Extractive reserve

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Spider monkey in the Lower Rio Branco-Rio Jauaperi Extractive Reserve

An extractive reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Extrativista) is a type of sustainable use protected area in Brazil. The land is publicly owned but the people who live there have the right to traditional extractive practices such as hunting, fishing and harvesting wild plants.

Definition[edit]

In the broad sense, an extractive reserve is an area of land, generally state-owned where access and use rights, including natural resource extraction, are allocated to local groups or communities.[1] Extractive reserves limit deforestation both by the local residents preventing deforestation within their reserve, and by acting as a buffer zone that keeps ranching and extractive industry out of the forests beyond.[2]

"Extractive reserve" is among the types of sustainable use protected area defined by Law No. 9.985 of 18 July 2000, which established the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC).[3] The extractive reserves are of public domain but the use of the land is allowed for traditional extractive populations.[4] They are areas used by traditional extractive populations whose livelihood is based on extraction, subsistence agriculture and small-scale livestock raising. They are created to protect the livelihoods and culture of these people, ensuring sustainable use of natural resources. The land is in the public domain, but the people who live there have the extractive rights.[5] Public visits are allowed where compatible with local interests and the provisions of the management plan for the unit. Research is permitted and encouraged, subject to prior authorization with the responsible agency.[5]

List of land extractive reserves[edit]

Extractive reserves in Brazil include:[6]

Name Level State Area (ha) Created Biome
Acaú-Goiana Federal Paraíba
Pernambuco
6,678 2007 Atlantic Forest
Alto Juruá Federal Acre 506,186 1990 Amazon
Alto Tarauacá Federal Acre 151,200 2000 Amazon
Angelim State Rondônia 8,923 1995 Amazon
Aquariqua State Rondônia 18,100 1995 Amazon
Arapixi Federal Amazonas 133,637 2006 Amazon
Arióca Pruanã Federal Pará 83,445 2005 Amazon
Auatí-Paraná Federal Amazonas 146,950 2001 Amazon
Baixo Juruá Federal Amazonas 187,982 2001 Amazon
Barreiro das Antas Federal Rondônia 107,234 2001 Amazon
Batoque Federal Ceará 602 2003 Coastal marine
Canutama State Amazonas 197,986 2009 Amazon
Cassurubá Federal Bahia 100,687 2009
Castanheira State Rondônia 10,200 1995 Amazon
Catuá-Ipixuna State Amazonas 217,486 2003 Amazon
Cazumbá-Iracema Federal Acre 750,795 2002 Amazon
Chapada Limpa Federal Maranhão 11,971 2007
Chico Mendes Federal Acre 970,570 1990 Amazon
Ciriaco Federal Maranhão 8,084 1992 Amazon
Curralinho State Rondônia 1,758 1995 Amazon
Cururupu Federal Maranhão 185,046 2004 Amazon
Extremo Norte do Tocantins Federal Tocantins 9,280 1992 Amazon
Freijó State Rondônia 600 1995 Amazon
Garrote State Rondônia 803 1995 Amazon
Guariba State Amazonas 150,465 2005 Amazon
Guariba-Roosevelt State Mato Grosso 164,224 1996 Amazon
Gurupá-Melgaço Federal Pará 145,298 2006 Amazon
Ipaú-Anilzinho Federal Pará 55,816 2005 Amazon
Ipê State Rondônia 815 1995 Amazon
Itaúba State Rondônia 1,758 1995 Amazon
Ituxi Federal Amazonas 776,940 2008 Amazon
Jaci Paraná State Rondônia 197,364 1996 Amazon
Jatobá State Rondônia 1,135 1995 Amazon
Juami-Japurá Federal Amazonas 745,830 2001 Amazon
Jutaí-Solimões Federal Amazonas 284,285 1983 Amazon
Lago do Capanã Grande Federal Amazonas 304,146 2004 Amazon
Lago do Cedro Federal Goiás 17,338 2006
Lago do Cuniã Federal Rondônia 55,850 1999 Amazon
Mandira Federal São Paulo 1,176 2002 Atlantic Forest
Mapuá Federal Pará 94,464 2005 Amazon
Maracatiara State Rondônia 9,503 1995 Amazon
Massaranduba State Rondônia 5,566 1995 Amazon
Mata Grande Federal Maranhão 10,450 1992 Amazon
Médio Juruá Federal Amazonas 286,933 1997 Amazon
Médio Purus Federal Amazonas 604,209 2008 Amazon
Mogno State Rondônia 2,450 1995 Amazon
Pedras Negras State Rondônia 124,409 1995 Amazon
Piquiá State Rondônia 1,449 1995 Amazon
Quilombo Frechal Federal Maranhão 9,542 1992 Amazon
Recanto das Araras de Terra Ronca Federal Goiás 11,964 2006
Renascer Federal Pará 211,741 2009 Amazon
Rio Cajari Federal Amapá 501,771 1990 Amazon
Rio Cautário State State Rondônia 146,400 1995 Amazon
Rio Cautário Federal Federal Rondônia 73,818 2001 Amazon
Rio Gregório State Amazonas 427,004 2007 Amazon
Rio Iriri Federal Pará 398,938 2006 Amazon
Rio Jutaí Federal Amazonas 275,533 2002 Amazon
Rio Ouro Preto Federal Rondônia 204,583 1990 Amazon
Rio Pacaás Novos State Rondônia 342,904 1995 Amazon
Rio Preto-Jacundá State Rondônia 95,300 1996 Amazon
Rio Unini Federal Amazonas 833,352 2006 Amazon
Rio Xingu Federal Pará 303,841 2008 Amazon
Riozinho da Liberdade Federal Acre 325,603 2005 Amazon
Riozinho do Anfrísio Federal Pará 736,340 2004 Amazon
Roxinho State Rondônia 882 1995 Amazon
Seringueira State Rondônia 537 1995 Amazon
Sucupira State Rondônia 3,188 1995 Amazon
Tapajós-Arapiuns Federal Pará 647,611 1998 Amazon
Terra Grande-Pracuúba Federal Pará 194,695 2006 Amazon
Verde para Sempre Federal Pará 1,288,720 2004 Amazon

