Expressways of Vietnam

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Expressway network of Vietnam
CT 01, VNM.svg
Vietnam Expressway map - Numbered.png
System information
Length1,276 km[1] (793 mi)
Highway names
Hanoi-Ninh Binh Expressway, part of the North-South Expressway

The Expressway network of Vietnam is a recent addition to the transport network of Vietnam. The first expressways were opened in the mid-2000s, by 2020, the expressway network is expected to stretch 1,276 kilometres (793 mi) and plans are for over 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) of expressway by 2030.[1]

Development[edit]

Toll booth in Ninh Bình

Expressways are a rather recent addition to the Vietnamese road network, and standardization has not been fully implemented. Ownership varies by expressway, they are financed, developed, owned and operated by either state-owned or private companies on behalf of the Ministry of Transport.[2] For example, state-owned Vietnam Expressway Corporation owns and exploits four expressways,[3] but toll collection is done by subcontracted companies. The companies exploiting the expressways have to report traffic numbers and toll revenue to the Ministry of Transport and the Directorate for Roads of Vietnam.[4] This construction has been subject of fraud investigations several times, as toll revenue was falsified by the collecting companies in order to take advantage of the difference.[5] The government has also threatened operating companies to revoke their toll collection licence after lack of maintenance caused dangerous situations on several expressways.[6] In 2019 it was reported that the Vietnam Expressway Corporation was $3.7 billion USD in debt, and earning $137 million in revenue each year.[7]

The total cost of the planned expressway network is estimated at $47.9 billion.[8]

Expressway use[edit]

Vietnam Expressway sign

Generally all cars, buses and trucks are permitted on the expressway but công nông (agricultural vehicles) and most notably all types motorcycles are not.[9]

A minimum speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) is generally in effect, and the maximum speed is 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph), although sections with a lower maximum speed are common.

List of Expressways[edit]

Number Name Length Notes
CT 01, VNM.svg CT.01 North-South Expressway 1,811 kilometres (1,125 mi)[10]
CT 02, VNM.svg CT.02 North-South Expressway West 1,269 kilometres (789 mi)[10]
CT 03, VNM.svg CT.03 Hanoi-Lang Son Expressway 130 kilometres (81 mi)[8] Completed between Hanoi and Mai Sao. Will connect to China's G7211.
CT 04, VNM.svg CT.04 Hanoi-Haiphong Expressway 106 kilometres (66 mi)[10] Fully opened
CT 05, VNM.svg CT.05 Hanoi-Lao Cai Expressway 265 kilometres (165 mi)[10] Connects to China's G8011. Complete between Hanoi Noi Bai Airport and the border with China
CT 06, VNM.svg CT.06 Noi Bai-Ha Long-Mong Cai Expressway 304 kilometres (189 mi)[10]
CT 07, VNM.svg CT.07 Hanoi–Thai Nguyen Expressway 69 kilometres (43 mi)[10] Fully completed
CT 08, VNM.svg CT.08 Hanoi-Hoa Binh Expressway 56 kilometres (35 mi)[10] Completed between Hanoi and QL.21
CT 09, VNM.svg CT.09 Ninh Binh-Hai Phong-Quang Ninh Expressway 160 kilometres (99 mi)[10] Completed between Haiphong and Van Don
CT 10, VNM.svg CT.10 Hong Linh-Huong Son Expressway
CT 11, VNM.svg CT.11 Cam Lo-Lao Bao expressway
CT 12, VNM.svg CT.12 Quy Nhon-Pleiku Expressway
CT 13, VNM.svg CT.13 Bien Hoa-Vung Tau Expressway 76 kilometres (47 mi)[10]
CT 14, VNM.svg CT.14 Dau Giay-Dalat Expressway 209 kilometres (130 mi)[8] Completed between Lien Khuong and Pass Prenn (Da Lat)
CT 15, VNM.svg CT.15 Thu Dau Mot-Chon Thanh Expressway
CT 16, VNM.svg CT.16 Ho Chi Minh City-Moc Bai Expressway Will connect to Cambodia's Phnom Penh-Bavet Expressway (E4), parallels QL 22
CT 17, VNM.svg CT.17 Chau Doc-Can Tho-Soc Trang Expressway
CT 18, VNM.svg CT.18 Ha Tien-Rach Gia-Bac Lieu Expressway
CT 19, VNM.svg CT.19 Can Tho-Ca Mau Expressway 150 kilometres (93 mi)[8]
CT 20, VNM.svg CT.20 Hanoi Belt 3 65 kilometres (40 mi)[10] Southern ring completed
CT 21, VNM.svg CT.21 Hanoi Ring 4 136.6 kilometres (84.9 mi)[10]
CT 22, VNM.svg CT.22 Ho Chi Minh City Ring 3 97.7 kilometres (60.7 mi)[10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b https://en.vietnamplus.vn/vietnam-to-have-more-than-7000km-of-expressways/138150.vnp
  2. ^ "Da Nang - Quang Ngai Expressway".
  3. ^ Giang Dang; Low Sui Pheng (18 October 2014). Infrastructure Investments in Developing Economies: The Case of Vietnam. Springer. p. 109. ISBN 978-981-287-248-7.
  4. ^ "Vietnam Expressway Corporation explains about loss of expressway tolls". VietnamPlus. February 13, 2019.
  5. ^ "Nine investigated for toll road fraud". vietnamnews.vn.
  6. ^ "Expressway maintenance failing to keep up". vietnamnews.vn.
  7. ^ "State-owned expressway builder weighed down by debt". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam.
  8. ^ a b c d Bui Dinh Tuan (September 2013). "Report On Viet Nam Expressway Development Plan" (PDF). Viet Nam Expressway Operation and Maintenance Limited Liability Company.
  9. ^ "Motorbikes entering expressways in Vietnam could be confiscated". Tuoi Tre News. 27 February 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Danh sách các tuyến đường cao tốc Việt Nam hiện nay". Danh sách các tuyến đường cao tốc Việt Nam hiện nay.

External links[edit]

Website of the Ministry of Transport