Eyvind Earle

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Eyvind Earle
Born(1916-04-26)April 26, 1916
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
DiedJuly 20, 2000(2000-07-20) (aged 84)
Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, U.S.
Known forPainted backgrounds for Disney's classic films
Spouse(s)Joan Earle (m. ?–2000) (his death)
ChildrenKristin Thompson
AwardsWinsor McCay Award, 1998 for lifetime achievement in the art of animation; Disney Legends, 2015, Animation
Websitewww.eyvindearle.com

Eyvind Earle (April 26, 1916 – July 20, 2000) was an American artist, author and illustrator, noted for his contribution to the background illustration and styling of Disney's animated films in the 1950s. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Rahr West Art Museum, Phoenix Art Museum and Arizona State University Art Museum have purchased Earle's works for their permanent collections. His works have also been shown in many one-man exhibitions throughout the world.

Early life[edit]

Earle was born in New York, but his family moved to Hollywood in 1918.[1] His mother, Charlotte, was a piano teacher. A childhood bout with polio affected muscles on the left side of his face. He began painting when he was 10 years old, and had his first solo show in France when he was 14.[1]

Career[edit]

Earle's first New York exhibition was at the Charles Morgan Galleries in 1937.[2] In a 1939 exhibition, the Metropolitan Museum of Art purchased one of his works for its permanent collection.[2] His work at this time was realistic painting.[2]

Starting in 1939 Earle began his long and successful career of selling Christmas cards, that he designed and printed himself for the American Artist Group.[2] Starting out merely as a means of survival, he formed a Christmas card company called "Monroe and Earle" with an old family friend of his. He printed these cards with the help of Everett Ball, with whom he later formed a separate company by the name of "Earle and Ball". He created over 800 designs between 1938 and 1995, and sold more than 300 million copies. [3]

In 1951 he joined Walt Disney Productions as an assistant background painter and received credit for the experimental background painting in the Goofy short, For Whom the Bulls Toil.[4] In 1953 he created the look of Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom, a short animated film which won an Academy Award[2] and a Cannes Film Festival Award.[1] He also worked on Peter Pan, Working for Peanuts, Pigs is Pigs, Paul Bunyan, and Lady and the Tramp. He was responsible for the styling, background and colors for the highly acclaimed Sleeping Beauty.[2]

In 1961, Earle completed an 18-minute animated segment of the Nativity story for the Tennessee Ernie Ford hosted television special The Story Of Christmas on NBC.[5][6]

In 1963, he created the belts and globe for 1963-1990 Universal Pictures spinning globe logo with a clay ball.[7]

Earle returned to full-time painting in 1966,[2] producing watercolors, oils, sculptures, drawings, scratchboards, and limited-edition serigraphs.[1] Much of this work was not exhibited in his lifetime.[2]

He died of esophageal cancer in 2000.[8][9]

Legacy[edit]

Earle was critically acclaimed by such publications as Time, The Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, The New York World-Telegram, The Art News and The New York Sun.

Earle's work and distinct graphic styling has continued to inspire new generations of artists and animators, serving to influence the look of other animated films. These have included the Disney features Pocahontas and Frozen,[10] as well as the graphic style of Sony Pictures Animation's debut film, Open Season.[11][12]

The Banner Saga, a video game by developers Stoic, draws heavily from Earle's style and contains a character named after him. He is credited for 'Artistic Inspiration'.

In May 2017 The Walt Disney Family Museum hosted an 8-month original retrospective exhibit: Awaking Beauty: The Art of Eyvind Earle.[13][14] An accompanying hard cover exhibition catalog was published under the same name ISBN 978-1681882710.

Awards[edit]

In 1998, Earle was honored at the 26th Annie Awards with the Winsor McCay Award for a lifetime achievement in the art of animation.

In 2015, in a presentation at the D23 Expo in Anaheim, California, Earle was inducted as a Disney Legend.[15][16] His daughter, Kristin Thompson, accepted on her father's behalf.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Animazing bio of Eyvind Earle Archived December 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Art Business News, Nov 2005.
  3. ^ Ioan Szasz, Awaking Beauty: The Art of Eyvind Earle, 2017, p.28-29
  4. ^ Sacvan Bercovitch, Cyrus R. K. Patell, The Cambridge History of American Literature, Cambridge University Press, 2002, p536. ISBN 0-521-49731-0
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flwqcpLiSUk
  7. ^ "Universal Pictures - CLG Wiki". closinglogosgroup.miraheze.org. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  8. ^ "Archives".
  9. ^ "Eyvind Earle, 84; Painted Settings for Disney Films". The New York Times. July 30, 2000.
  10. ^ The Art of Frozen, Charles Solomon, Chronicle Books, 2015
  11. ^ The Art of Open Season, Linda Sunshine, Insight Editions, 2006
  12. ^ "'Open Season' Diary: 2D to 3D — Production Design".
  13. ^ "'Awaking Beauty' exhibit pays tribute to 'Sleeping Beauty' artist Eyvind Earle". May 17, 2017.
  14. ^ "Awaking Beauty: The Art of Eyvind Earle | the Walt Disney Family Museum".
  15. ^ "Announcing the 2015 Disney Legends". July 20, 2015.
  16. ^ "Eyvind Earle".
  17. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmzcxK9TNnc

External links[edit]