Express mail is an expedited mail delivery service for which the customer pays a premium for faster delivery. Express mail is a service for domestic and international mail, and is in most nations governed by the country's own postal administration. Since 1999, the international express delivery services are governed by the EMS Cooperative.
Express Mail Service and the EMS Cooperative
Express Mail Service (EMS) is an international express postal service offered by postal-administration members of the Universal Postal Union (UPU). These administrators created the EMS Cooperative in 1998, within the framework of the UPU, to promote the harmonization and development of postal services worldwide. As of January 2015[update], EMS was offered by more than 190 countries and territories worldwide.
An independent auditor measures the express delivery performance of all international EMS operators, and EMS Performance Awards are based on postal operators' performance, including service performance and tracking: gold, silver, or bronze certificate are awarded to EMS Cooperative members depending on their yearly performance. These EMS award winners are recorded in the EMS Cooperative's Hall of Fame.
EMS Cooperative members
Since its creation, 182 postal administrations have joined the EMS Cooperative, representing over 85% of EMS operators worldwide.
Many transportation logistics firms offer similar accelerated services. DHL Express ("DHL"), Federal Express ("FedEx"), and United Parcel Service ("UPS") are the most popular alternatives. However, in many countries such alternative carriers' shipments have different status for several legal purposes. For example, in Russia, shipments from abroad to individuals for private needs are exempt from customs duties if valued less than €1000 and sent via post or EMS, while when sent by other means the exemption applies to values below €250 only. In some countries legal notification sent by post and EMS are deemed made on the date of dispatch, while for other couriers on the date of delivery only.
- Express mail in the United States
- Gallows letter
- Pony Express
- Postal administration
- S10 (UPU standard)
- Surface Air Lifted (SAL)
- ^ "Express Mail Service (EMS) Cooperative". ems.post.
- ^ "About EMS Cooperative". ems.post. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- ^ "EMS Homepage". ems.post. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- ^ "2013 EMS Performance Award Winners". ems.post. Archived from the original on 2015-01-20. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- ^ "EMS Hall of Fame 2007-2011". ems.post. Archived from the original on January 20, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- ^ "Members of the EMS Cooperative". ems.post. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- ^ "Moving-of-the-goods-by-physical-persons-for-a-private-use-through-customs-border-of-the-customs-union-and-fulfillment-of-the-customs-operations-connected-with-their-release". customs.ru. Federal Customs Service of Russia.
- ^ "Civil Code of the Russian Federation". Russian-civil-code.com.
- "EMS Track and Trace". track-trace.com.
- "Express Mail Service (EMS) Cooperative". ems.post.
- "United States Postal Service (USPS), Priority Express Mail". usps.com. (previously called "Express Mail")
- "Universal Postal Union (UPU) EMS". upu.int.
- "What is EMS?". ems.post.