The Explorers Club
The Explorers Club is an American-based international multidisciplinary professional society with the goal of promoting scientific exploration and field study. The club was founded in New York City in 1905, and has served as a meeting point for explorers and scientists worldwide.
In 1904, a group of men active in exploration met at the request of noted journalist, historian, and explorer Henry Collins Walsh, to form an organization to unite explorers in the bonds of good fellowship and to promote the work of exploration by every means in its power. Joining Walsh were Adolphus Greely, Donaldson Smith, Carl Lumholtz, Marshall Saville, Frederick Dellenbaugh, and David Brainard. After several further informal meetings, The Explorers Club was incorporated on October 25, 1905. Women were first admitted in 1981, with a class including Sylvia Earle and Kathryn Sullivan. Famous honorary members have included Theodore Roosevelt, John Glenn, Jim Fowler, Walter Cronkite, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and Albert I, Prince of Monaco.
The Explorers Club has 26 chapters in the United States and around the world, which serve as local contact points for explorers, scientists, and students. Many chapters hold monthly dinners, lectures and seminars, award field-research grants to students, publish newsletters and organize expeditions, field trips and educational events.
- David Legge Brainard (1856–1946): U.S. Army Lieutenant-Colonel: Sioux, Bannock, and Nez Perce Campaigns; Survivor, Lady Franklin Bay Expedition (1881–1884); in 1882 claimed Farthest North at 83º24’30” North latitude
- Frank Chapman (1864–1945): Curator of Birds and Mammals, American Museum of Natural History
- Frederick Cook (1865–1940): Surgeon and ethnologist to the first Peary Expedition to Greenland (1892); leader of the SS Miranda Expedition (1894); surgeon on the Belgica Expedition (1897–1898), the first ship to winter over in the Antarctic; founding member of the American Alpine Club (1902)
- Herschel Clifford Parker (1867–1944): Professor of Physics, Columbia University; mountaineer; author; founding member of the American Alpine Club (1902)
- Marshall Howard Saville (1867–1935): Professor of American Archaeology, Columbia University; Curator of Archaeology, American Museum of Natural History
- Henry Collins Walsh (1863–1927): Journalist; historian; explorer of Central America and Greenland; founding member of Arctic Club of America (1894); nominal "Founder" of The Explorers Club (1904)
- Caspar Whitney (1862–1929): War correspondent, explorer of North and South America, outdoorsman, sports journalist, member of the International Olympic Committee (1900–1905),author; Editor, Outing magazine.
The Explorers Club is renowned for a series of "famous firsts" accomplished by its members, including:
- First to the North Pole (1909) – Robert E. Peary & Matthew Henson
- First to the South Pole (1911) – Roald Amundsen
- First solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1927) – Charles Lindbergh
- First to the summit of Mt. Everest (1953) – Sir Edmund Hillary & Tenzing Norgay
- First to the deepest point in the ocean (1960) – Don Walsh & Jacques Piccard
- First to the surface of the Moon (1969) – Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin & Michael Collins
- First recovery of an authenticated pirate ship – Whydah Gally (1984) – Barry Clifford
The Explorers Club held its first regular meeting at its original headquarters in the Studio Building at 23 West 67th Street in New York City. The club finished construction on its next headquarters at 544 Cathedral Parkway in 1928 and there the club continued to expand its extensive collection of artifacts, trophies and books on exploration. In 1965, the club purchased its current headquarters on the Upper East Side, a six-story Jacobean revival mansion on East 70th Street, where it houses the James B. Ford Exploration Library, the Sir Edmund Hillary Map Room and a collection of artifacts from more than a century of exploration. The building was previously the home of Stephen C. Clark. Certain designated rooms of the Club are open to the general public.
Lectures and publications
In the 1920s, the club began to invite both explorers returning from the field and visiting scientists to relate their experiences and findings. By the 1930s these informal gatherings developed into academic lectures and illustrated talks. The club continues to provide weekly lectures and programs, which are often open to the public at its headquarters. In November 1921, The Explorers Club published the first edition of The Explorers Journal to share news from the field, remarks from headquarters, recent acquisitions, obituaries, and book reviews. The Explorers Journal is still published quarterly, with articles and photography from Explorers Club members in the field.
The Explorers Club flag
To obtain permission to carry the flag, a club member must show that an expedition holds the promise of scientific results. Once approved, the flag must be exhibited at every suitable opportunity on the expedition, and must be returned to the club along with a written record of the expedition — the Flag Report. The club’s research collections is the repository for these unique reports, including the original "Flag Book" — a bound journal of hand-written reports, vintage prints, clippings and assorted records submitted by the explorers who first carried The Explorers Club flag on expeditions.
