Thatched cottages in Exton
|Area||6.36 sq mi (16.5 km2) |
|Population||600 (2001 Census)|
|• Density||94/sq mi (36/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||85 miles (137 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Exton is a village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Exton and Horn, in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The population of the civil parish at the 2001 census was 600, including Whitwell and increasing slightly to 607 at the 2011 census. The civil parish was abolished on 1 April 2016 and merged with Horn to form Exton and Horn.
The village includes a tree-planted green overlooked by the Fox and Hounds pub. Close to the green is the war memorial to the dead of Exton and Whitwell and to relatives of the Earl of Gainsborough; the names include Tom Cecil Noel MC and Bar and Maurice Dease VC. The memorial was designed by Alfred Young Nutt.
Further south, on the north shore of Rutland Water, stands what was the Barnsdale country house and is now the Barnsdale Hall Hotel and Country Club. Barnsdale was a large country house, built in 1890 as a hunting lodge for Earl Fitzwilliam by architect E. J. May. It is a Grade II listed building.
Exton Park is a large country estate which has been home to the Noel family (Earls of Gainsborough) for over four centuries. The present Exton Hall was built in the 19th century close to the ruins of the original Tudor mansion which had burnt down in 1810. The romantic Fort Henry, a pleasure-house in the elegant late eighteenth-century Gothic style overlooks lakes formed by the North Brook.
Church of St Peter and St Paul
The grand Anglican parish church of St Peter & St Paul lies within the park and contains an impressive collection of monuments including work by Joseph Nollekens. It is a large and impressive medieval parish church, built in the 13th and 14th centuries. The church is a Grade I listed building.
There is a fine marble monument by Grinling Gibbons, dating from 1685, showing Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden, with his fourth wife, Elizabeth Bertie, and carvings of his 19 children. In 1954, the tomb was the subject of a design by John Piper, later adapted as a textile design by David Whitehead Ltd.
Other monuments in the church include:
- Robert Keilway (1497 – 1581), politician and court official.
- Sir James Harington (c. 1511 – 1592), public servant who fulfilled a number of legal, legislative and law enforcement duties and was knighted in 1565.
- Baptist Noel, 4th Earl of Gainsborough (1708 – 21 March 1751), Member of Parliament, styled Viscount Campden until 1714.
- Frances Noel, Countess of Gainsborough VA (20 November 1814 – 12 May 1885), Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria.
- George Douglas-Pennant, 2nd Baron Penrhyn (30 September 1836 – 10 March 1907), landowner who played a prominent part in the Welsh slate industry as the owner of the Penrhyn Quarry in North Wales.
- Lieutenant Tom Cecil Noel MC (12 December 1897 – 22 August 1918), World War I infantry officer turned aerial observer, notable for winning a Military Cross for bravery on both land and air.
The church spire was struck by lightning in 1843, causing a fire that melted the roof, shattered the windows, and destroyed the west end of the church. It was subsequently rebuilt by J. L. Pearson in 1852/3.
- "A vision of Britain through time". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "Rutland Civil Parish Populations" (PDF). Rutland County Council. 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "Bulletin of Change to local authority arrangements 2015" (PDF). Lgbce. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Rutland County Council report, 9 March 2015; Community Governance Review of Parish of Horn
- "Exton and Whitwell War Memorial, Exton". Rutland Remembers. 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- "Exton and Whitwell War Memorial" Grantham Journal Saturday 7 October 1922, page 11
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1361547)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1177714)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- "TOMB OF VISCOUNT CAMPDEN AT EXTON CHURCH". World Monuments Fund.
- "John Piper: the fabric of modernism". Pallant House Gallery.
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