Eyre (legal term)
An Eyre or Iter was the name of a circuit traveled by an itinerant justice in medieval England (a Justice in Eyre), or the circuit court over which he presided, or the right of the king (or justices acting in his name) to visit and inspect the holdings of any vassal. The eyre involved visits and inspections at irregular intervals of the houses of all vassals in the kingdom.
Eyre of 1194
The eyre of 1194 was initiated under Hubert Walter's justiciarship to restore royal justice following the anarchy of Prince John's rebellion. Within two months, justices on eyre had visited every shire in England. The Articles of Eyre appointed local knights as coroners to record crown pleas to be presented to the justices. The motivation for this administrative reform was the need to raise money for King Richard I's reconquest of Normandy. The coroners were also required to account for the wealth forfeited by the rebels and list the financial resources of each shire.
Eyre of 1233
- 1170 Gervase de Cornhill; John Cumin 
- 1177 Robert Marmion
- 1190 Simon of Pattishall
- 1208 Richard of Staines
- 1209 Gerard de Camville
- 1217 Thomas de Multon
- 1218 Walter of Pattishall
- 1221 Thomas De Heydon
- 1225 John de Baalun
- 1225 Martin of Pattishall
- 1225 Richard de Veym
- 1225 Peter, abbot of Tewkesbury
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- Robert C. Stacey, ‘Walter, Hubert (d. 1205)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Stenton, Doris Mary (1964). English Justice Between the Norman Conquest and the Great Charter 1066–1215. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. p. 73.
- Blomefield, Francis, (1807) An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 6, p. 244.
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