Exoprosopa

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Exoprosopa
Bombilidae June 2008-3.jpg
Exoprosopa italica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Asilomorpha
Superfamily: Asiloidea
Family: Bombyliidae
Subfamily: Anthracinae
Tribe: Exoprosopini
Genus: Exoprosopa
Macquart, 1840
Type species
Bibio capucina
Fabricius, 1781
Synonyms
  • Litorhynchus Macquart, 1840
  • Trinaria Mulsant, 1852
  • Argyrospila Rondani, 1856
  • Defilippia Lioy, 1864
  • Litorrhynchus Verrall in Scudder, 1882
  • Exoptata Coquillett, 1887
  • Cladodisca Bezzi, 1922
  • Litomyza Hull, 1973[1]

Exoprosopa is a large cosmopolitan genus of flies belonging to the family Bombyliidae (bee-flies), with over 325 described species.[2] The genus parasitizes a wide range of insects, including locust and larvae of wasps.

Description[edit]

This genus contains the largest bee flies, of about 14 mm, sometimes larger, up to 22 mm, though a few species are as small as 6 mm. The proboscis is short. The head is large and only loosely attached to the thorax. The antenna are small and well separated. Wings are large, with wingspan 40 mm, up to 64 mm in the largest species, nearly always boldly patterned; abdomen patterned (often banded) with white or pale scales on segment 6 and 7 or on each segment. Many species are sexually dimorphic.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Species are found worldwide, however Southern Africa is especially species rich with over 135 species. [2]

Selected Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Catalog Family Bombyliidae Latreille (Catalog - part 3 (Anthracinae)" (PDF Adobe Acrobat). Bishop Museum. 2003. pp. 291–535. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Hull, F.M. (1973). Bee flies of the world. The genera of the family Bombyliidae. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 687 pp. ISBN 0-87474-131-9.