Ezequiel Hurtado

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Ezequiel Hurtado
Ezequiel Hurtado.jpg
17th President of the United States of Colombia
In office
April 1, 1884 – August 11, 1884
Preceded by José Eusebio Otálora
Succeeded by Rafael Nuñez
10th President of the Sovereign State of Cauca
In office
August 1, 1879 – August 1, 1883
Preceded by Eliseo Payán
Succeeded by Eliseo Payán
Secretary of War and Navy
In office
1878–1879
President Julián Trujillo Largacha
Preceded by Fernando Ponce
Succeeded by Eliseo Payan
Personal details
Born Ezequiel Hurtado Hurtado
(1825-12-14)December 14, 1825
Silvia, Cauca, Colombia
Died September 24, 1890(1890-09-24) (aged 64)
Popayán, Cauca, Colombia
Resting place Panteón de los Próceres de Popayán
Nationality Colombian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Trinidad Guzmán
Manuelita Salazar
Alma mater University of Cauca
Occupation Soldier (General) and politician
Profession Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Allegiance Colombia (Liberal Party)
Rank General
Battles/wars Colombian Civil War (1860–1862)
Colombian Civil War of 1876
Colombian Civil War of 1885

Ezequiel Hurtado Hurtado was a politician, military general and statesman who became President of Colombia. He was born in Silvia, in the department of Cauca, December 14, 1825 and died in Popayán, September 4, 1890. His parents were Nicolas Hurtado and Maria Trinidad Hurtado. e went to school at Colegio San Jose and then studied law at the University of Cauca, where he graduated on January 27, 1852. He subsequently became a University lecturer in law.

His initial military involvement was in 1851, in defence of legal institutions. Two years later his military and political career started in earnest with the Colombian Liberal Party in the fight against the dictator Jose Maria Melo.

From 1860 he took part in revolutionary movements against the Conservative Government of Mariano Ospina Rodriguez. He joined the army of General Thomas Cipriano de Mosquera which was successful in 1861, and he was promoted to the rank of General.

Subsequently he was part of the Cauca Assembly and served as a government minister on various occasions. He also took part in the Convention of Rionegro which produced the 1863 Constitution.

In 1868 he was elected as a Parliamentary representative and then a Senator. In 1878 President Julian Trujillo Largacha appointed him Minister of War and Navy, and a year later he was elected Governor of the Sovereign State of Cauca (1879–1883). Hurtado's elevation was due to the "April Revolution" (1879), led by Generals Eliseo Payan and Juan de Dios Ulloa, who represented a coalition of independents and "mosqueristas" who opposed the abuses committed by radicals.

Leaving office in 1883, he was elected by Congress to be the Designated President of the Republic and was appointed Presiding Judge by the Supreme Court of Justice. He exercised presidential power between April and August 1884, due to the delay of Rafael Nuñez assuming power. In his responsibilities he appointed as cabinet ministers of Housing, Finance, Public Works, External Relations, Public Education and War the following: Manuel M. Castro, Felipe Angulo, Mariano Tanco y José María Caro, José J. Vargas, Eustorgio Salazar, Napoleón Borrero and José María Campo Serrano.

When he left the Presidency he campaigned against the Nuñez's Regeneration project of, and in the war of 1885 he was taken prisoner and suffered harsh treatment. He was subsequently exiled to Costa Rica (Central America), but in 1889, shortly before his death, was allowed to return to Colombia.

His remains are now in the Panteon de los Proceres Cemetery in Popayán (Cauca). This burial ground was inaugurated by Guillermo León Valencia in 1940.