Expo Line (Los Angeles Metro)

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Metro Expo Line
LACMTA Circle Expo Line.svg
Expo Line train at Culver City Station platform looking east.
Expo Line train at Culver City Station platform
looking east.
Overview
OwnerMetro Rail
Transit typeLight rail
Line number806
Number of stations19
Daily ridership55,388 (December 2017; avg. weekday)[1]
WebsiteExpo Line
Operation
Began operationApril 28, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-04-28)[2]
Operator(s)LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA)
CharacterMostly at-grade in private right-of-way, with some underground, street-running, elevated, and trench sections.
Number of vehiclesKinkisharyo P3010
Nippon Sharyo P2020
Siemens P2000
Train length2–3 vehicles
Technical
System length15.2 mi (24.5 km)[2]
No. of tracks2
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
(standard gauge)
Electrification750 V DC overhead catenary
Top speed55 mph (89 km/h)
System map

(2021)
7th Street/Metro Center
Red Line Purple Line Blue Line Silver Line 
Pico
Blue Line Silver Line 
LATTC/Ortho InstituteSilver Line 
Jefferson/USC
Figueroa Tunnel
Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
Expo/Western
Expo/Crenshaw
Crenshaw/LAX Line  (2019)
Farmdale
Expo/La Brea
La Cienega/Jefferson
Culver City
Palms
Westwood/Rancho Park
Expo/Sepulveda
Expo/Bundy
26th Street/Bergamot
17th Street/
Santa Monica College
Downtown Santa Monica

Handicapped/disabled access all stations accessible
Detailed diagram
showing all crossings
(2021)
7th Street/Metro Center
Blue Line Silver Line Pico
Red Line Purple Line Blue Line Silver Line 
Silver Line LATTC/Ortho Institute
Flower Street
Jefferson/USC
Flower Street trench
Exposition Boulevard trench
Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
Exposition Boulevard
Expo/Western
Arlington Avenue
7th Avenue
11th Avenue/
Degnaue Boulevard
(2019)Crenshaw/LAX Line Expo/Crenshaw
Buckingham Road
Farmdale
Expo/La Brea
Hauser Boulevard
La Cienega/Jefferson
Los Angeles
Culver City
Ballona Creek
Culver City
Bagley Avenue
National Boulevard
Palms
Motor Avenue
Northvale trench
Overland Avenue
Westwood/Rancho Park
Westwood Boulevard
Military Avenue
Expo/Sepulveda
Sawtelle Boulevard
Pico Boulevard/
Gateway Boulevard
Barrington Avenue
Expo/Bundy
Centinela Avenue
Division 14 Yard
Stewart Street
26th Street/Bergamot
26th Street
Cloverfield Boulevard
Olympic Boulevard
20th Street
19th Street
17th Street/
Santa Monica College
Colorado Avenue
Downtown Santa Monica

The Expo Line is a light-rail line that runs between Downtown Los Angeles and Santa Monica. The line is named after Exposition Boulevard, which it runs alongside for most of its route.[3][4] It is one of the six lines in the Metro Rail system, and is operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro).

The Expo Line largely follows the right-of-way of the former Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line. Passenger service ended in 1953; freight-only service ended by March 1988. Several Expo Line stations are built in the same location as Air Line stations, although no original station structures have been reused.[5]

Service description[edit]

Route and stations of the Expo Line, relative to other Metro lines. Under construction or planned segment are shown as dashed lines.

Construction[edit]

An independent agency, the Exposition Metro Line Construction Authority, was given the authority to plan, design, and construct the line by state law in 2003. After construction was completed, the line was handed over on January 15, 2016, to the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority for testing and operation.[6]

The line was built in two phases; the first phase comprised the 8.6-mile (13.8 km)[2][7] section between Downtown Los Angeles and Culver City. Construction began in early 2006 and most stations opened to the public on April 28, 2012.[7][8] The Culver City and Farmdale stations opened on June 20, 2012.[7][9]

Design and construction on the 6.6-mile (10.6 km)[2] portion between Culver City and Santa Monica started in September 2011. Testing along the phase 2 segment began on April 6, 2015,[10] and the segment opened on May 20, 2016.[11]

Hours of operation[edit]

The Expo Line operates from approximately 4:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on weekdays and until 2:30 a.m. on Fridays and Saturdays.[12]

Headways[edit]

As of December 2016, trains run approximately every 6 minutes during peak hours, every 12 minutes during middays, every 10 minutes during the evening, and every 20 minutes after midnight.

Speed[edit]

Maximum speed on the route is 55 mph (89 km/h): speeds within the city of Los Angeles are reduced.[13]

History[edit]

Train in Santa Monica, 1894

The Expo Line largely follows right of way used by the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad steam railroad, built in 1875[14], which was converted by Pacific Electric to electric traction and operated as the Santa Monica Air Line[15] by 1920, providing both freight and passenger service between Los Angeles and Santa Monica. Passenger service stopped in 1953 and diesel-powered freight deliveries ended in 1988.[16] Local advocacy groups including Friends 4 Expo Transit[17] supported the successful passage of Proposition C in 1990, which allowed the purchase of the entire right-of-way from Southern Pacific by Metro.

Metro released a Major Investment Study in 2000 which compared bus rapid transit and light rail transit options along what was now known as the "Mid-City/Exposition Corridor";[18] construction of the first phase to Culver City began in mid-2006,[19][7][8][7][9] and most stations opened to the public on April 28, 2012.[7][8] The Culver City and Farmdale stations opened on June 20, 2012.[7][9]

Design and construction of the 6.6-mile (10.6 km)[2] portion between Culver City and Santa Monica started in September 2011. Testing along the phase 2 segment began on April 6, 2015,[20] and the segment opened on May 20, 2016.[11]

Proposed developments[edit]

Regional Connector Transit Corridor[edit]

The Regional Connector Transit Corridor (also known as the Regional Connector, Downtown Connector or Downtown Light-Rail Connector) is an under-construction light-rail subway corridor through Downtown Los Angeles that is to connect the current Blue and Expo Lines to the current Gold Line, and to allow a seamless one-seat ride between the Blue and Expo lines' current 7th Street/Metro Center terminus and Union Station.[21]

Once the Regional Connector Transit Corridor is completed, the Eastside leg of the Gold Line will be connected to the Expo Line. At the same time, the northern leg of the Gold Line through the San Gabriel Valley will be joined with the current Blue Line connecting Downtown Los Angeles and Long Beach, creating what will be the longest light-rail transit line in the United States. Names and/or colors for these new lines have not yet been officially announced, but it seems likely that the current Expo Line-eastern leg of the Gold Line will become the new Gold Line, and the Blue Line-northern leg of the Gold Line will become the new Blue Line.[22] Under a proposed system in which each Metro rail and BRT line would be assigned a letter and a color, the current Expo Line and the southern leg of the current Gold Line would be combined into the gold-colored Line E, retaining elements of the identities of both current lines.[23][24] The groundbreaking for the construction of the Regional Connector Transit Corridor took place on September 30, 2014, and the alignment is expected to be in public service by late 2021.[25]

The New Blue Closure[edit]

The Blue Line Shuttle that will connect the with the Expo Line.

