Expressway S1 (Poland)

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Expressway S1 shield}}

Expressway S1
Droga ekspresowa S1
Route information
Part of E75 E75
Maintained by GDDKiA
Length: 93.1 km (57.8 mi)
132.81 km (82.52 mi) planned
Major junctions
From: A1-PL.svg A1 near Katowice International Airport in Pyrzowice
 

DK86-PL.svg 86 near Podwarpie
DK94-PL.svg 94 in Dąbrowa Górnicza
DK79-PL.svg 79 in Mysłowice
A4-PL.svg A4 near Mysłowice
DK86-PL.svg 86 near Tychy

S52-PL.svg S52 near Bielsko-Biała
To: Diaľnica D3.svg D3 motorway, border with Slovakia
Location
Major cities: Dąbrowa Górnicza, Sosnowiec, Mysłowice, Tychy, Bielsko-Biała, Żywiec
Highway system

National roads in Poland

S86 S2

Expressway S1 or express road S1 is an expressway under construction in Poland with a planned length of 130 km (81 mi), which is located in the Silesian and Lesser Poland voivodeships. Upon completion it will connect the A1 motorway near the Katowice International Airport in Pyrzowice with the A4 motorway and the border of Slovakia in Zwardoń along with the D3 Motorway in Slovakia. The main part of the route is the Eastern beltway of Upper Silesian Industrial Region.

Expressway route description[edit]

Pyrzowice-Tychy[1][edit]

Number of exit (facility) Exits, facilities Mileage from beginning 1st carriageway state 2nd carriageway state History of construction/preparation Notes
1) PyrzowiceA1-PL.svg 0 km Done Done Opened in June 2012 Terminus
2) Pyrzowice-LotniskoDK78-PL.svgDW913-PL.svg 1.9 km (1.18 mi) Was the terminus till June 2012 From here to Podwarpie one-carriageway
3) Mierzęcice 5.5 km (3.42 mi) Tendered Opened in November 2006
4) PodwarpieDK86-PL.svg(southbound)

DK1-PL.svg(northbound)

12.8 km (7.95 mi) 4-laned starting 1 km before interchange
5) ZąbkowiceDW796-PL.svg 20.2 km (12.55 mi) With environmental decision Planned, 4-laned road at the moment
6) No name (Dąbrowa-Górnicza-Laski) 22.6 km (14.04 mi) Done Completed 1978-1983
7) No name (Dąbrowa-Górnicza-Golonóg) 24.3 km (15.10 mi)
8) No nameDK94-PL.svg 25.2 km (15.66 mi)
9) No name(Dąbrowa-Górnicza-Porąbka) 28.9 km (17.96 mi)
(1) Petrol station 31.8 km (19.76 mi) Koniczyna
10) No name 33.2 km (20.63 mi) Completed 1978-1983 Entrance/exit northbound only
11) Brzęczkowice-IDK79-PL.svg 36.9 km (22.93 mi)
12) Brzęczkowice-IIA4-PL.svgE40-PL.svgE462-PL.svg(E462 starting from the interchange eastbound) 39.2 km (24.36 mi) Entrance to toll road
13) BrzezinkaDW934-PL.svg 41.2 km (25.60 mi) Droga wójewodska 934 goes parallel with S1
14) No name(Mysłowice-Kosztowy-I) 42.1 km (26.16 mi)
15) No name DW934-PL.svg(Imielin)

Other name: Kosztowy-IIS1-PL.svg(passing the stages to achieve the environmental decision)

43.3 km (26.91 mi) Exit only southbound, entrance only northbound
16) No name(Lędziny) 46.2 km (28.71 mi)
(2) MOP Lędziny 48.8 km (30.32 mi) Petrol station, restaurant
17) Tychy DK86-PL.svg 54.8 km (34.05 mi) Terminus

Kosztowy-II-Bielsko-Biała[edit]

As of the end of May 2016 there were 6 road options proposed, five of which were already available by June 2008.

At first option IV(D) was preferable. It had to go parallel to Brzeszcze – Oświęcim railway tracks. However, UNESCO protested against the choice, as, in their opinion, it would have crossed the quietness line around the former German concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, and, as the result, UNESCO would have put the camp into the endangered list.

At the beginning of August 2009 the head of Miedźna commune has announced to media his option of the S1 (option VI), that would have gone on the borders of the Miedźna i Bojszowy communes, through the forest. In November 2009 it was accepted by all the local communes. However, GDDKiA rseignated from option VI because of environmental issues. The road would have passed through "Stawy w Brzeszczach" reserve for birds conservation, which was not acceptable.[2]

Option VI[edit]

Communes through which the road would have passed according to the option VI[edit]
    • Mysłowice (Kosztowy)
    • Lędziny
    • Bieruń
    • Oświęcim (Stare Stawy)
    • Brzeszcze
    • Dankowice
    • Stara Wieś
    • Bielsko-Biała (Suchy Potok) In 2013 the Economical, Technical and Environmental Institution has proposed 4 choices (A, B, C, and D), of which choices A and C were preferred. However, the mining company "Brzeszcze" was against choice C, and "SILESIA" mining enterprise against A. As a compromise, GDDKIA promised to work on the additional option "E". Preparatory works for DŚU were done by 7 January 2015. In March 2015 choice "E" was chosen as preferred. In June the same year Regional Directorate of the Environment Protection in Katowice has asked GDDKiA to give out the environmental decision for the section.

