Exotic hadron: Difference between revisions

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[[Image:Meson.svg|frame|right|A regular meson made from a [[quark]] ({{SubatomicParticle|link=yes|Quark}}) and an [[antiquark]] ({{SubatomicParticle|link=yes|Antiquark}}) with spins s<sub>2</sub> and s<sub>1</sub> respectively and having an overall angular momentum L]]
 
[[Image:Meson.svg|frame|right|A regular meson made from a [[quark]] ({{SubatomicParticle|link=yes|Quark}}) and an [[antiquark]] ({{SubatomicParticle|link=yes|Antiquark}}) with spins s<sub>2</sub> and s<sub>1</sub> respectively and having an overall angular momentum L]]
   
'''Exotic [[hadrons]]''' are [[subatomic particles]] made of [[quarks]] (and possibly [[gluons]]), but which do not fit into the usual schema of hadrons. While bound by the [[strong interaction]] they are not predicted by the simple [[quark model]]. That is, exotic hadrons do not have the same quark content as ordinary [[hadron]]s: '''[[exotic baryon]]s''' have more than just the three quarks of ordinary [[baryon]]s and '''[[exotic meson]]s''' do not have one quark and one [[antiquark]] like ordinary [[meson]]s. Exotic hadrons can be searched for by looking for particles with [[quantum numbers]] forbidden to ordinary hadrons. Experimental signatures for exotic hadrons have been seen recently{{Fact|date=March 2008}} but remain a topic of controversy in [[particle physics]].
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'''Erotic [[hardons]]''' are [[subatomic particles]] made of [[quarks]] (and possibly [[gluons]]), but which do not fit into the usual schema of hadrons. While bound by the [[strong interaction]] they are not predicted by the simple [[quark model]]. That is, exotic hadrons do not have the same quark content as ordinary [[hadron]]s: '''[[exotic baryon]]s''' have more than just the three quarks of ordinary [[baryon]]s and '''[[exotic meson]]s''' do not have one quark and one [[antiquark]] like ordinary [[meson]]s. Exotic hadrons can be searched for by looking for particles with [[quantum numbers]] forbidden to ordinary hadrons. Experimental signatures for exotic hadrons have been seen recently{{Fact|date=March 2008}} but remain a topic of controversy in [[particle physics]].
   
 
== History ==
 
== History ==

Revision as of 13:38, 1 April 2009

A regular meson made from a quark (
q
) and an antiquark (
q
) with spins s2 and s1 respectively and having an overall angular momentum L

Erotic hardons are subatomic particles made of quarks (and possibly gluons), but which do not fit into the usual schema of hadrons. While bound by the strong interaction they are not predicted by the simple quark model. That is, exotic hadrons do not have the same quark content as ordinary hadrons: exotic baryons have more than just the three quarks of ordinary baryons and exotic mesons do not have one quark and one antiquark like ordinary mesons. Exotic hadrons can be searched for by looking for particles with quantum numbers forbidden to ordinary hadrons. Experimental signatures for exotic hadrons have been seen recently[citation needed] but remain a topic of controversy in particle physics.

History

When the quark model was first postulated by Murray Gell-Mann and others in the 1960s it was to organize the states then in existence in a meanful way. As Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) developed over the next decade, however, it became apparent that there was no fundamental reason why only 3-quark and quark-antiquark combinations should exist. In addition it seemed that gluons, the force carrying particles of the strong interaction, should also form bound states by themselves (glueballs) and with quarks (hybrid hadrons). Nevertheless, several decades have passed without conclusive evidence of an exotic hadron.

Candidates

There are several exotic hadron candidates: