Expressways in South Korea

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Expressway arteries throughout South Korea
Approaching Seoul from Incheon Airport
Highway bus lane on Gyeongbu Expressway in the Republic of Korea

Expressways in South Korea (Hangul대한민국의 고속도로; Hanja大韓民國의 高速道路; RRDaehanmingukui gosokdoro) were originally numbered in order of construction. Since August 24, 2001, they have been numbered in a scheme somewhat similar to that of the Interstate Highway System in the United States; the icons of the South Korean Expressways are notably similar to those in the United States because they are shaped like U.S. Highway shields and colored like Interstate shields with red, white and blue, the colors of the flag of South Korea.

  • Arterial routes are designated by two-digit numbers, with north-south routes having odd numbers, and east-west routes having even numbers. Primary routes (i.e. major thoroughfares) have 5 or 0 as their last digit, while secondary routes end in other digits.
  • Branch routes have three-digit route numbers, where the first two digits match the route number of an arterial route.
  • Belt lines have three-digit route numbers where the first digit matches the respective city's postal code.
  • Route numbers in the range 70–99 are not used in South Korea; they are reserved for designations in the event of Korean reunification.
  • The Gyeongbu Expressway kept its Route 1 designation, as it is South Korea's first and most important expressway.

List of expressways[edit]

  • Italics are planned line.
# Type Name Section Total Length(km)
1 Main Gyeongbu Expressway Yangjae IC (Seoul) – Guseo IC (Busan) 416.1 km
10 East – West Trunk Namhae Expressway West Yeongam IC(Yeongam) - Haeryong IC(Suncheon) 106.8 km
West Suncheon IC (Suncheon) – Deokcheon IC (Busan) 166.3 km
102 East – West Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 1 Sanin JC (Haman) – Naeseo JC – Changwon JC (Changwon) 17.9 km
104 East – West Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 2 Nangjeong JC (Gimhae) – Sasang IC (Busan) 20.6 km
105 South – North Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 3 JinhaeGijang 15.3 km
12 East – West Muan–Gwangju Expressway Muan Airport IC (Muan) – Unsu IC (Gwangju) 41.3 km
Gwangju–Daegu Expressway Munheung JC (Gwangju) – Okpo JC (Dalseong) 176.0 km
14 East - West Hamyang–Ulsan Expressway HamyangUlsan 144.6 km
15 South – North Trunk Seohaean Expressway Mokpo IC (Muan) – Geumcheon IC (Seoul) 336.6 km
151 South – North Branch (of 15) Seocheon–Gongju Expressway East Seocheon JC (Seocheon) – West Gongju JC (Gongju) 61.4 km
153 South – North Branch (of 15) Pyeongtaek–Siheung Expressway PyeongtaekSiheung 40.3 km
16 East – West Ulsan Expressway Eonyang JC (Ulju) – Ulsan IC (Ulsan) 14.3 km
17 South – North Pyeongtaek–Hwaseong Expressway Oseong IC (Pyeongtaek) – Bongdam IC (Hwaseong) 26.7 km
Suwon–Munsan Expressway SuwonPaju 83.0 km
171 South – North Branch (of 17) Osan–Hwaseong Expressway West Osan JC (Osan) – Annyeong IC (Hwaseong) 2.5 km
Yongin–Seoul Expressway Heungdeok IC (Yongin) – Heolleung IC (Seoul) 22.9 km
20 East – West Trunk Iksan–Pohang Expressway Iksan JC (Iksan) – Jangsu JC (Jangsu) 61.0 km
Palgongsan IC (Daegu) – Pohang IC (Pohang) 69.4 km
202 East – West Branch (of 20) Iksan–Pohang Expressway Branch Pohang 24.0 km
25 South – North Trunk Honam Expressway West Suncheon IC (Suncheon) – Nonsan JC (Nonsan) 194.2 km
Nonsan–Cheonan Expressway Nonsan JC (Nonsan) – Cheonan JC (Cheonan) 82.0 km
251 South – North Branch (of 25) Honam Expressway Branch Nonsan JC (Nonsan) – Hoedeok JC (Daejeon) 54.0 km
253 South – North Branch (of 25) Gochang–Damyang Expressway Gochang JC (Gochang) – Daedeok JC (Damyang) 42.5 km
27 South – North Suncheon–Wanju Expressway East Sunchen IC (Suncheon) – Wanju JC (Wanju) 117.8 km
29 South – North Sejong–Pocheon Expressway SejongGuri 50.6 km
GuriPocheon 71.1 km
30 East – West Trunk Dangjin–Yeongdeok Expressway Dangjin JC (Dangjin) – Nakdong JC (Sangju) - Yeongdeok 305.5 km
301 South – North Branch (of 30) Sangju–Yeongcheon Expressway Sangju – Yeongcheon 93.9 km
32 East – West Asan–Cheongju Expressway AsanCheongju 48.8 km
35 South – North Trunk Tongyeong–Daejeon Expressway Tongyeong IC (Tongyeong) – Biryong JC (Daejeon) 215.3 km
Jungbu Expressway Biryong JC (Daejeon) – Hanam JC (Hanam) 117.2 km
37 South – North Second Jungbu Expressway Express Line of 35 (Majang JC (Icheon) – Sangok JC (Hanam)) 31.1 km
40 East – West Trunk Pyeongtaek–Jecheon Expressway West Pyeongtaek JC (Pyeongtaek) – Jecheon JC (Jecheon) 127.4 km
45 South – North Trunk Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway Naeseo JC (Changwon) – Yangpyeong IC (Yangpyeong) 301.7 km
451 South – North Branch (of 45) Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway Branch Hyeonpung JC (Dalseong) – Geumho JC (Daegu) 30.0 km
50 East – West Trunk Yeongdong Expressway Seochang JC (Incheon) – Gangneung JC (Gangneung) 234.4 km
52 East – West Gwangju–Wonju Expressway Gwangju, GyeonggiWonju 57.0 km
55 South – North Trunk Jungang Expressway Samnak JC (Busan) – Chuncheon IC (Chuncheon) 388.1 km
551 South – North Branch (of 55) Jungang Expressway Branch Daedong JC (Gimhae) – Yangsan JC (Yangsan) 18.1 km
60 East – West Trunk Seoul–Yangyang Expressway Deokso-Sampae IC (Namyangju) – East Hongcheon IC (Hongcheon) - Yangyang 150.2 km
65 South – North Trunk Donghae Expressway Haeundae IC (Busan) – Pohang 100.9 km
Samcheok – Donghae IC (Donghae) – Hajodae IC (Yangyang) – Sokcho 122.6 km
100 Belt Seoul Ring Expressway Pangyo JC (Seongnam) – Hanam JC (Hanam) – Uijeongbu IC (Uijeongbu) -
Ilsan IC (Goyang) – Jangsu IC (Incheon) – Pangyo JC – (Loop)
128.0 km
110 Metropolitan Area Second Gyeongin Expressway Airport Town Square JC (Incheon) – Sammak IC (Anyang) – Seongnam 70.0 km
120 Metropolitan Area Gyeongin Expressway Incheon IC (Incheon) – Sinwol IC (Seoul) 23.9 km
130 Metropolitan Area Incheon International Airport Expressway Bungno JC (Goyang) – Airport Town Square JC (Incheon) 36.5 km
300 Belt Daejeon Southern Ring Expressway Seodaejeon JC (Daejeon) – Biryong JC (Daejeon) 20.9 km
400 Belt Capital Region Second Ring Expressway Bongdam IC (Hwaseong) – Dongtan JC (Hwaseong) 17.8 km
IncheonGimpo 28.5 km
Pocheon - Yangpyeong IC (Yangpyeong) 46.5 km
500 Belt Gwangju Ring Expressway GwangjuJangseong 10.3 km
600 Belt Busan Ring Expressway GimhaeBusan - Yangsan - Busan 48.8 km
700 Belt Daegu Ring Expressway DaeguChilgok - Daegu 32.4 km