Today there are 202 numbered flags. These include flags carried on such expeditions as:
- Flag #2 – Roy Chapman Andrews – the Gobi Desert expeditions
- Flag #7 – Sir George Hubert Wilkins – the first trans-Arctic flights
- Flag #32 – Capt. Robert A. "Bob" Bartlett – the Effie M. Morrissey expeditions
- Flag #50 – Bertrand Piccard and André Borschberg – Solar Impulse across America
- Flag #61 – Luc Hardy – the Pax Arctica expedition (Canadian Arctic)
- Flag #123 – Thor Heyerdahl – the Kon-Tiki expedition
- Flag #132 – Jeff Bezos – the Saturn V F-1 engine search and recovery expedition
- Flag #150 – George Kourounis – collecting soil samples from the Darvaza gas crater
- Flag #193 – Naomi Uemura – first solo North Pole expedition
- Flag #161 – James Cameron – the Deepsea Challenger expedition
Honors and grants
The Explorers Club Medal, the highest honor that can be bestowed by the Club, is awarded for extraordinary contributions directly in the field of exploration, scientific research, or to the welfare of humanity. Past recipients include:
- 1914 – Robert E. Peary
- 1918 – Vilhjalmur Stefansson
- 1923 – Adolphus Greely
- 1927 – Roald Amundsen
- 1927 – Robert Bartlett
- 1927 – Fridtjof Nansen
- 1937 – Richard E. Byrd
- 1954 – Auguste Piccard
- 1961 – President Herbert Hoover
- 1964 – Gilbert H. Grosvenor
- 1968 – Lowell Thomas
- 1971 – Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., & Michael Collins for NASA
- 1979 – Thor Heyerdahl
- 1983 – Sir Ranulph Fiennes
- 1986 – Sir Edmund Hillary
- 1989 – Mary Leakey
- 1993 – Jane Goodall
- 1995 – Robert Ballard
- 1996 – Sylvia Earle
- 2001 – Joe Kittinger
- 2005 – Burt Rutan, Brian Binnie and Mike Melvill for SpaceShipOne
- 2009 – E. O. Wilson
- 2012 – Alfred Scott MacLaren
- 2013 – James Cameron
- 2014 – Walter Munk
- 2015 – Neil deGrasse Tyson
- 2016 – E. Frederick Roots
Beyond The Explorers Club Medal, the club also presents, among others, The Lowell Thomas Award, The Sweeney Medal, a Citation of Merit, The Buzz Aldrin Space Exploration Award and The Tenzing Norgay Award.
The club also awards a range of grants for field science and exploration, including The Youth Activity Fund Grant, The Exploration Fund Grant, and the Scott Pearlman Field Awards for Science and Exploration, and the Presidents Award for Exploration and Technology.
Presidents of the Explorers Club are elected by a vote of the Board of Directors after the Annual Meeting. Men and women may offer their name for consideration.
|4||1912||1913||David Legge Brainard|
|8||1922||1925||George Gustav Heye|
|10||1928||1930||George Gustav Heye|
|11||1931||1934||Roy Chapman Andrews|
|12||1935||1937||Walter W. Granger|
|19||1953||1954||Edward Weyer, Jr.|
|26||1971||1973||Hobart Van Dressen|
|28||1975||1976||E. Lovell Becker|
|31||1981||1985||George V.B. Cochran|
- Richardson, Lynda (December 3, 2004). "PUBLIC LIVES; Explorers Club: Less 'Egad' and More 'Wow!'". New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Park, Michael (March 17, 2008). "Eating Maggots: The Explorers Club Dinner". www.epicurious.com. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
- "A Gathering Place". The Explorers Club. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- "The Explorers Club Honorary Members". The Explorers Club. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
- "The Explorers Club Chapters". The Explorers Club. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
- Lembo, Karen; Mendell, Sarah. "Finding aid to the Arctic Club of America" (PDF). The Explorers Club. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- "Famous Firsts". The Explorers Club.
- "Explorers Club Events Page". The Explorers Club.
- "The Explorers Journal: The Official Quarterly of The Explorers Club since 1921". Zinio.com. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Solar Impulse Visits The Explorers Club". The Explorers Club. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Bezos, Jeff. "F1 Engine Recovery Updates: Congratulations Team!". Bezosexpeditions.com. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Kourounis, George (28 December 2016). "Darvaza "Doorway To Hell" Expedition - Turkmenistan". stormchaser.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
- "James Cameron Reflects on Exploration". DeepseaChallenge.com. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "The Explorers Club Medal". The Explorers Club.
- Moskowitz, Clara (March 20, 2013). "Astronauts Celebrate Adventure at Explorers Club Dinner". Space.com. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Aguilera, Mario (March 4, 2014). "Medal Honors Scripps Icon Walter Munk's Lifetime of Science and Exploration". UC San Diego.
- "The Explorers Club Honors". The Explorers Club.
- "The Explorers Club Grants". The Explorers Club.
- "The Scott Pearlman Field Award". The Explorers Club.
- "About the Club - History - Club presidents, 1905 to present". The Explorers Club. Archived from the original on September 28, 2006.
- Ross, Michael Elsohn (March 1, 2014). A World of Her Own: 24 Amazing Women Explorers and Adventurers. Chicago Review Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-61374-441-3. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- "The Explorers Club Elects Ted Janulis as 43rd Club President"