|Location||Exmoor, North Devon, England|
Exmoor Zoo is a conservation centre in Exmoor, North Devon, England. The zoo developed from Exmoor Bird Gardens, opened on the site of a farm in 1982. The current owners took over in 1993, and have enlarged and developed the zoo, now specialising in the conservation of smaller animals. The zoo has been a member of BIAZA, the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums, since 1995.
Exmoor Bird Gardens opened on the site of a 7-acre (2.8 ha) farm in 1982, expanding to 12 acres (4.9 ha) in 1985. Financial difficulties led to a change of ownership in 1993, and the new (and still current) owners started refurbishing the run-down bird gardens, also adding a number of animal species to the attractions. The 1995 name change to Exmoor Animal & Bird Gardens coincided with the joining of BIAZA. A further name change, to "Exmoor Zoological Park", took place in 1997, although this has since been shortened to just "Exmoor Zoo". Since then the zoo has expanded and developed further, and the focus has started shifting towards exhibiting larger animals then previously.
Exmoor Zoo cares for 200 species of animals, birds and reptiles.
Among the larger residents are cheetahs, maned wolves, otters and bat-eared foxes. The zoo is home to one of the largest collections of tamarins and marmosets, and also includes howler monkeys, gibbons and Diana monkeys.
One of the zoo's feature attractions, the new enclosure for the "Exmoor Beast", was completed in January 2007 when Ebony arrived. She is a melanistic ('dark-coloured' or 'black') leopard thought to be one of only two in the British Isles available for breeding. The zoo received a male black leopard as a potential mate for Ebony in December 2009. Zoysa came from Linton Zoo, Cambridgeshire, on breeding loan.
There is a large lake, home to penguins, waterfowl and terrapins.
Aviaries hold birds such as South American parrots and great grey owls.
The zoo participates in international, European and national animal breeding programmes, and cooperates with other zoos around the world to exchange animals to ensure their survival.
In the news
Thieves targeted the zoo in March 2006, stealing a number of endangered species. The entire colony of eleven black-tufted marmosets were stolen, the only breeding colony in Britain, wrecking 13 years of the zoo's attempts to protect the highly endangered animals. The thieves' haul also included a pair of white-fronted marmosets, a pair of cockatoos and a pair of amazon parrots. It is believed that the animals were stolen 'to order'. Two of the marmosets have since been recovered.
In September 2006 the zoo acquired a pair of howler monkeys, called Greeb and Wing, to act as a 'burglar alarm'. This move was prompted by the theft of the marmosets earlier in the year. The zookeepers are hoping that the noisy monkeys will be enough to scare off intruders.
- "BIAZA Zoos and Aquariums". biaza.org.uk. BIAZA. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "The Exmoor Beast". Ebony the black leopard. Exmoor Zoo. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- "Our Black Leopard - The "Exmoor Beast"". Exmoor Zoo. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- BBC News story regarding Marmoset Theft
- CBBC Newsround story regarding the howler monkey 'burglar alarm'
- BBC News story regarding blackbirds in artificial tree -- accessed 2009-09-18
- BBC News - albino skunks - June 2006 -- accessed 2011-03-12
Media related to Exmoor Zoo at Wikimedia Commons