Export Administration Act of 1979

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Export Administration Act of 1979
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to provide authority to regulate exports, to improve the efficiency of export regulation, and to minimize interference with the ability to engage in commerce.
Acronyms (colloquial)EAA
NicknamesExport Administration Act Amendments of 1979
Enacted bythe 96th United States Congress
EffectiveSeptember 29, 1979
Citations
Public law96-72
Statutes at Large93 Stat. 503
Codification
Titles amended50 U.S.C.: War and National Defense
U.S.C. sections amended50 U.S.C. ch. Appendix - Export Regulation § 2401 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 737 by Adlai Stevenson, III (DIL) on March 22, 1979
  • Committee consideration by Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
  • Passed the Senate on July 21, 1979 (74-3)
  • Passed the House on September 25, 1979 (passed, in lieu of H.R. 4034)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on September 27, 1979; agreed to by the Senate on September 27, 1979 (agreed) and by the House on September 28, 1979 (321-19)
  • Signed into law by President Jimmy Carter on September 29, 1979

The Export Administration Act (EAA) of 1979 (P.L. 96-72) provided legal authority to the President to control U.S. exports for reasons of national security, foreign policy, and/or short supply. The act was in force from 1979 to 1994, with a lapse in 1984–85. During this lapse, and upon the law's expiration, the authority of export regulations was continued by executive authority. Presidents Reagan and Clinton each declared that the expiration created an emergency under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act and reauthorized all regulations on that basis.

The Act was repealed by the Export Controls Act of 2018[1] enacted on August 4, 2018. That law directed the President to terminate the continuation of authority under the expired Export Administration Act. However, because Congress had never previously renewed the Export Administration Act, all Presidents since Clinton have continued authority to control exports year by year under executive orders. The national emergency declared on August 17, 2001, as amended by EO 13222, had to continue in effect beyond August 17, 2017 and so President Trump continued export control authority under the EAA on August 8, 2018. [2]

Regulation forbidding Anti-Israel boycotts[edit]

The U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security is charged with enforcing and administering the anti-boycott laws under the Export Administration Act.

"Those laws discourage, and in some circumstances, prohibit U.S. companies from furthering or supporting the boycott of Israel sponsored by the Arab League, and certain Muslim countries, including complying with certain requests for information designed to verify compliance with the boycott."[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "H.R.5515 - John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019".
  2. ^ Text of a Notice from the President to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate
  3. ^ "Antiboycott Compliance". United States Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010.