Çorum

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Çorum
Çorum Archaeological Museum
Çorum Archaeological Museum
Çorum is located in Turkey
Çorum
Çorum
Çorum is located in Asia
Çorum
Çorum
Coordinates: 40°32′44″N 34°57′25″E / 40.5455°N 34.957°E / 40.5455; 34.957Coordinates: 40°32′44″N 34°57′25″E / 40.5455°N 34.957°E / 40.5455; 34.957
CountryTurkey
ProvinceÇorum
Government
 • MayorHalil Ibrahim Asgin (AKP)
Area
 • District2,276.81 km2 (879.08 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
231,146
 • District
265,242
 • District density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Websitewww.corum.bel.tr

Çorum (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtʃoɾum]) (Medieval Greek: Ευχάνεια, romanized: Euchaneia) is a northern Anatolian city that is the capital of the Çorum Province of Turkey. Çorum is located inland in the central Black Sea Region of Turkey, and is approximately 244 km (152 mi) from Ankara and 608 km (378 mi) from Istanbul. The city has an elevation of 801 m (2,628 ft) above sea level, a surface area of 12,820 km2 (4,950 sq mi), and as of the 2016 census, a population of 237,000.[3]

Çorum is primarily known for its Phrygian and Hittite archaeological sites, its thermal springs, and its native roasted chick-pea snacks known nationally as leblebi.

History[edit]

There is ample archaeological evidence for human presence in the area since the Paleolithic ages.[4] The area prospered during the Bronze Age, with the emergence of the Hittite Empire between 1650-1200 BC. Hattusa, the Hittite capital, was located in the region owing to its inherent geographic protection, and the well-established local economy as supported by the regional Karum system.[4]

There is a hypothesis that the Byzantine town of Euchaneia was at or near the site of the modern city, but others place Euchaneia further east, at Euchaita.[5]

The settlement of Çorum proper can be traced only to the 16th century. The name is of Armenian origin, and is first attested in Ottoman records, in reference to a Seljuk fortress Çorum Kalesi described by Evliya Çelebi. In the mid 16th century, the fortress was divided into four mahalle or quarters.

Çorum today[edit]

Museum of archaeology in Çorum
Clock Tower of Çorum
Hacıveli Culture Park
Çorum in spring .
Gerdek Rock-cut tomb, Hellenistic period, 2nd century BCE, District of Çorum.

The town today is generally tidy and pleasant, with a locally popular countryside. As with most Central Anatolian and inland Black Sea towns, the population is largely conservative, leading to a generally more restricted nightlife that favors dry establishments, although there are some bars, pubs and cafés that offer a mix of contemporary and traditional Turkish folk music. Within the city, there is a good range of shops, cafés and restaurants, with a cuisine that includes a variety of pastries including the nationally-known Çorum Mantısı - a popular dish similar to ravioli that is slowly baked in a brick oven or steamed in a beef broth. As well as the archeological and other historic sites, the countryside surrounding Çorum offers many places for picnics, particularly near the Çomar reservoir or in the mountains around the province.

The old Ottoman houses, the 19th century clock tower, and the Çorum Museum that displays a range of artefacts from excavations in the region are popular tourist interests. An International Hittite Congress of archaeologists is held in Çorum every three years.

Economy[edit]

Although the economic output of the city has historically been relatively small with a focus on traditional crafts like coppersmithing, tanning, hand weaving, agriculture and animal husbandry, over the past two decades, the city has shown a significant growth in industrial production and light engineering that has made it among the most industrially advanced cities compared to its population size.

Originally home to about 20 tile and brick manufactories and 10 flour and feed mills, the city today produces a wide variety of products ranging from cement to automobile parts, refined sugar to dairy products, textiles to computer parts, and more recently, poultry through chicken farming.[6]

Population[edit]

Population of the city of Çorum
2017 527,863
2009 206,600
2000 161,321
1990 116,810
1985 96,725
1980 75,726
1970 57,576

Geography[edit]

Çorum is on the northern edge of the Central Anatolian Plateau. There is an attractive mountainous countryside around the city. The North Anatolian Fault line passes 20 km (12 mi) south of Çorum.

Climate[edit]

Çorum has a warm summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsb or Trewartha climate classification: Dcb) with dry summers and cold, snowy winters, and mild to cool wet springs and autumns with light rain.

Climate data for Çorum (1991–2020, extremes 1929–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
20.4
(68.7)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
35.1
(95.2)
37.5
(99.5)
42.6
(108.7)
40.2
(104.4)
38.7
(101.7)
33.6
(92.5)
25.6
(78.1)
19.2
(66.6)
42.6
(108.7)
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.9
(64.2)
22.9
(73.2)
26.8
(80.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.7
(87.3)
26.7
(80.1)
20.7
(69.3)
12.9
(55.2)
6.5
(43.7)
18.3
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
1.4
(34.5)
5.6
(42.1)
10.4
(50.7)
15.0
(59.0)
18.7
(65.7)
21.7
(71.1)
21.9
(71.4)
17.8
(64.0)
12.5
(54.5)
5.6
(42.1)
1.6
(34.9)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
3.4
(38.1)
7.4
(45.3)
10.7
(51.3)
12.8
(55.0)
13.1
(55.6)
9.6
(49.3)
5.7
(42.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −25.6
(−14.1)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
0.2
(32.4)
3.4
(38.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.7
(3.7)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−27.2
(−17.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.4
(1.47)
28.5
(1.12)
42.0
(1.65)
46.6
(1.83)
61.7
(2.43)
63.5
(2.50)
21.4
(0.84)
19.0
(0.75)
24.9
(0.98)
27.9
(1.10)
32.9
(1.30)
43.0
(1.69)
448.8
(17.67)
Average precipitation days 12.30 10.57 13.57 13.73 15.77 12.00 5.10 4.10 6.60 8.43 8.70 12.37 123.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.2 98.9 145.7 192.0 235.6 267.0 316.2 310.0 246.0 173.6 117.0 62.0 2,232.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 2.2 3.5 4.7 6.4 7.6 8.9 10.2 10.0 8.2 5.6 3.9 2.0 6.1
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[7]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ Statistical Institute[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b History of Çorum Archived 2009-03-17 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Christopher Walter, The Warrior Saints in Byzantine Art and Tradition (2016), citing Hippolyte Delehaye (1909).
  6. ^ Economy of Çorum Archived 2009-03-17 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Mevism Normalleri (1991–2020)" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 28 June 2021.

External links[edit]