By the summer of 2019, the northern half of the Metro Blue Line will be closed. The Expo Line will be affected for 3 weeks and will terminate at 23rd Street.[26]

Station listing[edit]

Interior of a westbound train, first day of operation to Culver City

The following is the complete list of stations from Downtown Los Angeles traveling west.[27]

Station Connections/Notes Date opened City/Neighborhood
7th Street/Metro Center  Red Line Metro Red Line

 Purple Line Metro Purple Line

 Blue Line Metro Blue Line

 Silver Line Metro Silver Line

February 15, 1991 Downtown Los Angeles
Pico

 Blue Line Metro Blue Line
 Silver Line Metro Silver Line

  • Metro Local: 30, 81, 330
  • Metro Express: 442, 460
  • LADOT Commuter Express: 419, 422, 423, 438, 448
  • LADOT DASH: F
  • Orange County Transportation Authority: 701, 721
  • Torrance Transit: 4
July 14, 1990
LATTC/Ortho Institute

 Silver Line Metro Silver Line

  • Metro Local: 37, 38, 55, 81, 355, 603
  • Metro Express: 460
  • LADOT DASH: D, F, King-East
  • Orange County Transportation Authority: 701, 721
  • Torrance Transit: 4
April 28, 2012 Los Angeles
(North University Park)
Jefferson/USC
  • Metro Local: 38, 81, 102, 200
  • Metro Express: 442
  • LADOT DASH: F, King-East
Expo Park/USC
  • Metro Local: 81, 102, 200
  • Metro Express: 442, 460, 550
  • LADOT Commuter Express: 438, 448
  • LADOT DASH: F, King-East, Southeast
  • Orange County Transportation Authority: 701, 721
  • Torrance Transit: 4
Los Angeles
(Exposition Park)
Expo/Vermont
  • Metro Local: 102, 204
  • Metro Express: 550
  • Metro Rapid: 754
  • LADOT DASH: F
Expo/Western
  • Metro Local: 102, 207
  • Metro Rapid: 757
Expo/Crenshaw
  • Metro Local: 210
  • Metro Rapid: 710, 740
  • LADOT DASH: Midtown
Los Angeles
(Jefferson Park)
Farmdale
  • Metro Local: 38
June 20, 2012 Los Angeles
(Baldwin Hills)
Expo/La Brea
  • Metro Local: 38, 212, 312
  • LADOT DASH: Crenshaw
April 28, 2012
La Cienega/Jefferson
  • Metro Local: 38, 105, 217
  • Metro Rapid: 705
  • Culver CityBus: 4
  • "The Link": Baldwin Hills Parklands Shuttle
Culver City
  • Metro Local: 17, 33
  • Metro Rapid: 733
  • Culver CityBus: 1, 7
  • LADOT Commuter Express 437
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 17
June 20, 2012 Culver City
Palms
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 5, 17
May 20, 2016 Los Angeles (Palms)
Westwood/Rancho Park
  • Culver CityBus: 3
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 8, Rapid 12
Los Angeles (Rancho Park)
Expo/Sepulveda
  • Metro Local: 234
  • Metro Rapid: 734, 788 (Valley–Westside Express)
  • Culver CityBus: 6, Rapid 6
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 7, Rapid 7, 17
Los Angeles (West Los Angeles)
Expo/Bundy
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 5, 7, Rapid 7, Rapid 10, 14, 15
26th Street/Bergamot
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 5, 16, 43
Santa Monica
17th Street/Santa Monica College
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 41, 42, 44
Downtown Santa Monica
  • Metro Local: 4
  • Metro Express: 534
  • Metro Rapid: 704, 720
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: 1, 2, 3, 7, Rapid 7, 8, 9, Rapid 10, 18

Operations[edit]

Maintenance facilities[edit]

Previously, the light rail vehicles used on the Expo Line were maintained at the division 11 yard in Long Beach, California, the same maintenance facility that is used by the Blue Line. However, the new division 14 yard, located east of Stewart Street and north of Exposition Boulevard[28][29] in the vicinity of the 26th Street/Bergamot station in Santa Monica, was opened with the completion of Phase 2.

Rolling stock[edit]

Compatible with the rest of Metro's light-rail network, the Expo Line shares standard Metro light rail vehicles (Nippon Sharyo P865 and P2020, and Siemens P2000) with the Blue Line. Metro estimates that it has 47 light rail cars to provide service on the Expo Line under the peak-hour assumption of 3-car trains running at 6-minute headways.