Option V[edit]

Communes through which the road would have passed according to the option V[edit]
    • Mysłowice (Kosztowy)
    • Lędziny
    • Bieruń
    • Międzyrzecze
    • Gilowice
    • Miedźna
    • Bestwinka
    • Kaniów
    • Dankowice
    • Stara Wieś
    • Bielsko-Biała (Suchy Potok)

The project will cost approximately 1.437 bln złotych.[3]

Interchanges[edit]
  • „Kosztowy II"(after construction the road to Tychy will br signed as S1A)
  • „Lędziny"
  • „Bieruń"DK44-PL.svg
  • „Oświęcim"(future connection to Oświęcim bypass)
  • „Wola”
  • „Brzeszcze"DW933-PL.svg
  • „Stara Wieś"
  • „Suchy Potok" S52-PL.svg

4 options from 2012[edit]

  • Option A [39,7 km] would have run through the next communes:
    • Mysłowice
    • Lędziny
    • Imielin
    • Bieruń
    • Bojszowy
    • Miedźna
    • Bestwina
    • Wilamowice
    • Bielsko-Biała
  • Option B (40.4 km)would have run through the next communes:
    • Mysłowice
    • Lędziny
    • Imielin
    • Bieruń
    • Bojszowy
    • Oświęcim
    • Bestwina
    • Brzeszcze
    • Wilamowice
    • Bielsko-Biała
  • Option C (40.8 km)would have run through the next communes:
    • Mysłowice
    • Lędziny
    • Imielin
    • Bieruń
    • Bojszowy
    • Oświęcim
    • Bestwina
    • Brzeszcze
    • Wilamowice
    • Bielsko-Biała
  • Option D (42.1 km)would have run through the next communes:
    • Mysłowice
    • Lędziny
    • Imielin
    • Bieruń
    • Bojszowy
    • Oświęcim
    • Bestwina
    • Brzeszcze
    • Wilamowice
    • Bielsko-Biała.[2][3]

In 2013 a new option, presented by the mining companies "SILESIA" and "Brzeszcze" and by Miedźna, Brzeszcze and Bestwina communes, was proposed. The option "H"(or hybrid), as it is known, was an initial compromise between the companies and communes and GDDKiA. It didn't come into life, however.

Number of exit(facility) Name Mialeage from beginning State Notes
1) Kosztowy-II 0 km With environmental decision Connection with S1 to Tychy
2) Lędziny ca. 6 km (3.73 mi)
(1) MOP 7.5 km (4.66 mi)
3) Bieruń ca. 12.3 km (7.64 mi)

Bielsko-Biała-Zwardoń[edit]

Route description[edit]

Number of exit(facility) Name Mialeage from beginning History of construction Notes
1) Bielsko-Biała-KomorowiceS52-PL.svgDK1-PL.svg 0 km Works from here to Suchy Potok interchange were allowed in May 2009 To Suchy Potok interchange concurrency with S52-PL.svg, western terminus
2) Bielsko-Biała-Rosty 2.9 km (1.80 mi)
3) Suchy PotokS52-PL.svg(planned) 4.5 km (2.80 mi) Contract was signed in October 2008 to the Bielsko-Biała-Mikuszowice-II interchange S52-PL.svg planned have an interchange here
4) Bielsko-Biała-LipnikDK52-PL.svg 6.8 km (4.23 mi)
5) Bielsko-Biała-Mikuszowice-I 10.8 km (6.71 mi)
6) Bielsko-Biała-Mikuszowice-IIDW942-PL.svg 11.5 km (7.15 mi)
7) No name 14.2 km (8.82 mi) From here to Żywiec interchange: first contract signed in 2010, which was cancelled two years later, and signed with other company in July 2014. Done in July 2015.
8) No name (Rybarzowice) 17.7 km (11.00 mi)
9) No name(Kalki) 21 km (13.05 mi)
10) ŻywiecDW946-PL.svg 26.5 km (16.47 mi) From here to Przybędza interchange: signed in June 2005, done by November 2006
11) Browar 29.2 km (18.14 mi)
12) Przybędza 33.9 km (21.06 mi) From here to Milówka interchange: the section has got DŚU (environmental decision), tender to be soon announced
13) Milówka 42.14 km (26.18 mi)
14) KasperkaDW943-PL.svg 46.84 km (29.11 mi) No exit of eastbound traffic on the road
15) Laliki 49.54 km (30.78 mi) Last interchange before border
ZwardońFlag of Poland (WFB 2004).gifFlag of Slovakia (WFB 2004).gif 53.34 km (33.14 mi) Entrance to Slovakia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mapy Google". Mapy Google. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b Droga ekspresowa S1 (Polska)
  3. ^ a b "S-1 od w. "Kosztowy II" w Mysłowicach do w. "Suchy Potok" w Bielsku-Białej :: Generalna Dyrekcja Dróg Krajowych i Autostrad - Serwis informacyjny". www.gddkia.gov.pl. Retrieved 2015-11-20.