In commerce and management, exnovation, an opposite of innovation, can occur when products and processes that have been tested and confirmed to be best-in-class are standardized to ensure that they are not innovated further. Companies that have followed exnovation as a strategy to improve organizational performance include General Electric, Ford Motor Company and American Airlines.
One of the earliest usages of the term came in 1981, when John Kimberly referred to "removal of innovation from an organisation". In 1996 A. Sandeep provided the modern definition of exnovation as the philosophy of not innovating – in other words, ensuring that best-in-class entities are not innovated further. Since then "exnovation" has become a notable parlance in various practices, from management to medicine.
- "Should You "Exnovate" your Product Portfolio? - Tech-Clarity". Tech-Clarity. 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "The Exnovation Conundrum". LDI. 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "The Mother of all Innovations Exnovation". www.4psbusinessandmarketing.com. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "Exnovation! -". www.businessandeconomy.org. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- Kimberly, J.R. (1981) 'Managerial Innovation'. In Nystorm, P.C. and Starbuck, W.H. (eds) Handbook of Organizational Design. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 84–104.
- Rodriguez, H (2016). "The exnovation of chronic care management processes by physician organizations". Milbank Quarterly. 94: 626–53. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12213. PMC 5020147. PMID 27620686.
- Williams, I (2011). "Organizational readiness for innovation in health care: some lessons from the recent literature". Health Serv Manage Res. 24: 213–8. doi:10.1258/hsmr.2011.011014. PMID 22040949.
- Frank, Richard G.; Glied, Sherry A. (2008-04-01). Better But Not Well: Mental Health Policy in the United States since 1950. JHU Press. ISBN 9780801889103.
- "The mother of all innovations - Exnovation". a--sandeep.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "What is 'Exnovation' and Where Does it Fit in the Innovation Life Cycle? | Innovation Management". www.innovationmanagement.se. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
|This business term article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|