Upon completion of Phase 2, it is expected that new P3010 light rail vehicles (LRVs) from Kinki Sharyo,[30] that were ordered by the L.A. Metro board of directors in 2012,[31] will begin operation, replacing the current LRVs in operation on the Expo Line.

Bikeway[edit]

The Expo Line Bikeway parallels the route of the light rail line, and includes a mixture of bike lanes on Exposition Boulevard and off-street paths alongside the rail tracks.[32]

Incidents[edit]

On March 28, 2015, an Expo Line train collided with an automobile at an intersection, injuring 12.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ridership Statistics". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Expo Line project fact sheet" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Epstein, Joel (2016-04-12). "How the Expo Line Got to Santa Monica". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  4. ^ "The Guide to the Metro Expo Line: Downtown L.A. to Santa Monica". Discover Los Angeles. Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  5. ^ Hawthorne, Christopher (May 20, 2016). "Why the Expo Line to Santa Monica marks a rare kind of progress in American cities". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  6. ^ "About Expo Overview". Archived from the original on August 7, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "L.A. Metro - Facts at a Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Weikel, Dan; Bloomekatz, Ari (April 27, 2012). "Expo Line launches rail service push to Westside". LA Times. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Two more Expo Line stations to open June 20". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
  10. ^ Nunez, Jennifer (April 9, 2015). "Testing begins on LA Expo Line phase 2". International Railway Journal. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  11. ^ a b Zeller, Heidi (March 30, 2015). "Art for the Expo Line: installation at Expo/Sepulveda Station". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  12. ^ "Expo line timetable" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 23, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  13. ^ Hymon, Steve (November 22, 2011). "Our first ride on the Expo Line". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  14. ^ “First Train of the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad”. Volume 5, Number 20. © Los Angeles Herald, 1875. Newspaper. Los Angeles Herald. October 19, 1875.
  15. ^ "Santa Monica Air Line". Electric Railway Historical Association of Southern California.
  16. ^ Morgenthaler, Anne (March 14, 1988). "End of the Line: The last train out of SM blows a final whistle". Santa Monica Outlook.
  17. ^ "The Expo Line". friends4expo.org. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  18. ^ "Mid City Westside Transit Draft EIS/EIR: 1.0 History, purpose and need" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  19. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (December 16, 2013). "Residents living near Expo Line stations reduce car use, study shows". Los Angeles Times.
  20. ^ Nunez, Jennifer (April 9, 2015). "Testing begins on LA Expo Line phase 2". International Railway Journal. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  21. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Corridor (project website)". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 19, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  22. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Project" (PDF). Metro. April 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  23. ^ "PowerPoint: Metro staff proposal to rename rail and BRT lines". TheSource. Steve Hymon. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  24. ^ "LA Metro Could Switch Rail Line Names From Colors To Letters". Curbed Los Angeles. Curbed Staff. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  25. ^ Hymon, Steve (September 30, 2014). "Ground is broken for Regional Connector project to link Blue, Expo and Gold Lines". The Source. Metro. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  26. ^ Ubaldo, Jose (August 8, 2018). "Metro's $350 million investment in modernizing the Blue Line will begin in January 2019". The Source. Metro. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  27. ^ "Metro Expo Line Timetable" (PDF). Metro. June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  28. ^ "Construction Overview". Build Expo. 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  29. ^ Hymon, Steve (March 21, 2012). "Expo Line maintenance facility". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  30. ^ "Light rail vehicle procurement" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 17, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
  31. ^ "Special Board Meeting April 30, 2012 - Subject: Light Rail Vehicle Procurement" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 30, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  32. ^ Kavanagh, Gary (December 2013). "State of Expo Phase II Bikeway Corridor, & the Biggest Remaining Concerns". Santa Monica Next. Retrieved May 25, 2015.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata