Expedition of Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi (Al-Kadid)
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|Expedition of Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi (Al-Kadid)|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi||Unknown|
|10-15||Entire tribe (unknown population)|
|Casualties and losses|
A platoon headed by Ghalib bin ‘Abdullah Al-Laithi in Safar or in Rabi‘ Al-Awwal 7 A.H, Muhammad sent Ghalib ibn Abdallah al-Laythi, with between 10-15 men to raid the Banu al-Mulawwih at al-Kadid.
According to the Abu Dawud Hadith collection, when the Muslims arrived at al-Kadid they met a man, al-Harith ibn Malik and took him as a prisoner. He informed Ghalib that he had come to embrace Islam. But he chained him up for safety reasons.
The tribe was attacked and taken by surprise. The Muslims managed to kill a large number of the enemy soldiers and captured a great deal of booty. A large army of polytheists then pursued the Muslims, but heavy floods hindered the pursuit, and the Muslims managed to escape in safety.
According to Ibn Sa'd and Tabari, based on an account through Ibn Ishaq, who was told by a man from the Aslam tribe, the password used by Muslims to recognize one another while fighting at night was:
The Muslim Scholar Saifur Rahman al Mubarakpuri suggest that the reason for the attack was that the Banu Mulawwih were being provocative (without further details), whereas the Non Muslim historian Sir William Muir claims the reason for the attack is unknown.
Islamic primary sources
The event in also mentioned in the Sunni Hadith collection Abu Dawud as follows:
|“||The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent Abdullah ibn Ghalib al-Laythi along with a detachment and I was also with them. He ordered them to attack Banu al-Mulawwih from all sides at al-Kadid. So we went out and when we reached al-Kadid we met al-Harith ibn al-Barsa al-Laythi, and seized him. He said: I came with the intention of embracing Islam, and I came out to go to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). We said: If you are a Muslim, there is no harm if we keep you in chains for a day and night; and if you are not, we shall tie you with chains. So we tied him with chains. Sunan Abu Dawood, 14:2672||”|
- Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 212. ISBN 978-9960897714. Note: 8AH, 1st month=May 629
- Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust.Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here
- William Muir, The life of Mahomet and history of Islam to the era of the Hegira, Volume 4, p. 94.
- Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 241. (online), "A platoon headed by Ghalib bin ‘Abdullah Al-Laithi in Safar"
- "The first saryah of the year led by Ghalib b. Abdullah to al-Kadid", King Abdul Aziz University Archived 2011-07-16 at WebCite Author references, Ibn Sa'd Volume 2, Pg 124-125
- Sunan Abu Dawood, 14:2672 (alternative source archived)
- Sunan Abu Dawood, 14:2672
- Martin Lings, Muhammad: his life based on the earliest sources, p. 182,
Emigrants and Helpers fought like incarnations of the Muslim battle-cry that day, Amit, Amit, which means "Kill, Kill".
- Sa'd, Ibn (1967). Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa'd,Volume 2. Pakistan Historical Society. p. 156. ASIN B0007JAWMK.
- Tabari, vol.viii, p.142