Exposition internationale de l'eau (1939)
|EXPO Liège 1939|
|Name||Exposition internationale de l'eau de 1939|
|Area||70 hectares (170 acres)|
|Opening||May 20, 1939|
|Closure||September 2, 1939|
|Previous||Second International Aeronautic Exhibition in Helsinki|
|Next||Urbanisme 47 in Paris|
|Previous||Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in Paris|
|Next||Exposition internationale du bicentenaire de Port-au-Prince in Port-au-Prince|
|Universal||1939 New York World's Fair|
The Exposition internationale de la technique de l'eau de 1939 was the third specialized exposition recognized by the Bureau of International Expositions. In 1936 Georges Truffaut proposed an exposition to celebrate the completion of the Albert Canal. The exposition's theme was water management and opened on 20 May 1939 by King Leopold III of Belgium. The canal itself was opened on 30 July 1939.
The exposition was situated on 70 hectares land and 30 hectares water on both riverbanks between the Albert Canal and the Atlas Bridge. On the site were exhibition halls, restaurants, attractions and a Meuse village with replicas of building from the Meuse valley. A part of the site was on land reclaimed from an inavigatable part of the Meuse. An aerial cableway provided a panoramic view over the site.
The exposition was scheduled to November 1939, but on 31 August explosives under the Val Benoit Bridge and the Ougrée Bridge detonated by lightning, resulting in 20 fatalities and 24 injured. The explosives were placed by the Belgian Army wanting the bridges destroyed in case of war. When the real war started the day after it was decided to close the exposition immediately.
The German pavilion was similar to the one in Paris two years before. The pavilion, on the left riverbank was designed by architect Emil Fahrenkamp.
Nazi Germany didn't want to spend money outside Germany. The building materials and equipment were imported from Germany and had to be transported from the Belgian-German border 35 km east of Liège. Every morning the contractors and engineers were transported from Germany by bus or lorry to the site in Liège. The whole column returned to Germany in the evening.
The French contribution consisted of three exhibition halls on the right riverbank. The buildings designed by Allix had a surface of 8000 m2.
- L'Illustration, 24 juin 1939, p.301.
- Isabelle Ledoux, "L'Exposition de l'Eau - Liège 1939", in Art&fact n° 29. L'architecture au XXe siècle à Liège, Liège, 2010, blz. 40-49.
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