Extreme points of Europe

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Extreme points of Europe (without Flores Island)

This is a list of the extreme points of Europe: the geographical points that are higher or farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. Some of these positions are open to debate, as the definition of Europe is diverse.

Extremes of the European continent, including islands[edit]

Southernmost point on the island of Gavdos, Greece

Mainland Europe[edit]


  • Highest point. The highest point is dependent upon the definition of Europe:
    • The Caucasus Mountains watershed divide is the most common definition for the European/Asian border. This places the highest point at Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 metres; 18,506 feet), which is 11 km onto the European side of the Caucasus watershed divide.
    • If the Caucasus mountains are excluded, the highest point is Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy (4,810 metres; 15,781 feet).
  • Lowest point. Caspian Sea shore, Russia (−28 metres; −92 feet)

Highest attainable by transportation[edit]

See also: List of highest paved roads in Europe and List of highest railways in Europe

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ireland, which is part of the European continental shelf and which was connected to the continent by land during the last glacial period, includes points that are further west than Cabo da Roca (see Extreme points of Ireland).


External links[edit]