Expediency Discernment Council

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Expediency Discernment Council
مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Since 14 August 2017
Secretary
Mohsen Rezaee
Since 22 October 1997
Seats 39
Meeting place
Marmar Palace view.jpg
Marble Palace, Tehran, Iran
Website
Official website
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
Islamic Republic of Iran
Emblem of Iran.svg
Government of Islamic Republic of Iran

The Expediency Discernment Council of the System[1] (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام‎‎ Majma' Taškhīs Maṣlaḥat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader[2] and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.[3] It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Guardian Council, but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election in 2005.[4]

Members of the council are chosen by the Supreme Leader every five years.[5]

Members[edit]

Seventh council (2017–2022)[edit]

  1. Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi (Chairman)
  2. Mohsen Rezaei (Secretary)
  3. Ahmad Jannati
  4. Ebrahim Amini
  5. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
  6. Ali Akbar Nategh Nouri
  7. Hassan Sane'i
  8. Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i
  9. Mohsen Mojtahed Shabestari
  10. Ebrahim Raisi
  11. Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi
  12. Mahmoud Mohammadi Araghi
  13. Majid Ansari
  14. Gholamreza Mesbahi-Moghadam
  15. Gholam Reza Aghazadeh
  16. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  17. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  18. Mohammad Javad Irvani
  19. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
  20. Ahmad Tavakoli
  21. Saeed Jalili
  22. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
  23. Davoud Danesh Jafari
  24. Parviz Davoudi
  25. Mohammad Sadr
  26. Hossein Saffar Harandi
  27. Mohammad Reza Aref
  28. Mohammad Forouzandeh
  29. Lt. General Hassan Firouzabadi
  30. Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
  31. Hossein Mohammadi
  32. Hossein Mozaffar
  33. Mostafa Mir-Salim
  34. Mohammad Mir Mohammadi
  35. Morteza Nabavi
  36. Ali Akbar Velayati
  37. Lt. General Ahmad Vahidi
  38. Sadegh Vaez-Zadeh

Ex officio members:

  1. President: Hassan Rouhani
  2. Parliament Speaker: Ali Larijani
  3. Judiciary Chief: Sadeq Larijani
  4. Chief-of-Staff of the Armed Forces: Major General Mohammad Bagheri
  5. Chief-of-Staff of the Armed Forces: Rear Admiral Ali Shamkhani
  1. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  2. The parliament commission head concerned depending on the subject under discussion

Sixth council (2012–2017)[edit]

On 14 March 2012, a new council was appointed for a five-year period. Eight months before the end of the council, chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani dies and Ali Movahedi-Kermani became interim chairman until the end of the council period.

Fifth council (2007–2012)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the years (2007-2012):[6]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman of the Council) *
  2. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.* (Secretary General)
  3. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  4. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Ayatollah *
  5. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  6. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  7. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  8. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  9. Habibi, Hassan Ebrahim, Ph.D. *
  10. Mousavi, Mir Hossein Ms.C. *
  11. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  12. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  13. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  14. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  15. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  16. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  17. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  18. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  19. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  20. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  21. Nabavi, Morteza *
  22. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  23. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  24. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  25. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  26. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  27. Mohammad Forouzandeh
  28. Davoud Danesh-Jafari

Fourth council (2002–2007)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the years 2002-2007.[7]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman) *
  2. Amini Najafabadi, Ibrahim, Ayatollah *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Hojatoleslam *
  4. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  5. Mousavi, Mir Hussein *
  6. Velayati, Ali Akbar *
  7. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  8. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  9. Rouhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam, Ph.D. *
  10. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojatoleslam *
  12. Larijani, Ali *
  13. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah *
  15. Nabavi, Morteza *
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza *
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi *
  20. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim *
  21. Mohsen Rezaee * (Secretary General of the Council)
  22. Ahmad Jannati
  23. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
  24. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
  25. Mohammad Reza Aref
  26. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
  27. Majid Ansari
  28. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
  29. Hossein Mozaffar
  30. Mohammad Javad Irvani
(*) - Re-appointed

Ex officio members:

  1. President
  2. Speaker of Majles
  3. Chief of the Judiciary
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  5. The representative of Majlis commission concerning the subject discussed
  • If mediating between Majlis and Guardian Council, the council will also include the six clerics of the Guardian Council.

Third council (1997–2002)[edit]

The following is a list of its members of the year 1997-2002.[8][9]

Second council (1989–1997)[edit]

First council (1988–1989)[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)

Chairman Tenure Supreme Leader
Name Picture Took office Left Office
1 Ali Khamenei Portrait of Ali Khamenei, 1989.jpg 7 February 1988 4 June 1989 Ruhollah Khomeini
2 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Hashemi Rafsanjani at Beit Rahbari.jpg 4 October 1989 8 January 2017 Ali Khamenei
Ali Movahedi-Kermani
Acting
Ayatollah Movahedi-Kermani at Principlists Congress.jpg 4 February 2017 14 August 2017
3 Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi.jpg 14 August 2017 Present

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Videos