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|EXPO Milan 2015|
|Category||International Registered Exhibition|
|Name||Expo Milano 2015|
|Motto||Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life|
|Area||200 hectares (490 acres)|
|Awarded||March 31, 2008|
|Opening||May 1, 2015|
|Closure||October 31, 2015|
|Previous||Expo 2010 in Shanghai|
|Next||Expo 2020 in Dubai|
|Previous||Expo 2012 in Yeosu|
|Next||Expo 2017 in Astana|
|Previous||Floriade 2012 in Venlo|
|Next||Expo 2016 in Antalya|
Expo 2015 was a Universal Exposition hosted by Milan, Italy. The opening took place on May 1, 2015 at 10:00 CEST,and the Expo closed on October 31, 2015. It was the second time Milan hosted the exposition. The first was the Milan International of 1906. On November 23, 2010, the event was officially announced by the International Exhibitions Bureau (BIE). The BIE General Assembly in Paris decided in favour of the Milanese candidature on March 31, 2008. Expo 2015 was held under the theme Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life.
- 1 Theme
- 2 Bid history
- 3 Site
- 4 Participants
- 5 Collaboration agreements
- 6 Partners
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Food
- 9 Sport
- 10 Pavilions
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The theme chosen for the 2015 Milan Universal Exposition was Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life. It embraced technology, innovation, culture, traditions and creativity and how they relate to food and diet. Expo 2015 further developed themes introduced in earlier Expos (e.g., water at Expo 2008 in Zaragoza) in the light of new global scenarios and emerging issues, with a principal focus on the right to healthy, secure and sufficient food for all the world’s inhabitants.
The concerns of many futurologists about the quality of food in the years to come are compounded by forecasts of increasing uncertainties regarding the quantities of food that will be available globally. These concerns, expressed early on in studies by MIT for the Club of Rome, were largely ignored at a time when it appeared that increases in resource availability would outstrip increases in consumption; however, the rapid depletion of agricultural surpluses has clearly manifested the urgency of the problem of how to Feed the Planet and prevent hunger.
The exhibition included seven sub-themes:
- Science for Food Safety, Security and Quality
- Innovation in the Agro Food Supply Chain
- Technology for Agriculture and Biodiversity
- Dietary Education
- Solidarity and Cooperation on Food
- Food for Better Lifestyles
- Food in the World’s Cultures and Ethnic Groups
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On 30 October 2006, during the session of the General Assembly of member countries of the BIE, held at their headquarters in Paris, Kazakhstan announced its intention to participate in the bidding process to host the World Exhibition at Milan in 2015. The winning candidate was selected by the BIE on 31 March 2008 in Paris.
The following cities bid to host Expo 2015:
|Milan||Italy||Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life||86|
|Izmir||Turkey||New routes to a better world / Health for all||65|
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The area occupied by the Expo 2015 site is located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northwest of Milan in the municipalities of Rho and Pero, and covers an area of 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi). It is adjacent to the new Fiera Milano fairgrounds, designed by Massimiliano Fuksas, whose project may be considered the cornerstone of the urban redevelopment of the entire area. The zone had long been an industrial area before being converted to logistical and municipal services and agriculture. The fairgrounds and the Expo site were connected by a pedestrian bridge adjacent to the Rho-Pero high-speed rail station. Originally planned cycle paths were never initiated, and it was impossible to arrive by bicycle. Several motorways were built or expanded to allow access to the site.
The chosen area is oblong in shape with an overall length of nearly 3 km (1.9 mi), immediately suggesting the idea of a main axis conceived as a boulevard along which the pavilions would be located. The design of pools and waterways in and around the Expo area has been an element of primary importance in the three phases.
The genesis of the Expo plan was a complex process which may be divided into three different phases: Initial plan, Concept plan and Master plan.
The initial plan was characterized by the following principal elements:
- 50% of the area occupied by pavilions, 35% of the area dedicated to external spaces around each pavilion, and the remaining 15% comprised a green perimeter ring around the site;
- Piazza Italia and Piazza Expo located at either end of the main boulevard. The former dominated by the 7,000-square-metre (1.7-acre) Italy pavilion and flanked by a second square dubbed Piazza delle Regioni;
- A large artificial lake surrounded by the 20 pavilions representing the Italian regions;
- A 12,000 seat amphitheatre covering 9,000 m2 (2.2 acres) and a 6,000 seat Auditorium of 6,000 m2 (1.5 acres);
- Country pavilions in three different sizes depending on the financial resources of each participating country;
- Three collective pavilions dedicated to three geographical areas: Asia, Africa and Latin America/Caribbean.
A services area was planned near the main Expo site covering some 100 hectares (250 acres) and outfitted with hotels, parking facilities, stores, a convention centre, green areas and a business centre available for use by Expo participants, as well as a 12 ha (30-acre) Expo village to house staff, volunteers, security personnel and administrative personnel.
Plans also called for the following thematic pavilions:
- What the world eats: at the base of the Expo tower and in the pedestrian bridge connecting the Rho-Pero fairgrounds to the Expo site;
- Science and conscience
- Tales of land, air and water
- The food spiral
- The right to eat well
- In the realm of the senses, in Piazza Italia;
- The art of food
The main idea was to trace out within the area two distinct lines of demarcation, two avenues, a main avenue and a secondary avenue representing the ancient Roman layout comprising a cardo and a decumanus. The initial idea of a “classical” site composed of avenues and pavilions was replaced by the idea of a “light” Expo composed of exhibition areas arranged transversally with respect to the main boulevard. The exhibition areas are completely identical for each country and recreate the typical “food cycle” of each nation, from production to consumption. The centre of the avenue is occupied by a table in front of the country pavilions and extending for the entire length of the site. Here visitors would be able to sample the foods produced in the pavilion of each country. The entire area would be covered by large tent-like structures to convey the idea of a global marketplace.
