Exor (company)

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Exor N.V.
TypePublic (N.V.)
FTSE MIB Component
IndustryHolding company
Founded27 July 1927 (IFI)
HeadquartersAmsterdam, Netherlands
Key people
John Elkann (Chairman & CEO)
ProductsDiversified investments, Reinsurance, Media, Automotive, Heavy equipment, Sports, Internet
RevenueDecrease €119.51 billion (2020)[1]
Decrease € 1 billion (2020)[1]
Total assetsIncrease €172.94 million (2020)[1]
Total equityDecrease €13.09 million (2020)[1]
OwnerGiovanni Agnelli B.V. (52.99%)
Number of employees
263,284 (approx) (2020)[1]

Exor N.V. is a holding company incorporated in the Netherlands and controlled by the Agnelli family through privately held company Giovanni Agnelli B.V. In 2021 it recorded revenues of more than $136 billion,[1] with a Net Asset Value (NAV) of around $32 billion, becoming the 37th largest group in the world by revenue, according to the 2021 Fortune Global 500 List.[2] It has a history of investments running over a century, which currently include auto and truck manufacturers Stellantis, Ferrari and CNH Industrial, global reinsurer PartnerRe, the football team Juventus F.C., the international newspaper The Economist, and the Italian media company GEDI.


The company was founded on 27 July 1927 under the name of Istituto Finanziario Industriale by the Senator Giovanni Agnelli with the aim of reuniting under a single company all the shareholdings by him acquired, mainly in industrial sectors.

In 1957, IFI acquired control of Istituto Commerciale Laniero Italiano, which conducted activities in the financial field, particularly in the textile and wool sector. In 1963 it extended its operations to the banking system and changed its name to Istituto Bancario Italiano Laniero. Three years later, having spun off the banking business to Banca Subalpina, the company became Istituto Finanziario Italiano Laniero (IFIL), playing a parallel role to that of IFI and conducting similar investment management activities.

IFI gained holdings in numerous firms over the decades, including Unicem, Rockfeller Center, Cinzano, Club Med and 3M, many of which have since been divested. IFI listed preference shares on the Borsa Italiana in 1968. A reorganisation of the Agnelli family's holdings in 2008 led to the merger of IFI and IFIL to create Exor, the new name being taken from the French company (then the majority owner of Perrier water and the Château Margaux estate) which it acquired in 1991.[3]

The family firm Giovanni Agnelli B.V. owns 52.99% of the share capital.[4]



Declared shareholdings as of 31 August 2021:[5]

Company Sector / Industry % of Share Capital Voting Rights
PartnerRe Reinsurance 100.0% 99.8%
Juventus F.C. Football team 63.8% 63.8%
GEDI Gruppo Editoriale Media 89.6%[6] 89.6%
The Economist Group Media 43.4% 20.0%
Stellantis Automotive industry 14.4% 14.4%
CNH Industrial Agricultural and heavy machinery 26.9% 42.5%
Ferrari Automotive industry/luxury 22.9% 35.9%
Shang Xia Fashion 77.3% 77.3%
Welltec Technology/Energy industry 47.6% 47.6%
Christian Louboutin Luxury/fashion 24% 24%
Via Transportation Technology/mobility 16.9% 16.9%
Iveco Automotive industry 27.1% 42.5%

Besides these major holdings, the company holds shares in the following listed and unlisted companies:[7][8]

Financial investments[edit]


Exor's interest in new 21st century companies led to the launch of Exor Seeds, an early and late stage startup investment business, under the leadership of Noam Ohana since 2017. Exor Seeds has invested 700 million dollars in 53 companies around the world with a focus on mobility, fintech and healthcare sectors.[10]

On September 2021 Exor appointed Diego Piacentini, former Amazon and Apple Executive Manager, as Advisor of Exor and Chairman of Exor Seeds.[11]

  • Alan
  • Apparis
  • Avant Arte
  • Because
  • Brex
  • Cariuma
  • CARS24
  • Casavo
  • Corvent
  • Cover
  • Cowboy
  • Crusoe
  • Dignifi
  • DRL
  • Earlens
  • EMPG
  • EQrx
  • Firefly
  • FIIT
  • Finhabits
  • Galena
  • Kheiron
  • Norbert Health
  • Lithic
  • Reby
  • Reflexion
  • Inspirna
  • Saildrone
  • Smallhold
  • Tekion
  • True Link
  • Via Transportation
  • Viaduct
  • Wayve
  • Caresend
  • Dice
  • Dustphotonic
  • Karat
  • Newcleo
  • Qashier
  • Quantum machines
  • Radian Aerospace
  • Saltpay
  • Solidus labs
  • Tissium
  • Xsight
  • Zenbill


Financial data[edit]

Financial data in € Million[1]
Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Net Revenue 52,520 58,985 84.359 110,671 113,740 122,246 136,360 140,068 138,226 143,294 143,755 119,519
Net Income -0,997 0,571 2,229 2,377 4,427 1,276 0,343 2,314 4,646 5,416 8,915 1
Assets 71,804 78,707 123,030 125,762 132,680 150,509 156,895 176,528 163,775 166,275 172,610 172,945
Equity 4,715 4,870 4,572 4,904 8,257 9,675 9,099 10,982 10,805 12,210 15,025 13,090
Group's Employees 190,651 196,723 195,404 287,343 305,963 318,562 303,247 302,562 265,017 272,170 268,979 263,284

