Extra-base hit

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In baseball, an extra-base hit (EB, EBH or XBH[1]), also known as a long hit, is any base hit on which the batter is able to advance past first base without the benefit of a fielder either committing an error or opting to make a throw to retire another base runner (see fielder's choice). Extra-base hits are often not listed separately in tables of baseball statistics, but are easily determined by calculating the sum total of a batter's doubles, triples, and home runs.[2]

The modern-era record for most extra-base hits by one batter, in one game, is five, held by 10 different players, including Lou Boudreau, Joe Adcock, Willie Stargell, Steve Garvey, Shawn Green, Kelly Shoppach, Josh Hamilton, Jackie Bradley, Jr., Kris Bryant and most recently, José Ramírez.[3] The record for most career extra-base hits is 1,477, held by Hank Aaron.[2]

In the postseason, Albert Pujols, Hideki Matsui, Bob Robertson and Frank Isbell have all recorded four extra-base hits in a game.[4]

Another related statistic of interest that can be calculated is "extra bases on long hits". A batter gets three of these for each home run, two for each triple, and one for each double. Thus, leading the league in "Most extra bases in long hits" is a significant accomplishment in power hitting.

The statistic Extra-Base Hits Allowed (for example by a pitcher or by the fielding team in general) is denoted by the abbreviation XBA.[1]

Major League Baseball leaders[edit]

Hank Aaron holds the record for most extra-base hits, at 1477.

Career[edit]

For career leaders see List of Major League Baseball career extra base hits leaders.

Season[edit]

There have been 15 instances of a player recording 100 extra-base hits in a single season; Lou Gehrig, Chuck Klein and Todd Helton are the only players to have achieved this twice, with Helton the only one to do so in consecutive seasons.[5]

The top 5 are as follows: (totals are current through the end of the 2016 season)[6]

  1. Babe Ruth (1921) – 119
  2. Lou Gehrig (1927) – 117
  3. Barry Bonds (2001) – 107
  4. Chuck Klein (1930) – 107
  5. Todd Helton (2001) – 105

Team records[edit]

The Boston Red Sox recorded 17 extra-base hits in a 29–4 victory against the St. Louis Browns in 1950.[7] In the postseason, the team single game record for extra-base hits is 13, by the New York Yankees against the Red Sox in game 3 of the 2004 ALCS.[8] Two teams have 9 extra-base hits in a World Series game, namely the 1925 Pittsburgh Pirates (in game 7 vs the Washington Senators) and the 2007 Boston Red Sox (game 1, vs the Colorado Rockies).[8]

The 2003 Boston Red Sox had 649 extra-base hits, the most by one team in a single season.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Baseball Basics: Abbreviations". MLB.com. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Career Leaders & Records for Extra-Base Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Batting Game Finder: From 1913 to 2017, (requiring XBH>=5), sorted by most recent date". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  4. ^ Schoenfield, David (October 11, 2011). "Pujols awesome; Brewer rotation in trouble". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 28, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Batting Season Finder, For single seasons, From 1901 to 2017, (requiring XBH>=100)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Extra-Base Hits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: From 1913 to 2017, (requiring XBH>=15)". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 6, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Team Batting Game Finder: In the Postseason, From 1913 to 2017, (requiring XBH>=9)". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 6, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Red Sox announce 2004 Major League coaching staff". Boston Red Sox. January 9, 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2017. 
  10. ^ "MLB Team Hitting Statistics". MLB.com. Retrieved August 7, 2017.