A second idea was to build large bioclimatic greenhouses on the site to reproduce the earth’s principal environment types or biomes. These would function both as thematic pavilions and for the cultivation and production of basic foodstuffs used in the individual country pavilions. Each country would also be able to have a dedicated greenhouse within its specific exhibition area.
In this second version of the Expo site, water remained an important element but was shifted toward the exterior, no longer arranged in canals flowing through the pavilions, but as a large navigable canal surrounding the Expo site. A large lake was also included in the design.
Additional characteristic elements included:
- A large excavated amphitheatre and a hill, one at either end of the boulevard;
- Expo village facilities across the encircling canal from the Expo site;
- Redevelopment of the post office building as a Centre for Sustainable Development.
The final plan that was submitted to the BIE for approval was coordinated by Stefano Boeri. Currently available information suggests that the plan does not contradict the main ideas of the concept plan while adapting to the more classic exhibition standards of events of this type:
- The idea is abandoned of providing equal amounts of space for each exhibiting country; each will have the opportunity to rent areas ranging from 400 to 6,000 m2 (4,300 to 64,600 sq ft);
- The buildable areas are reduced to 30% of the area assigned to each exhibitor;
- The large, but not navigable, canal around the area is maintained;
- The tent roofing remains only along the principal axes of the cardo and the decumanus;
- The greenhouses will be concentrated in a single zone measuring 50,000 m2 (12 acres);
- The circular basin present in the concept plan is transformed into a theatre on the water, with performances and shows on a centrally placed stage;
- The new plan includes, at either end of the site, the large open-air amphitheatre and the green hill created with the earth from the amphitheatre excavation;
- An auditorium is included.
Participants to the Expo include 145 countries, three international organizations, several civil society organizations, several corporations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The participants are hosted inside individual or grouped pavilions.
Each of the 145 participating countries is hosted in a self-built pavilion and is represented on the official Expo website. Some countries, such as Belarus, Belgium, Israel, or Germany, have created additional external websites. As part of the reciprocity protocol with Expo 2010 of Shanghai, on December 8, 2008, China was the first country to formalize its participation in Expo Milan 2015. The first country out of the reciprocity protocol to confirm its participation was Switzerland on February 3, 2011. As with other years, during this Expo visitors could purchase a passport onto which passport stamps could be placed.
The list of the participating countries is given below:
- Armenia 
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 
- Brunei 
- Cape Verde 
- Central African Republic 
- Republic of the Congo
- Croatia 
- Czech Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dominican Republic
- Ecuador 
- El Salvador
- Equatorial Guinea
- Georgia 
- Grenada 
- Guatemala 
- Holy See
- Honduras 
- Italy (Host country)
- Ivory Coast
- San Marino
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Sierra Leone
- South Korea (participating under its official name of Republic of Korea)
- Sri Lanka
- Tanzania (participating under its official name of United Republic of Tanzania)
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom
- United States
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In preparation for the upcoming event, the City of Milan has signed numerous collaboration agreements with other cities in Italy and Europe in order to coordinate initiatives united by the common denominator of Expo 2015. These agreements focus principally on tourism, culture and infrastructure.
Official global partners
As Vatican City invested €3 million to obtain its own pavilion at the event before his appointment to the papacy, Francis said that, although it is a good thing that the Church is involved in causes that battle hunger and promote cleaner energy, he stated that too much money was wasted on the Expo itself by Vatican City.
Several unusual or unique food choices were offered during the exposition, some of them normally not permitted in Italy. At the pavilion of Zimbabwe, visitors were welcome to try burgers made from the meat of crocodile, zebra and Python, respectively named: "crocoburger", "zebraburger" and "savanaburger" by their creator Georges El Badaoui, Consul for the African country. The Pavilion of Zimbabwe remained among the most innovative and extravagant in terms of food proposals. At the Japanese pavilion, assuming a derogation of the European regulations, and in very exceptional case only for the period of Expo 2015, it was possible to taste the sashimi of pufferfish (fugu). Inside the Future Food District were packs of canned insects, very common in Southeast Asia, but prohibited within the territory of the European Union.
During the event the "World Cup Expo" a football tournament of mixed teams composed of workers from individual pavilions or clusters was held.
For more information see Expo 2015 pavilions
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<ref>tag; name "partners" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
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- After the Crocoburger, at Expo arrived the Zebraburger
- Expo, After the Crocoburger, the Zebraburger, at the Zimbabwe Pavilion
- Zimbabwe, dopo lo zebraburger ecco il panino imbottito al pitone
- Il sashimi di pesce palla al padiglione giapponese
- Pagina facebook dei mondiali di Expo
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Expo 2015.|
- Official website (English)
- Official Site Summer School EXPO 2015 University of Milano Bicocca
- News on Expo 2015 and on the city of Milan
- İzmir is The Official Candidate of Expo 2015 and EXPO 2015 İzmir Film
- Presentation at the BIE of the Expo 2015 candidature 19 December 2006
- ExpoMuseum's Expo 2015 Page
- on 's channelYouTube
- BLOG Expo 2015 Milano – News & Expo History
- Rai Expo official multilanguage site, a library of about 1000 videos exploring and explaining "Expo di Milano 2015" theme
- Photo gallery made by a UNESCO photographer
- Colombia Pavillon Video and Photo gallery