Exposition universelle et internationale (1913)
|EXPO Ghent 1913|
Poster for the exhibition
|Name||Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Gand 1913|
|Building||Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station|
|Area||130 hectares (320 acres)|
|Organized by||Émile Coppieters|
|Opening||April 26, 1913|
|Closure||November 3, 1913|
|Previous||Esposizione internationale d'industria e de labora in Turin|
|Next||Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco|
In the last of such type of human zoo stagings, part of a group of 53 Igorot tribesmen from Bontoc, Mountain Province, 28-year-old Filipino Timicheg was "displayed" and died here of tuberculosis or flu. A tunnel in the Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station renovation project is named after him.
A number of buildings were completed for the occasion. Notably, Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station was completed in 1912 in time for the exposition, and was situated opposite the new hotel, Flandria Palace. The park, Citadelpark, was also redesigned for the fair. The exposition was held on an area of 130 hectares (320 acres), which was larger than Expo 58 in Brussels. Various Belgian cities had a pavilion and an artificial town, called "Oud Vlaenderen" (Old Flanders) was created.
In preparation for the exhibition, renovations were made in the centre of Ghent, including a large number of houses on the Graslei. Some years beforen the neo-gothic St Michael's Bridge had been built to provide visitors to the exhibition with a vantage point to view the town, the post office and the Korenmarkt (Wheat Market) had been built, and the carved heads now arrayed around it represented the rulers who attended the exhibition (including Florence Nightingale). The construction of the exhibition was controversial and ended on the eve of World War I with serious debts.
The Ghent fair was attended, among many others, by the much traveled Greek confectionnaire Leonidas Kestekides, and it was then that he decided to settle permanently in Belgium and found the internationally famous Leonidas company.
- Belgian general strike of 1913 (14-24 April 1913)
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- Davy Depelchin, "The Ghent Universal and International Exhibition of 1913: Reconciling Historicism, Modernity and Exoticism", in Cultures of International Exhibitions 1840-1940, edited by Marta Filipova (Farnham, 2015), p. 185. Partial preview on Google Books.
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