Investor Days[edit]

On 5 October 2017 EXOR held its first Investor Day event, which was led by Exor & PartnerRe's leadership teams which provided financial updates and the latest developments from their respective companies.[13]

On 21 November 2019 a second one was hosted on the occasion of Exor's 10th anniversary. During the meeting John Elkann, together with the management team, illustrated the company's performances, growth and key achievements over the past 10 years.[14]

On 30 November 2021 Exor held its third Investor Day where the primary focus of its future investments was shared, centered on three main sectors: Healthcare, Luxury and Technology.[15]

All events took place at the Agnelli Foundation in Turin (Italy).

Partners Council[edit]

On May 24th, 2018 Exor established the Partners Council, chaired by former UK Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne. The Council brings together a group of business leaders that provide additional external experience and counsel into Exor.[16]

On September 27th, 2021 Jony Ive, former Apple Chief Design Officer of Apple, joined Exor’s Partners Council along with the announcement of a multi-year collaboration with his creative collective LoveFrom. [17]

Board of directors[edit]

Board of Directors in charge as of May 27th, 2021:[18]

  • John Elkann - chairman and chief executive officer
  • Alessandro Nasi - vice chairman
  • Andrea Agnelli - Non-independent director
  • Joseph Bae - Independent non-executive director
  • Melissa Bethell - Independent non-executive director
  • Marc Bolland - Independent senior non-executive director
  • Laurence Debroux - Independent non-executive director
  • Ginevra Elkann - Non-independent director
  • Ajay Banga - Independent non-executive director

Mergers, investments and acquisitions[edit]

The Economist[edit]

On 12 August 2015 the editor announced that Exor would purchase three-fifths of The Economist Group shares then owned by Pearson PLC.[19] Exor held shares in the Economist Group prior to this purchase.[19] This was considered to be the "most important change to The Economist's shareholding structure in almost 90 years."[19] Pearson PLC which also owned the Financial Times had had a non-controlling 50% stake in the Economist Group since 1928. The Economist Group will buy back the remaining 40% of Pearson shares.[20][19]

Cushman & Wakefield[edit]

On 2 September 2015 Exor closed the sale of Cushman & Wakefield to Chicago-based DTZ for $1,28 billion in net, generating a capital gain of $722 million.[21]


In 2016, Exor bought PartnerRe with a bid of $140 per share (total $6.9 billion).[22] Originally it had offered $130 per share and in response Axis Re offered $120.31 per share in paper plus $11.50 in a pre-closing dividend.[23]

In March 2020, Exor announced an agreement to sell PartnerRe to French mutual insurer Covea for $9 billion plus a $50 million cash dividend upon closing.[24][25] The sale was not finalised, as Covéa withdrew the offer on 12 May 2020.[26] In August 2020, Exor stated that Covea would invest €1.5 billion, partly in entities managed by PartnerRe.[27]

GEDI Gruppo Editoriale[edit]

In December 2019, Exor agreed to buy a 43.7 per cent stake in GEDI Gruppo Editoriale, Italy's leading media group, for €102.4m from CIR, the holding company of the De Benedetti dynasty.[28][29] The acquisition was closed in April 2020.[30]


In December 2019, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and the PSA Group announced a merger, to be completed in 12/14 months.[31][32][33] In July 2020, FCA's Chairman John Elkann and the CEO Mike Manley announced that the combined company will be called Stellantis, upon completion of the trans-Atlantic merger.[34][35] The merger completed on 16 January 2021, with its common shares subsequently trading under the ticker symbol "STLA" on the Italian Bourse, Euronext Paris and the New York Stock Exchange. At the completion date of merger, the combined company became the world's fifth-largest car maker by unit sales.[36]

On 14 April 2021, Exor and Peugeot 1810, both significant shareholders in Stellantis, signed a five-year agreement.[37]

Via Transportation Inc.[edit]

In April 2020, Exor acquired 8.87% of Via Transportation.[38][39]


In August 2020, EXOR Seeds participated in the funding round launched by Cowboy, a Belgian e-bike start-up.[40]

Shang Xia Group[edit]

In December 2020, Exor announced an investment of circa €80 million in the Chinese group Shang Xia, thanks to which the holding became the first Shang Xia shareholder with Hermés International.[41]

Christian Louboutin[edit]

In March 2021, Exor enters the French fashion house Christian Louboutin as a minority shareholder with 24% of the capital and with an investment of 541 million euros.[42]


In March 2021, Exor Seeds participated as lead investor on raising the capital of Casavo, Italian proptech StartUp with an instant buying platform to sell, live and buying homes in Europe.[43]


On June 16th, 2021 Exor signed an agreement with World-Wide Investments Company Limited of Hong Kong, setting up the newco Nuo spa, 50% owned by Exor and 50% owned by WWICL, to encourage and enhance the development of Italian medium-sized enterprises that produce high-end consumer goods like Ludovico Martelli and Montura.[44]


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External links[edit]