Explorer 14

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Explorer 14
Explorer 14 mock-up.jpg
Mission type Earth science
Operator NASA
Harvard designation 1962 Beta Gamma 1
SATCAT no. 432
Mission duration 10 months
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer Goddard Space Flight Center
Launch mass 40 kilograms (88 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date October 2, 1962, 22:11:30 (1962-10-02UTC22:11:30Z) UTC
Rocket Delta A
Launch site Cape Canaveral LC-17B
End of mission
Last contact August 11, 1963 (1963-08-12)
Decay date May 25, 1988
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Highly elliptical
Semi-major axis 78,707 kilometres (48,906 mi)
Eccentricity 0.8389330
Perigee 2,601.0 kilometers (1,616.2 mi)
Apogee 96,189.0 kilometers (59,769.1 mi)
Inclination 42.80 degrees
Period 2184.60 minutes
RAAN 212.21 degrees
Mean anomaly 333.98 degrees
Mean motion 0.6673
Epoch 16 April 1965, 20:39:58 UTC
Revolution no. 122

Explorer 14 is a spin-stabilized, solar-cell-powered spacecraft instrumented to measure cosmic-ray particles, trapped particles, solar wind protons, and magnetospheric and interplanetary magnetic fields. A 16-channel PFM/PM time-division multiplexed telemeter was used. The time required to sample the 16 channels (one frame period) was 0.323 s. Half of the channels were used to convey eight-level digital information, and the others were used for analog information. During ground processing of the telemetered data, the analog information was digitized with an accuracy of 1/100 of full scale. One analog channel was subcommutated in a 16-frame-long pattern and was used to telemeter spacecraft temperatures, power system voltages, currents, etc. A digital solar aspect sensor measured the spin period and phase, digitized to 0.041 s, and the angle between the spin axis and sun direction to about 3-degree intervals.[1][2]


There were eight experiments done on the Explorer 14 during its mission.[3]

  1. Proton Analyzer
  2. Fluxgate Magnetometers
  3. Trapped Particle Radiation
  4. Cosmic Rays
  5. Proton-Electron Scintillation Detector
  6. Solar Aspect Sensor
  7. Electrolytic Timer Experiment
  8. Solar Cell Damage Experiment


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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