An extractive reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Extrativista) is a type of sustainable use protected area in Brazil. The land is publicly owned but the people who live there have the right to traditional extractive practices such as hunting, fishing and harvesting wild plants.
In the broad sense, an extractive reserve is an area of land, generally state-owned where access and use rights, including natural resource extraction, are allocated to local groups or communities. Extractive reserves limit deforestation both by the local residents preventing deforestation within their reserve, and by acting as a buffer zone that keeps ranching and extractive industry out of the forests beyond.
"Extractive reserve" is among the types of sustainable use protected area defined by Law No. 9.985 of 18 July 2000, which established the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC). The extractive reserves are of public domain but the use of the land is allowed for traditional extractive populations. They are areas used by traditional extractive populations whose livelihood is based on extraction, subsistence agriculture and small-scale livestock raising. They are created to protect the livelihoods and culture of these people, ensuring sustainable use of natural resources. The land is in the public domain, but the people who live there have the extractive rights. Public visits are allowed where compatible with local interests and the provisions of the management plan for the unit. Research is permitted and encouraged, subject to prior authorization with the responsible agency.
List of land extractive reserves
Extractive reserves in Brazil include:
List of marine extractive reserves
Marine extractive reserves in Brazil include:
|Arraial do Cabo||Federal||Rio de Janeiro||56,769||1997||Coastal marine|
|Baía do Iguape||Federal||Bahia||10,074||2000||Coastal marine|
|Chocoaré - Mato Grosso||Federal||Pará||2,786||2002||Coastal marine|
|Delta do Parnaíba||Federal||Maranhão
|Ilha do Tumba||State||São Paulo||1,128||2008||Coastal marine|
|Lagoa do Jequiá||Federal||Alagoas||10,231||2001||Coastal marine|
|Mãe Grande de Curuçá||Federal||Pará||37,062||2002||Coastal marine|
|Mestre Lucindo||Federal||Pará||26,465||2014||Coastal marine|
|Pirajubaé||Federal||Santa Catarina||1,444||1992||Coastal marine|
|Prainha do Canto Verde||Federal||Ceará||29,794||2009||Coastal marine|
|São João da Ponta||Federal||Pará||3,203||2002||Coastal marine|
|Taquari||State||São Paulo||1,662||2008||Coastal marine|
- Áreas protegidas (in Portuguese), Apremavi - Associação de Preservação do Meio Ambiente e da Vida, retrieved 2016-05-08
- Brown, I. Foster (2001), "Extractive Preserves and Participatory Research as Factors in the Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin", in McClain, Michael E. et al., The biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-511431-7
- Categorias (in Portuguese), ICMBio, retrieved 2016-05-08
- Extractive Reserve, ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-05-10
- Neumann, Roderick P.; Hirsch, Eric (2000), Commercialisation of non-timber forest products: review and analysis of research, CIFOR, pp. 18–19, ISBN 978-979-8764-51-6
- Oliveira Maciel, Marco Antonio de (18 July 2000), Lei No 9.985, de 18 de Julho de 2000 (in Portuguese), retrieved 2016-05-10 Regulates article 225 of the Federal Constitution and institutes the National System of Units of Conservation and other provisions.
- Marreti, Claudio C. et al. (2005). "From pre-assumptions to a 'just world conserving nature': the role of Category VI in protecting landscapes: The Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Brazilian Amazon". In Brown, Jessica et al. The protected landscape approach: linking nature, culture and community. IUCN. ISBN 978-2-8317-0797-6.