Access restrictions[edit]

Motorcycling restrictions[edit]

Overhead sign at a South Korean expressway entrance
Motor vehicles only sign and no motorcycles sign in South Korea at an expressway entrance

Since June 1, 1972, all motorcycles except police motorcycles are prohibited from driving on expressways in South Korea, regardless of engine displacement. Before 1972, motorcycles with an engine displacement greater than 250 cc were permitted on expressways.[1][2]

Since March 15, 1992, all motorcycles except police motorcycles have been banned from certain other roads designated for motor vehicles only.[3][4][5] These roads are marked by a circular blue sign with a white silhouette of a car.

South Korea is the only country in the OECD with a freeway ban on motorcycles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Korean) Prohibit the driving on Expressways for Three-wheeled Vehicles and Motorcycles May 23,1972, Dong-a Ilbo
  2. ^ (Korean) Prohibit the driving on Expressways for Three-wheeled Vehicles etc May 24, 1972, Maeil Business Newspaper
  3. ^ (Korean) Article 58 the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for December 14, 1991, Enforced from to March 15, 1992)
  4. ^ (Korean) Article 63 of the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for May 31, 2005 and April 28, 2006, Enforced from to June 1st 2006)
  5. ^ (Korean) Article 63 of the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for June 8, 2011, Enforced from to December 9, 2011)

External links[edit]