illinois and contains the Exline limestone, named after the exposure on a creek bank, 1.5 miles south of the southwest corner of Exline.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 34
1910 660
1920 755 14.4%
1930 437 −42.1%
1940 481 10.1%
1950 342 −28.9%
1960 223 −34.8%
1970 224 0.4%
1980 217 −3.1%
1990 187 −13.8%
2000 191 2.1%
2010 160 −16.2%
Est. 2016 157 [4] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 160 people, 74 households, and 45 families residing in the city. The population density was 161.6 inhabitants per square mile (62.4/km2). There were 85 housing units at an average density of 85.9 per square mile (33.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.4% White and 0.6% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 74 households of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 52.3 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.8% were from 45 to 64; and 28.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 191 people, 72 households, and 49 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.3 people per square mile (74.5/km²). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 81.6 per square mile (31.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.95% White, 0.52% African American and 0.52% Asian.

There were 72 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 114.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,019, and the median income for a family was $19,792. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $19,444 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,896. About 29.8% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Exline, Iowa". City-Data. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  6. ^ Exline, The History of Appanoose County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, 1878, pages 472-473.
  7. ^ Tom Savage, iowa&f=false A Dictionary of Iowa Place Names, University of Iowa Press, 2007; Page 83.
  8. ^ Trade Unions in Iowa, Thirteenth Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa for the period 1906-1907, Des Moines, 1908; page 200.
  9. ^ Tally Sheet, Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Convention of the United Mine Workers of America Jan. 16 – Feb. 2, 1912, Indianapolis; Volume 2, page 182A.
  10. ^ John Verner, Annual Report of the First District, Thirteenth Report of the State Mine Inspectors for the Year Ending June 30, 1906, Des Moines, 1906, pages 18-19.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ Grace C. Keroher, et al, Lexicon of Geologic Names of the United States for 1936-1960, Part I, A-F, U.S. Department of the Interior Geological Bulletin 120, 1966, pages 1305-1306.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

  • City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Exline