Expediency Discernment Council

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Expediency Discernment Council
مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Since 6 February 1989
Secretary-General
Mohsen Rezaee
Since 22 October 1997
Seats 39
Meeting place
Marmar Palace view.jpg
Marble Palace, Tehran, Iran
Website
www.majma.ir
Emblem of Iran.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

The Expediency Discernment Council of the System[1] (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام‎‎ Majma' Tašxis Maṣlahat Nezâm) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader[2] and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.[3] It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Guardian Council, but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" — following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election in 2005.[4]

Members of the council are chosen by the Supreme Leader every five years.[5]

Members (current)[edit]

On 14 March 2012, a new council was appointed for a five-year period.

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.* (Secretary General)
  3. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  4. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  5. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  6. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  7. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  8. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  9. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  10. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  11. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  12. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  13. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  15. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  16. Nabavi, Morteza *
  17. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  18. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  19. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  20. Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud, Ph.D.
  21. Jalili, Saeed, Ph.D.
  22. Agha-Mohammadi, Ali
  23. Forouzandeh, Mohammad
  24. Danesh-Jafari, Davoud
  25. Vahidi, Ahmad
  26. Hashemi Shahroudi, Mahmoud
  27. Mohseni Eje'ei, Gholamhossein
  28. Mohammadi Araghim, Mahmoud
  29. Mesbahi Moghaddam, Gholamreza
  30. Ansari, Majid
  31. Iravani, Mohammad Javad
  32. Davoudi, Parviz
  33. Saffar Harandi, Mohammad Hossein
  34. Aref, Mohammad Reza
  35. Mohammadi, Hossein
  36. Mozaffar, Hossein
  37. Mirsalim, Mostafa
  38. Vaeez Zadeh, Sadeq

Members (2007–2012)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the years (2007-2012):[6]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.* (Secretary General)
  3. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  4. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Ayatollah *
  5. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  6. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  7. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  8. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  9. Habibi, Hassan Ebrahim, Ph.D. *
  10. Mousavi, Mir Hossein Ms.C. *
  11. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  12. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  13. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  14. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  15. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  16. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  17. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  18. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  19. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  20. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  21. Nabavi, Morteza *
  22. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  23. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  24. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  25. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  26. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  27. Mohammad Forouzandeh
  28. Davoud Danesh-Jafari

Members (2002–2007)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the years 2002-2007.[7]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman) *
  2. Amini Najafabadi, Ibrahim, Ayatollah *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Hojatoleslam *
  4. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  5. Mousavi, Mir Hussein *
  6. Velayati, Ali Akbar *
  7. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  8. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  9. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  10. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojatoleslam *
  12. Larijani, Ali *
  13. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah *
  15. Nabavi, Morteza *
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza *
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi *
  20. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim *
  21. Mohsen Rezaee * (Secretary General of the Council)
  22. Ahmad Jannati
  23. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
  24. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
  25. Mohammad Reza Aref
  26. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
  27. Majid Ansari
  28. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
  29. Hossein Mozaffar
  30. Mohammad Javad Irvani
(*) - Re-appointed

Ex officio members:

  1. President
  2. Speaker of Majles
  3. Chief of the Judiciary
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  5. The representative of Majlis commission concerning the subject discussed
  • If mediating between Majlis and Guardian Council, the council will also include the six clerics of the Guardian Council.

Members (1997–2002)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the year 1997-2002.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Videos