Exmouth Lifeboat Station

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Exmouth Lifeboat Station
RNLI lifeboat station
Exmouth lifeboat station and slipway.jpg
Country England
County Devon
Town Exmouth
Location Queen's Drive, EX8 2AY
 - coordinates 50°36′40″N 3°23′56″W / 50.611140°N 3.39893°W / 50.611140; -3.39893Coordinates: 50°36′40″N 3°23′56″W / 50.611140°N 3.39893°W / 50.611140; -3.39893
Founded 1803–1814 first station
1859 second station
2009 present station
Owner Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Exmouth Lifeboat Station is located in Devon
Exmouth Lifeboat Station
Exmouth within Devon

Exmouth Lifeboat Station is the base for Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) search and rescue operations at Exmouth, Devon, England. The first lifeboat was stationed in the town in 1803 and the present station was opened in 2009. In 2014 a new Shannon-class 25-knot all-weather boat (ALB) went on station. Also operated is a D-class (IB1) (IB1) inshore lifeboat (ILB).

History[edit]

The 1859 station

Vessels trying to reach Topsham and Exeter have to negotiate the sandbanks at the mouth of the River Exe. Local people raised funds with the help of Lloyd's of London to purchase a lifeboat in 1803. A boathouse was built near Passage House but this was washed away in a storm in 1814. The RNLI revived Exmouth Lifeboat Station in 1858. A new boathouse was built near the beach, although the lifeboat had to be taken across the road before it could be launched. This boathouse was demolished and a new one built on the same site in 1903 to accommodate a larger lifeboat. The first motor lifeboat at Exmouth arrived in 1933 and a tractor was provided to speed up the movement across the road and beach for launches.[1]

Exmouth received brand new Liverpool-class Maria Noble on 1 October 1953 but it was not named until 1 September 1954. Her first service call was on the evening 19 September 1954 to investigate flashing lights and shouts for help near the Maer Rocks. The lifeboat secretary and coxswain lit up the scene with a car's headlights and they saw the 20-foot (6.1 m) cabin cruiser Nicky which was at anchor but appeared to be sinking. The tide was too low to reach it with the lifeboat, but as soon as the water had risen sufficiently it was launched. Even now the lifeboat touched the bottom in the troughs between waves. The lifeboat took on board all the people from the Nicky and returned to station just 26 minutes after being launched. Coxswain Harold 'Dido' Bradford was awarded the RNLI Bronze Medal for bravery during this rescue.[2]

From 1961 the lifeboat was kept afloat in the river near the entrance to Exmouth docks. A boarding boat was kept on a davit that was lowered into the water to ferry the crew out to the lifeboat. The old lifeboat station by the beach was retained as a fund-raising display centre and, from 1966, was the base for an inshore lifeboat.[1] The building used by crews at the docks was demolished in 1996 and replaced by temporary portable buildings.[3] In 2005 trials were made to consider whether it would be possible to return the all-weather boat to the beach boathouse where it would not be hampered by shallow water in the river when it was needed at low tide. As a result of this it was decided to build a new boathouse further along the beach near the Maer Rocks from where both the ALB and ILB could operate at all states of the tide. The Trent-class was exchanged for a Mersey-class which is small enough to be housed in a boathouse, and the new facility was declared operational on 21 November 2009. The old boathouse was retained as a base for the RNLI lifeguards who work in and around Exmouth.[4]

Will Carder[edit]

A memorial plaque for Will Carder on the 2009 station

William J Carder was born in 1903 and volunteered for the Exmouth lifeboat crew in June 1953. He earned a living running The Volunteer public house. On Christmas Day 1956 he was on board when the Maria Noble was called out to the MV Minerva which was burning distress flares 4 miles (6.4 km) south east of Orcombe Point.

The lifeboat launched at 5:20 pm into a Force 6 to 8 wind and 20-foot (6.1 m) waves. About 10 minutes out a large wave pushed the boat far over onto her side and the radio aerial was also damaged. Will Carder was near the front of the boat with two colleagues at the time and told them that he was going aft to get some shelter. Another large wave then broke over the boat. Although no one saw it happen, this is believed to be when Will Carder was swept overboard. Brian Rowsell was trying to repair the aerial and was knocked into the mast and sustained a head injury. A few minutes later Second Coxswain Jack Phillips was also washed overboard.

Coxswain Harold 'Dido' Bradford took the decision to continue to the ship that was in distress. To turn the lifeboat around to search for the missing men would have been extremely difficult and dangerous in that storm. While the main radio was inoperable, a message was broadcast on the wavelength used by trawlers and this was picked up in Exmouth and relayed to the lifeboat station. A search was got underway along the beaches. Jack Phillips was found staggering in the surf. He was helped up the cliff and taken to hospital. The body of Will Carder was later found nearby.

The lifeboat reached the Minerva at 6:45. They found that the engines had failed and the anchor was barely holding. They stood by until 8 o'clock when the Torbay Lifeboat Geore Shee arrived to take over. Sea conditions made it difficult to return to their station so they sailed instead to Torquay where Brian Rowsell was taken to hospital to have his injuries seen to. The crew stayed here to rest and then returned home at 2 pm on Boxing Day, the RNLI flag flying at half mast.[5]

Description[edit]

The lifeboat station is built at the eastern end of Queen's Drive at the top of the beach. The building contains two separate boathouses for the ILB and ALB and has a short concrete slipway that leads down to the beach. Each boat is kept on a carriage attached to a tractor which propels it down to the water and brings it back after use. A fund-raising shop is situated on the east side, while crew facilities are at first floor level.

Area of operation[edit]

The Shannon-class at Exmouth has an operating range of 250 nautical miles (460 km) and a top speed of 25 knots (46 km/h). Flank all-weather lifeboats are at Weymouth Lifeboat Station to the east, and Torbay to the southwest. Inshore area of operation includes the river Exe up to the city of Exeter. There are also inshore lifeboats at Sidmouth and Lyme Regis to the east and Teignmouth to the southwest.[6]

Fleet[edit]

Pulling and sailing lifeboats[edit]

Dates in service Class ON Name Comments
1803–1814 Greathead-class Lifeboat [7]
1859–1867 Peake-class Victoria [8]
1867–1884 Peake-class Victoria [9]
1884–1903 Peake-class ON 41 Joseph Soames [10]
1903–1933 Peake-class ON 519 Joseph Soames Sold for use as a yacht.[11][12]

Motor lifeboats[edit]

Dates in service Class ON Op. No. Name Comments
1933–1953 35ft 6in Self-righting motor-class ON 767 Catherine Harriet Eaton Sold for use as a yacht.[13][14]
1953–1960 Liverpool-class ON 916 Maria Noble Later stationed at Blackpool.
Sold in 1974; reported in use as fishing boat Jack Sam at Kilrush in 2008.[15][16]
1960–1963 45ft 6in Watson-class ON 749 George and Sarah Strachan Former Dunbar Lifeboat. Sold in 1969 for use as a workboat.[17][18]
1963–1968 46ft Watson-class ON 838 Michael Stephens Originally stationed at Lowestoft.
Sold in 1975 and now working at Newton Ferrers as a pleasure boat.[19][20]
1968–1970 45ft Watson-class ON 847 Gertrude First stationed at Holy Island, later at Shereness and Fowey.
Sold in 1982 and now working as a pleasure boat at Mevagissey.[20][21]
1970–1983 Solent-class ON 1012 48-009 City of Birmingham After service at Exmouth it was stationed at Walton and Frinton.
Sold in 1995 for further use as lifeboat Ades 14 ILC 95 at Puerto de Colonia, Uruguay.[22][23]
1983–1994 Brede-class ON 1088 33-06 Caroline Finch Sold for further uses a lifeboat South Star at Hermanus, South Africa.[24][25]
1994–1996 Waveney-class ON 1045 44-019 Louis Marchesi of the Round Table Previously stationed at Newhaven and Alderney.
Sold in 1999 for further use as lifeboat P&O Nedlloyd Rescue at Waiheke, New Zealand.
Sold out of service, it was reported in use as a houseboat-cruiser in 2008.[26][27]
1996–2008 Trent-class ON 1210 14-12 Forward Birmingham Now in the RNLI's Relief Fleet.[28]
2008–2014 Mersey-class ON 1178 12-21 Margaret Jean
2014–present Shannon-class ON 1310 13-03 R. and J. Welburn

Inshore lifeboats[edit]

Dates in service Class Op. No. Name Comments
1966–1972 D-class (RFD PB16) D-89 [29]
1972–1977 D-class D-214 [30]
1977–1988 D-class (Zodiac III) D-255 [31]
1988–1997 D-class (EA16) D-364 Clubs of the River Exe [32]
1997–2006 D-class (EA16) D-516 Spirit of the Exe [33]
2006-2017 D-class (IB1) D-669 George Bearman
2017-present D-class D-805 George Bearman II

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leach, Nicholas (2009). Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelveheads Press. pp. 6–9. ISBN 978-0-906294-72-7. 
  2. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010). A History of the Exmouth Lifeboats. Wellington, Somerset: Halsgrove. pp. 57–60. ISBN 978-0-85704-073-2. 
  3. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) p.132
  4. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.137–146
  5. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.63–70
  6. ^ Denton, Tony (2009). Handbook 2009. Shrewsbury: Lifeboat Enthusiasts Society. pp. 67–68. 
  7. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.11–14
  8. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.15–20
  9. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.21–26
  10. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.27–32
  11. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp. 33–42
  12. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.6–7
  13. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.43–36
  14. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.16–17
  15. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.57–72
  16. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.22–23
  17. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.73–78
  18. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.14–15
  19. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.79–86
  20. ^ a b Denton, Tony (2009) pp.18–19
  21. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.87–88
  22. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.89–106
  23. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.26–27
  24. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.107–120
  25. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.30–31
  26. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.121–128
  27. ^ Denton, Tony (2009) pp.28–29
  28. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.129–140
  29. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.147–148
  30. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.148–149
  31. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.149–150
  32. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.150–152
  33. ^ Salsbury, Alan (2010) pp.152–156

External links[edit]