List of marine extractive reserves[edit]

Conservation units northeast of Belém

Marine extractive reserves in Brazil include:[6]

Name State Admin Area (ha) Created Biome
Araí-Peroba Federal Pará 62,035 2005 Coastal marine
Arraial do Cabo Federal Rio de Janeiro 56,769 1997 Coastal marine
Baía do Iguape Federal Bahia 10,074 2000 Coastal marine
Caeté-Taperaçu Federal Pará 42,069 2005 Coastal marine
Canavieiras Federal Bahia 100,646 2006 Coastal marine
Chocoaré - Mato Grosso Federal Pará 2,786 2002 Coastal marine
Corumbau Federal Bahia 89,500 2000 Coastal marine
Cuinarana Federal Pará 11,037 2014 Coastal marine
Delta do Parnaíba Federal Maranhão
Piauí
27,022 2000 Coastal marine
Gurupi-Piriá Federal Pará 74,081 2005 Coastal marine
Ilha do Tumba State São Paulo 1,128 2008 Coastal marine
Lagoa do Jequiá Federal Alagoas 10,231 2001 Coastal marine
Mãe Grande de Curuçá Federal Pará 37,062 2002 Coastal marine
Maracanã Federal Pará 30,019 2002 Coastal marine
Mestre Lucindo Federal Pará 26,465 2014 Coastal marine
Mocapajuba Federal Pará 21,029 2014 Coastal marine
Pirajubaé Federal Santa Catarina 1,444 1992 Coastal marine
Prainha do Canto Verde Federal Ceará 29,794 2009 Coastal marine
São João da Ponta Federal Pará 3,203 2002 Coastal marine
Soure Federal Pará 27,464 2001 Coastal marine
Taquari State São Paulo 1,662 2008 Coastal marine
Tracuateua Federal Pará 27,154 2005 Coastal marine

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]